S. Z. Sakall

Szőke Szakáll (born Jakab Grünwald, aka Gärtner Sándor and Gerő Jenő; 2 February 1883  – 12 February 1955), known in the English-speaking world as S. Z. Sakall, was a Hungarian-American stage and film character actor. He appeared in many films, including Casablanca (1942), in which he played Carl, the head waiter, Christmas in Connecticut (1945), In the Good Old Summertime (1949) and Lullaby of Broadway (1951). Sakall played numerous supporting roles in Hollywood musicals and comedies in the 1940s and 1950s. His rotund cuteness caused studio head Jack Warner to bestow on Sakall the nickname "Cuddles".

S. Z. Sakall
S.Z. Sakall in Small Town Girl trailer.jpg
from Small Town Girl (1953)
Born
Grünwald Jakab

(1883-02-02)2 February 1883
Died12 February 1955(1955-02-12) (aged 72)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Resting placeForest Lawn Memorial Park, Glendale
Other namesS.Z. "Cuddles" Sakall
Szőke Szakáll
Gerő Jenő
Jacob Gerő
Jacob Gero
Grünwald Jakab
Gärtner Sándor
OccupationActor
Years active1916–1954
Spouse(s)
Giza Grossner
(m. 1916; died 1918)

Anne Kardos
(m. 1920)

Early life and careerEdit

 
US Naturalization index record of SZ Sakall

Gerő Jenő (later transcribed in English as Jacob Gero)[1] was born in Budapest to a Jewish family.[2] During his schooldays, he wrote sketches for Budapest vaudeville shows under the pen name Szőke Szakáll, meaning "blond beard", in reference to his own beard, grown to make him look older, which he affected when, at the age of 18, he turned to acting. He became a United States citizen under the name of Jacob Gero ([a]ka Szőke Szakáll)[1]

The actor became a star of the Hungarian stage and screen in the 1910s and 1920s. At the beginning of the 1920s he moved to Vienna, where he appeared in Hermann Leopoldi's Kabarett Leopoldi-Wiesenthal. In the 1930s he was, next to Hans Moser, the most significant representative of Wiener Film, the Viennese light romantic comedy genre. He also appeared in Berlin. He appeared in Familientag im Hause Prellstein (1927), Ihre Majestät die Liebe (1929, which was remade in Hollywood as Her Majesty Love, with W.C. Fields in Sakall's role) and Two Hearts in Waltz Time (1930). For a brief period during this time, he ran his own production company.

The war yearsEdit

When the Nazis came to power in Germany in 1933, Sakall was forced to return to Hungary. He was involved in over 40 movies in his native land. When Hungary joined the Axis in 1940, he left for Hollywood with his wife. Many of Sakall's close relatives were later murdered in Nazi concentration camps, including all three of his sisters and a niece, as well as his wife's brother and sister.

Sakall began a Hollywood career that included "an endless succession of excitable theatrical impresarios, lovable European uncles and befuddled shopkeepers".[3] His first American film role was in the comedy It's a Date (1940) with Deanna Durbin. The first big hit of his American career was Ball of Fire (1941) with Gary Cooper and Barbara Stanwyck. Later, he signed a contract with Warner Bros., where he had a number of other small roles, including one in Yankee Doodle Dandy (1942) with James Cagney.

Later the same year, at the age of 59, he portrayed his best remembered character, Carl the head waiter in Casablanca (1942). Producer Hal B. Wallis signed Sakall for the role three weeks after filming had begun. When he was first offered the part, Sakall hated it and turned it down. Sakall finally agreed to take the role provided they gave him four weeks of work. The two sides eventually agreed on three weeks. He received $1,750 per week for a total of $5,250. He actually had more screen time than either Peter Lorre or Sydney Greenstreet.

Later careerEdit

Sakall appeared in 30 further movies, including Christmas in Connecticut (1945), reuniting with Barbara Stanwyck. Sakall appeared in four films released in 1948: the drama Embraceable You, followed by April Showers, Michael Curtiz's Romance on the High Seas (Doris Day's film debut), and Whiplash. He was in four top movies in 1949. First Sakall played Felix Hofer in Doris Day's second film, My Dream Is Yours. Later that year, he supported June Haver and Ray Bolger in Look for the Silver Lining. Next, he played Otto Oberkugen in In the Good Old Summertime, with Judy Garland and Van Johnson. This was a remake of Ernst Lubitsch's The Shop Around the Corner (1940). Finally, Sakall was given the principal role of songwriter Fred Fisher in Oh, You Beautiful Doll, though top billing went to June Haver.

Sakall appeared in nine more movies during the 1950s, two of them musicals with Doris Day, playing J. Maxwell Bloomhaus in Tea for Two (1950) and Adolph Hubbell in Lullaby of Broadway (1951). His other roles included: Poppa Schultz in the Errol Flynn western Montana (1950); Miklos Teretzky in the June Haver musical The Daughter of Rosie O'Grady (also 1950); Don Miguel in the Randolph Scott western Sugarfoot; Uncle Felix in the musical Painting the Clouds with Sunshine (1951) with Virginia Mayo, and one of the episodes in the movie It's a Big Country (also 1951) featuring Gene Kelly, Van Johnson, Gary Cooper, Janet Leigh, Fredric March and Ethel Barrymore. His last movie was The Student Prince (1954).

DeathEdit

Sakall died of a heart attack in Hollywood on 12 February 1955, shortly after filming The Student Prince, ten days after his 72nd birthday. He is buried in the Garden of Memory in Forest Lawn Memorial Park in Glendale, California.[4]

Partial filmographyEdit

Complete credits from 1940 on.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Paula (21 September 2012). "What A Character: S.Z. Sakall". Paulascinemaclub.com. Retrieved 9 February 2019.
  2. ^ Thomson, David (2017). Warner Bros: The Making of an American Movie Studio (Jewish Lives) (softcover) (first ed.). New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. p. 22. ISBN 978-0-300-19760-0.
  3. ^ Hal Erickson, Rovi. "S.Z. Sakall : Biography". Fandango.com. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  4. ^ S.Z. "Cuddles" Sakall at Find a Grave

BibliographyEdit

  • Sakall, S. Z. (1954). The Story of Cuddles: My Life under the Emperor Francis Joseph, Adolf Hitler and the Warner Brothers (hardcover). Translated by Tabori, Paul (First ed.). London: Cassell.

Further readingEdit

  • Alistair, Rupert (2018). "S. Z. Sakall". The Name Below the Title : 65 Classic Movie Character Actors from Hollywood's Golden Age (softcover) (First ed.). Great Britain: Independently published. pp. 234–236. ISBN 978-1-7200-3837-5.

External linksEdit