Russian cross (religion)

Russian cross is a variation of the Christian cross with two crossbeams, of which the higher one is horizontal and longer, and the lower one is diagonal.[1]

Russian cross

At the Moscow church council in 1654 the patriarch Nikon of Moscow promoted the decision to replace the eight-pointed Orthodox cross (☦) with the six-pointed Russian cross, but that move combined with some other changes resulted in the raskol (schism) of the Russian Orthodox Church.[2] In the 19th century the Russian cross was used on the coat of arms of the Kherson Governorate in the Russian empire, where it was named the "Russian cross". In the Russian Orthodox Church, the inclination of the lower crossbar of the Russian Orthodox cross is viewed as the crossbar of the balance, one point of which is raised as a sign of the penitent thief. The other crucified thief, who blasphemed at Jesus Christ, is indicated by the lower point of the crossbar, tilted downward.[3]



  1. ^ Зайкоўскі, Эдвард (1999). "Крыж" [Cross]. In Пашкоў, Генадзь (ed.). Беларуская энцыклапедыя (in Belarusian). 8. Мінск: Беларуская энцыклапедыя імя Петруся Броўкі. p. 501. ISBN 985-11-0144-3. Retrieved 11 June 2018. рускі праваслаўны (з 2 перакладзінамі, верхняя гарыз. даўжэйшая, ніжняя дыяганальная)
  2. ^ Лоўчая, Наталля (29 August 2014). "Масцiшча – лясная вёска" [Maścišča is a forest village]. Newspaper "Працоўная слава" (in Belarusian). Valozhyn. Retrieved 11 June 2018. Стараверства не прызнала новаўвядзенняў рэформы, пры якой 8-канцовы крыж быў заменены на 6-канцовы
  3. ^ "Православные кресты: как разобраться в значениях" [The Orthodox crosses: how to understand the meanings]. Православие и мир (in Russian). Москва: АНО «Православие и Мир». 26 September 2011. Retrieved 11 June 2018.

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