(Redirected from STS 96)

STS-96 was a Space Shuttle mission to the International Space Station (ISS) flown by Space Shuttle Discovery, and the first shuttle flight to dock at the International Space Station.[1][2] The shuttle carried the Spacehab module in the payload, filled with cargo for station outfitting. STS-96 launched from Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on 27 May 1999 at 06:49:42 AM EDT and returned to Kennedy on 6 June 1999, 2:02:43 AM EDT.[3]

Tamara E. Jernigan Discovery crew.jpg
Jernigan outside Unity, during the mission's only EVA
Mission typeISS assembly
ISS logistics
COSPAR ID1999-030A
SATCAT no.25760
Mission duration9 days, 19 hours, 13 minutes, 57 seconds
Distance travelled6,000,000 kilometres (3,700,000 mi)
Spacecraft properties
SpacecraftSpace Shuttle Discovery
Launch mass118,857 kilograms (262,035 lb)
Landing mass100,230 kilograms (220,980 lb)
Payload mass9,097 kilograms (20,056 lb)
Crew size7
Start of mission
Launch date27 May 1999, 10:49:42 (1999-05-27UTC10:49:42Z) UTC
Launch siteKennedy LC-39B
End of mission
Landing date6 June 1999, 06:02:43 (1999-06-06UTC06:02:44Z) UTC
Landing siteKennedy SLF Runway 15
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude326 kilometres (203 mi)
Apogee altitude340 kilometres (210 mi)
Inclination51.6 degrees
Period91.2 min
Docking with ISS
Docking portPMA-2
(Unity forward)
Docking date29 May 1999, 04:23 UTC
Undocking date3 June 1999, 22:39 UTC
Time docked5 days, 18 hours, 15 minutes
Sts-96-patch.svg STS-96 crew.jpg
Left to right - Front row: Rominger, Ochoa, Husband; Back row: Barry, Payette, Tokarev, Jernigan
← STS-88
STS-93 →


Position Astronaut
Commander   Kent V. Rominger
Fourth spaceflight
Pilot   Rick D. Husband
First spaceflight
Mission Specialist 1   Daniel T. Barry
Second spaceflight
Mission Specialist 2   Ellen Ochoa
Third spaceflight
Mission Specialist 3   Tamara E. Jernigan
Fifth and last spaceflight
Mission Specialist 4   Julie Payette, CSA
First spaceflight
Mission Specialist 5   Valeri I. Tokarev, RKA
First spaceflight

Space walkEdit

  • Jernigan and Barry – EVA 1
  • EVA 1 Start: 30 May 1999 – 02:56 UTC
  • EVA 1 End: 30 May 1999 – 10:51 UTC
  • Duration: 7 hours, 55 minutes

Mission highlightsEdit

STS-96 was a logistics and resupply mission for the International Space Station carrying the Spacehab Double Module (DM) 13th Spacehab overall (6th dual module use).

Space Shuttle Discovery carried to the ISS an Integrated Cargo Carrier (ICC) with parts for the Russian cargo crane STRELA, which was mounted to the exterior of the Russian station segment. Furthermore, the ICC carried the SPACEHAB Oceaneering Space System Box (SHOSS) and the "ORU Transfer Device" (OTD), a U.S. built crane.

Other payloads on STS-96 were the Student Tracked Atmospheric Research Satellite for Heuristic International Networking Equipment (STARSHINE), the Shuttle Vibration Forces Experiment (SVF) and the Orbiter Integrated Vehicle Health Monitoring – HEDS Technology Demonstration (IVHM HTD).

The STARSHINE satellite consists of an inert, 483 millimetres (19.0 in) hollow sphere covered by 1,000 evenly distributed, flat, polished mirrors, each 1 inch in diameter. The payload consists of the STARSHINE satellite, integrated with the Pallet Ejection System (PES), then mounted inside a lidless carrier. The HH equipment consists of one HH Lightweight Avionics Plate (LAP), then mounted inside a lidless carrier. Additional HH equipment consists of one Hitchhiker Ejection System Electronics (HESE), one 5.0 cubic-foot (142 L) HH canister, and one Adapter Beam Assembly (ABA). The purpose of the mission was to train international student volunteer observers to visually track this optically reflective spacecraft during morning and evening twilight intervals for several months, calculate its orbit from shared observations, and derive atmospheric density from drag-induced changes in its orbit over time.

Space Shuttle Discovery launches on STS-96 from Kennedy Space Center, 27 May 1999.

The Shuttle Vibration Forces (SVF) Experiment provided flight measurements of the vibratory forces acting between an aerospace payload and its mounting structure. The force transducers were incorporated into four custom brackets which replaced the existing brackets used to attach the 5 ft (1.5 m) standard canister to the side wall GAS adapter beam. The payload was activated automatically by the Orbiter Lift-off vibration and operated for approximately 100 seconds. STS-96 was the second flight of the SVF experiment.

The purpose of the Orbiter Integrated Vehicle Health Monitoring- HEDS Technology Demonstration (IVHM HTD) was to demonstrate competing modern, off-the-shelf sensing technologies in an operational environment to make informed design decisions for the eventual Orbiter upgrade IVHM. The objective of IVHM was to reduce planned ground processing, streamline problem troubleshooting (unplanned ground processing), enhance visibility into systems operation and improve overall vehicle safety.

A copy of Blizzard Entertainment's StarCraft real-time strategy game was also flown aboard STS-96. It resides at Blizzard's headquarters in Irvine, CA.

Wake-up callsEdit

NASA began a tradition of playing music to astronauts during the Gemini program, which was first used to wake up a flight crew during Apollo 15.[4] Each track is specially chosen, often by their families, and usually has a special meaning to an individual member of the crew, or is applicable to their daily activities.[4][5]

Flight Day Song Artist/Composer Links
Day 2 "California Dreamin" Mamas and the Papas wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]
Day 3 "Danger Zone" Kenny Loggins wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]
Day 4 Themes from Star Wars Space Center Intermediate Band wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]
Day 5 "Morning Colors" US Coast Guard Band wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]
Day 6 "Amarillo by Morning" George Strait wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]
Day 7 "Exultate Jubilate" Mozart wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]
Day 9 "Free Bird" Lynyrd Skynyrd wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ KSC, Lynda Warnock. "NASA - STS-96". Retrieved 15 June 2020.
  2. ^ "The International Lab in Space Helps Prepare for Life Beyond". American Association for the Advancement of Science. Retrieved 15 June 2020.
  3. ^ KSC, Lynda Warnock. "NASA - STS-96". Retrieved 15 June 2020.
  4. ^ a b Fries, Colin (25 June 2007). "Chronology of Wakeup Calls" (PDF). NASA. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 June 2010. Retrieved 13 August 2007.
  5. ^ NASA (11 May 2009). "STS-96 Wakeup Calls". NASA. Archived from the original on 19 May 2000. Retrieved 31 July 2009.

External linksEdit