Wide natural beach near Sabine Pass
USGS map of Sabine Pass

Sabine Pass is the natural outlet of Sabine Lake into the Gulf of Mexico.[1] It borders Jefferson County, Texas, and Cameron Parish, Louisiana.[1]

HistoryEdit

Civil WarEdit

Two major battles occurred here during the American Civil War, known as the First and Second Battles of Sabine Pass.

HurricanesEdit

A powerful storm made landfall at Sabine Pass on October 12, 1886. It was the tenth hurricane of the season, now referred to as The Texas-Louisiana Hurricane of 1886, that all but wiped out Sabine Pass and Johnson Bayou in Cameron Parish. The storm, now considered to have been a category 3 (Saffir–Simpson scale), resulted in at least 196 deaths. Occurrence of the storm was recorded in the controversial "Diary of Louise" on October 20, 1886.[2]

Hurricane Rita made landfall on September 24, 2005 and on September 12–13, 2008, Hurricane Ike struck Sabine Pass and Galveston,[3] generating the highest surge[4] of 22 feet (6.7 meters) which is, according to the North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD 88),[5] the highest ever recorded at Sabine Pass.[6]

CurrentEdit

Sabine Pass is a site for an LNG receiving terminal because it is located along one of a few deepwater ports along the Gulf Coast suitable for importing LNG. The region also has an existing pipeline infrastructure with access to South East Texas and U.S. markets.[7]

The former city of Sabine Pass, Texas, is now a neighborhood of Port Arthur.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, John Ross, Harry L. Ford, John Jacob Gilbert (1908). United States Coast Pilot: Atlantic Coast. Part VIII. Gulf of Mexico, from Key West to the Rio Grande. US Government Printing Office. Retrieved 2008-09-16.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. ^ Dairy of Louise: October 20, 1886- Retrieved 2018-11-28
  3. ^ NOAA; Hurricanes Rita and Ike- Accessed 2011-08-29
  4. ^ Storm surge NOAA hurricane guide: page 6 of 32; Accessed 2011-08-26
  5. ^ NAVD standards-Retrieved 2011-08-29
  6. ^ NOAA hurricane summary- Retrieved 2011-08-29
  7. ^ Golden Pass LNG- Accessed 2011-08-29

Coordinates: 29°43′35″N 93°51′48″W / 29.72639°N 93.86333°W / 29.72639; -93.86333