São Paulo Tramway, Light and Power Company

São Paulo Tramway, Light and Power Company, also known as Light São Paulo or simply Light (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈlajtʃ]), was a privately owned utility company operating in São Paulo, Brazil from 1899 until 1981.[1]

São Paulo Tramway, Light and Power Company
Light Serviços de Eletricidade S.A.
TypePrivate
FoundedToronto, Canada (April 7, 1899 (1899-04-07))
Defunct1981 (1981)
FateAcquired by Eletropaulo
SuccessorEletropaulo
Headquarters,
Brazil
Key people

HistoryEdit

Canadians William Mackenzie and Frederick Stark Pearson founded the São Paulo Tramway, Light and Power Company in 1899. In 1900 Light São Paulo began operating the first tram line in the city of São Paulo which ran to Barra Funda.[1]

 
Reservoir at Guarapiranga today

Work began in 1901 on the hydroelectric plant in Santana de Parnaíba. It opened in 1905.[1] In 1905 the company installed the first electric street lights on Rua Barão de Itapetininga. In 1906 the company constructed a reservoir at Guarapiranga. In 1907 they installed 50 more lights on Rua Direita, Rua 15 de Novembro, and Rua São Bento.[2]

The company signed a contract with the state of São Paulo for the first time in 1911. By 1916 they had installed 8,605 gas lights and 864 electric street lamps in the city.[2]

SuccessorsEdit

SPTL&P's tramways were acquired by Companhia Municipal de Transportes Coletivos in 1946, SPTL&P line disappeared in the early 1960s and eventually the city's remaining tram routes by 1968 with buses or trolleybuses.[3]

In 1916 the telephone companies merged to create the Companhia Telefônica Brasileira (CTB)[1] and now succeeded by what is now Telebrás.

During the 1930s, while Fábio da Silva Prado was mayor, electric light was brought to the rest of the city. This expansion continued under Prestes Maia in the following decades.[2]

In 1947 the utility companies were nationalized.[1]

In 1981 the city government under Mayor Paulo Maluf created Eletropaulo.[4]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "A história da Brookfield no Brasil". br.brookfield.com (in Portuguese). Brookfield Asset Management. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  2. ^ a b c "História da Iluminação". prefeitura.sp.gov.br (in Portuguese). Ilume - Departamento de Iluminação Pública. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  3. ^ "São Paulo (1)". www.tramz.com.
  4. ^ "Histórico Político". malufsp.com.br (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on 17 March 2012. Retrieved 11 January 2015.