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Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique

  (Redirected from SNEP)

The National Syndicate of Phonographic Publishing (French: Syndicat national de l'édition phonographique; SNEP) is the inter-professional organisation that protects the interests of the French record industry. Originally known under the acronym SNICOP,[1] the organisation was established in 1922 and has 48 member companies.

SNEP's responsibilities include collecting and distributing royalty payments for broadcast and performance, preventing copyright infringement of its members' works (including music piracy), and sales certification of silver, gold, platinum and diamond records and videos. SNEP also compiles weekly official charts of France's top-selling music, including singles and albums.

Official chartsEdit

HistoryEdit

The first attempt at a French national chart of best-selling records originated from a request by the American music industry magazine Billboard. The magazine's French correspondent, Eddie Adamis, compiled a top 10 list of the country's preferred format, the extended play (EP), for Billboard's "Hits of the World" column of 5 June 1961. The number 1 record was an Edith Piaf EP featuring the song "Non, je ne regrette rien". France's coverage in Billboard's "Hits of the World" continued until May 1964, when Adamis resigned from his position. The chart then resumed in June 1967, overseen by a new French correspondent, until SNICOP's involvement in late 1968. While the list continued to demonstrate the dominance of EPs, the English band Procol Harum succeeded in achieving the first French number 1 single, with their 1967 release "A Whiter Shade of Pale".[1]

SNICOP published its first national singles chart, or "Hit Parade Officiel", in October 1968, compiled by the Centre d'Information et de Documentation du Disque.[2] Earlier that year, with reference to the new chart compiler, Billboard had reported that "for the first time the main record companies are cooperating in an effort to produce a reliable sales chart which will serve the industry."[1] By July 1973, SNICOP had long been publishing a national albums chart.[2] These charts were abandoned in November 1977 due to disputes in the French music industry, leaving France without an official sales chart.[1]

The date recognised as the start of SNEP's charts in the modern era is 4 November 1984. This date marks the debut broadcast of Top 50, a television chart show on the recently launched Canal+ network.[1]

21st century methodologyEdit

Since September 2002, the official charts have been as follows:

  • Top 100 best sold singles
  • Top 150 best sold albums ("nouveautés") sold at full price,
  • Top 40 best compilations ("nouveautés") sold at full price
  • Top 40 best sold albums and compilations ("long" format) sold at mid-price or budget price

Criterion: The following guidelines are applied:

  • "Nouveauté" album means its first day of release is less than 2 years
  • Full price album means the catalogue price of album sold is €10 or higher
  • The albums whose release is more than 2 years and/or sale price lower than €10 are excluded from the "nouveauté" charts.
  • The albums sold at "mid-price" or "budget price" are classified in a separate chart and also includes long albums sold at discounted prices.

Certification awardsEdit

AlbumsEdit

Time of issue[3] Certifications Until 30 Oct 1988 Until 30 Jun 2006[4][Note] From 1 Jul 2006 to 30 Jun 2009[4][Notes] From 1 Jul 2009 to present[5]
1999 Silver Unchanged 50,000 35,000 Suppressed
1 Jan 1973 Gold Unchanged 100,000 75,000 50,000
1988 2× Gold Unchanged 200,000 Suppressed N/A
1 May 1980 Platinum 400,000[3] 300,000 200,000 100,000
1 Nov 1988 2× Platinum N/A 600,000 400,000 200,000
1 Nov 1988 3× Platinum N/A 900,000 600,000 300,000
1 Nov 1988 Diamond Unchanged 1,000,000 750,000 500,000

^ Note: While the source provided for changes in certification-levels does not mention the changes for the silver, 2× Gold, 2× Platinum and 3× Platinum awards, the SNEP reduced the levels for those awards at the same time it reduced the levels for the Gold, Platinum and Diamond awards.

SinglesEdit

Sales onlyEdit

Time of issue[6] Certifications Until 30 Oct 1988 From 1 Nov 1988 to 28 Feb 1991 From 1 Mar 1991 to 30 Apr 2005 1 May 2005 to 30 Jun 2009 From 1 Jul 2009 to 17 Mar 2013[5] From Mar 2013 to Jan 2016[7]
1 July 1985 Silver 250,000 200,000 125,000 100,000 Suppressed N/A
1 January 1973 Gold 500,000 400,000 250,000 200,000 150,000 75,000
1 May 1980 Platinum 1,000,000 800,000 500,000 300,000 250,000 150,000
2 January 1997 Diamond Unchanged Unchanged 750,000[Note] 500,000 400,000 250,000

^ Note: Diamond-award represented 750,000 units from 2 January 1997 until 30 April 2005.

Sales + streamingEdit

Time of issue[8] Certifications From Jan 2016 to Apr 2018[8][Note] Since 27 Apr 2018[9][Note]
January 2016 Gold 10,000,000 streams
== 66,666 units
15,000,000 streams
== 100,000 units
Platinum 20,000,000 streams
== 133,333 units
30,000,000 streams
== 200,000 units
Diamond 35,000,000 streams
== 233,333 units
50,000,000 streams
== 333,333 units

^ Note: The SNEP originally converts digital downloads into streaming figures using a 1 download = 150 streams formula. "==" indicates the units equivalent of certifications with the (downloads + (streams / 150)) formula.

VideosEdit

Time of issue[10] Certifications Before Jul 1, 2009 After Jul 1, 2009[5]
1989 Gold 10,000 7,500
Platinum 20,000 15,000
2× Platinum 40,000 30,000
3× Platinum 60,000 45,000
Diamond 100,000 60,000

Sales charts: Significant milestones and achievementsEdit

Taken from lescharts.com.[11]

Artists: Most number-one hitsEdit

Number Artist Songs
18 Mylène Farmer "Pourvu qu'elles soient douces", "Désenchantée", "XXL", "Slipping Away (Crier la vie)", "Dégénération", "Appelle mon numéro", "Si j'avais au moins...", "C'est dans l'air", "Sextonik", "Oui mais... non", "Bleu noir", "Lonely Lisa", "À l'ombre", "Stolen Car", "City of Love", "Rolling Stone", "Libertine", "N'oublie pas"
6 Céline Dion "Pour que tu m'aimes encore", "Je sais pas", "My Heart Will Go On", "Sous le vent", "Et s'il n'en restait qu'une (je serais celle-là)", "Encore un soir"
Johnny Hallyday "Tous ensemble", "Marie", "Mon plus beau Noël", "La Loi du silence", "Ça n'finira jamais", "Je te promets"
Rihanna "Don't Stop the Music", "Man Down", "We Found Love", "Diamonds", "The Monster", "Work"
5 Michaël Youn1 "Stach Stach", "Le Frunkp", "Fous ta cagoule", "Mauvaise foi nocturne", "Parle à ma main"
Lady Gaga "Poker Face", "Bad Romance", "Perfect Illusion", "Shallow", "Always Remember Us This Way"
Shakira "Whenever, Wherever", "Hips Don't Lie", "Beautiful Liar", "Waka Waka (This Time for Africa)", "Je l'aime à mourir"
4 Daft Punk "One More Time", "Get Lucky", "Starboy", "I Feel It Coming"
David Guetta "Gettin' Over You" , "Sweat", "Dangerous", "This One's for You"
Elton John "Sacrifice", "Don't Let the Sun Go Down on Me", "Can You Feel the Love Tonight", "Something About the Way You Look Tonight / Candle in the Wind 1997"
Garou "Belle", "Seul", "Sous le vent", "La Rivière de notre enfance"
Indochine "J'ai demandé à la lune", "La vie est belle", "Un été français", "Station 13"
Maître Gims "J'me tire", "Game Over", "La même", "Bella ciao"
Pharrell Williams "Get Lucky", "Blurred Lines", "Happy", "Feels"
Stromae "Alors on danse", "Papaoutai", "Formidable", "Tous les mêmes"
3 Adele "Someone Like You", "Skyfall", "Hello"
Beyoncé Beautiful Liar”, “Runnin' (Lose It All)”, “Perfect
Britney Spears "...Baby One More Time", "Womanizer", "Scream & Shout"
Crazy Frog "Axel F", "Popcorn", "We Are the Champions (Ding a Dang Dong)"
Florent Pagny "N'importe quoi", "Savoir aimer", "Ma liberté de penser"
François Feldman "Les Valses de Vienne", "Petit Frank", "Joy"
Madonna "La Isla Bonita", "Don't Cry for Me Argentina", "Hung Up"
Michael Jackson "Black or White", "You Are Not Alone", "You Rock My World"
Tragédie "Hey Oh", "Sexy pour moi", "Gentleman"

1 All the singles recorded under one of his pseudonyms or as member of his bands are included

Artists: Most weeks at number oneEdit

Weeks Artist Details by songs1
40 Céline Dion 12 ("Pour que tu m'aimes encore") + 7 ("Je sais pas") + 13 ("My Heart Will Go on") + 3 ("Sous le vent") + 1 ("Et s'il n'en restait qu'une (je serai celle-là)") + 4 ("Encore un soir")
30 Pharrell Williams 6 ("Blurred Lines") + 22 ("Happy") + 2 ("Feels")
37 Garou 18 ("Belle") + 3 ("Sous le vent") + 11 ("Seul") + 5 ("La Rivière de notre enfance")
Michael Youn2 10 ("Stach Stach") + 7 ("Le Frunkp") + 8 ("Fous ta cagoule") + 5 ("Mauvaise foi nocturne") + 7 ("Parle à ma main")
36 Mylène Farmer 5 ("Pourvu qu'elles soient douces") + 9 ("Désenchantée") + 1 ("XXL") + 1 ("Slipping Away (Crier la vie)") + 1 ("Dégénération") + 1 ("Appelle mon numéro") + 1 ("Si j'avais au moins...") + 1 ("C'est dans l'air") + 1 ("Sextonik") + 3 ("Oui mais...Non") + 1 ("Bleu Noir") + 1 ("Lonely Lisa") + 1 ("À l'ombre") + 2 ("Stolen Car") + 1 ("City of Love") + 2 ("Rolling Stone") + 1 ("Libertine") + 3 ("N'oublie pas")
26 Elton John 3 ("Sacrifice") + 7 ("Don't Let the Sun Go Down on Me") + 10 ("Can You Feel the Love Tonight") + 6 ("Something About the Way You Look Tonight" / "Candle in the Wind 1997")
25 Crazy Frog 13 ("Axel F") + 7 ("Popcorn") + 5 ("We Are the Champions (Ding a Dang Dong)")
23 Ed Sheeran 15 ("Shape of You") + 8 ("Perfect")
Florent Pagny 8 ("N'importe quoi") + 9 ("Savoir aimer") + 6 ("Ma Liberté de penser")
21 Adele 4 ("Someone like you") + 6 ("Skyfall") + 11 ("Hello")
Stromae 10 ("Alors on danse") + 4 ("Papaoutai") + 6 ("Formidable") + 1 ("Tous les mêmes")
20 Jordy 15 ("Dur dur d'être bébé") + 5 ("Alison")
Lou Bega 20 ("Mambo n°5 (a Little Bit of...)")
Patrick Fiori 18 ("Belle") + 2 ("4 Mots sur un piano")
Shakira 4 ("Whenever, Wherever") + 1 ("Hips Don't Lie") + 2 ("Beautiful Liar") + 6 ("Waka Waka [This Time for Africa]") + 7 ("Je l'aime à mourir")

1 Songs performed as duets and trios are included
2 Songs performed within Brastisla Boys and Fatal Bazooka bands and as Alphonse Brown included

Artists: Most top 10 hitsEdit

Artist Number
Mylène Farmer 54
Johnny Hallyday 36
David Guetta 26
Madonna 22
Rihanna 22
Booba 20
Michael Jackson 19
Lady Gaga 17
Maître Gims 17
Celine Dion 17
Jean-Jacques Goldman 14
Britney Spears 13
Shakira 11

Artists: Most top 50 entriesEdit

Artist Number
Johnny Hallyday 78
Mylène Farmer 60
Madonna 59
David Guetta 51
Rihanna 37
Michael Jackson 36
Celine Dion 35

Songs: Most weeks at number oneEdit

Weeks Song Artist Year
22 "Happy" Pharrell Williams 2013
20 "Mambo nº 5 (A Little Bit of...)" Lou Bega 1999
18 "Belle" Daniel Lavoie, Patrick Fiori & Garou 1998
"Despacito" Luis Fonsi & Daddy Yankee 2017
17 "Les Rois du monde (Roméo et Juliette)" Philippe D'Avilla, Damien Sargue & Grégori Baquet 2000
16 "7 Seconds" Youssou N'Dour & Neneh Cherry 1994
15 "Dur dur d'être bébé!" Jordy 1992
"Living on My Own" Freddie Mercury 1993
"Ces Soirées-là" Yannick 2000
"Dragostea Din Tei" O-Zone 2004
"Un Monde Parfait" Ilona Mitrecey 2005
"Prayer in C" Lilly Wood and the Prick 2014
"Shape of You" Ed Sheeran 2017
13 "Les Démons de minuit" Images 1986
"Viens boire un p'tit coup à la maison" Licence IV 1987
"Gangsta's Paradise" Coolio (feat. L.V.) 1995
"Freed from Desire" Gala 1997
"My Heart Will Go On" Céline Dion 1998
"Axel F" Crazy Frog 2005
"Mignon Mignon" René la Taupe 2010

Songs: Biggest jump to number oneEdit

Position Song Artist Date
97 "Lonely Lisa" Mylène Farmer July 9, 2011
70 "Relax, Take It Easy" Mika July 7, 2007
67 "Hung Up" Madonna November 12, 2005
64 "Baila morena" Zucchero February 25, 2006
64 "Gettin' Over You" David Guetta & Chris Willis (feat. Fergie & LMFAO) June 19, 2010
60 "Zidane y va marquer" Cauet July 15, 2006
49 "The Ketchup Song (Aserejé)" Las Ketchup September 14, 2002
47 "Nolwenn Ohwo!" Nolwenn Leroy January 28, 2006
26 "Spaceman" Babylon Zoo March 9, 1996
21 "Don't Cry for Me Argentina" Madonna January 25, 1997

Songs: Most weeks in the top 10Edit

Weeks Song Artist Year
37 "Happy" Pharrell Williams 2013
36 "Shape of You" Ed Sheeran 2017
35 "Chandelier" Sia 2014
31 "Pour que tu m'aimes encore" Céline Dion 1995
"Belle" Patrick Fiori, Garou & Daniel Lavoie 1998
"Moi... Lolita" Alizée 2000
30 "L'Envie d'aimer" Daniel Lévi 2000
"This Girl" Kungs & Cookin' on 3 Burners 2016
29 "I Feel It Coming" Daft Punk & The Weeknd 2016
"Despacito" Luis Fonsi & Daddy Yankee 2017
28 "Un Monde parfait" Ilona Mitrecey 2005
"Tired of Being Sorry (Laisse le destin l'emporter)" Enrique Iglesias & Nâdiya 2008
"Prayer in C" Lilly Wood and the Prick & Robin Schulz 2010
"Human" Rag'n'Bone Man 2016
27 "Ça m'énerve" Helmut Fritz 2009
"Formidable" Stromae 2013

Sales and streaming charts: Significant milestones and achievementsEdit

Songs: Most weeks at number oneEdit

Weeks Song Artist Year
15 "Shape of You" Ed Sheeran 2017
13 "Despacito" Luis Fonsi featuring Daddy Yankee 2017
11 "Réseaux" Niska 2017

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "The French charts are celebrating their 33rd anniversary. Or is it their 56th?". muzhit.com. 4 August 2017. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  2. ^ a b "An Industry Report on France". Billboard. 14 July 1973. p. 42. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  3. ^ a b "Les Certifications Officielles: Chronologie Albums". Info Disc. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
  4. ^ a b France Lowers Gold Standard. Billboard magazine. 2006-07-26. Retrieved 2011-09-26.
  5. ^ a b c "Disque en France: Les Certifications" (in French). Disque en France Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. Archived from the original on January 15, 2013. Retrieved 2013-03-18.CS1 maint: unfit url (link)
  6. ^ "Les Certifications Officielles: Chronologie Singles". Info Disc. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
  7. ^ "SNEP: Les Disques d'Or" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. Archived from the original on October 17, 2013. Retrieved 2014-02-22.CS1 maint: unfit url (link)
  8. ^ a b "Les certifications - SNEP". SNEP (in French). 2015-02-18. Retrieved 2017-08-26.
  9. ^ "Les Tops et certifications : la valeur comme nouveau dénominateur commun". SNEP (in French). 2018-04-25. Retrieved 2018-04-25.
  10. ^ "InfoDisc: Les Certifications 2007: Critères d'attribution depuis 1989 (Videos)" (in French). InfoDisc. Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
  11. ^ "lescharts.com - Les charts français". lescharts.com.

External linksEdit