Run Lola Run (German: Lola rennt, lit. "Lola Runs") is a 1998 German experimental thriller film written and directed by Tom Tykwer. The story follows a woman named Lola (Franka Potente) who needs to obtain 100,000 Deutschmarks in twenty minutes to save the life of her boyfriend Manni (Moritz Bleibtreu).

Run Lola Run
Original German release poster
Directed byTom Tykwer
Written byTom Tykwer
Produced byStefan Arndt
Narrated byHans Paetsch
CinematographyFrank Griebe
Edited byMathilde Bonnefoy
Music by
Distributed byProkino Filmverleih
Release date
  • 20 August 1998 (1998-08-20)
Running time
80 minutes[1]
Budget$1.75 million[2]
Box office$22.9 million[2]

Run Lola Run screened at the Venice Film Festival, where it competed for the Golden Lion.[3] Following its release, the film received critical acclaim and several accolades, including the Audience Award at the Sundance Film Festival, Best Film at the Seattle International Film Festival, and seven awards at the German Film Awards. It was also selected as the German entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 71st Academy Awards, though it was not ultimately nominated.[4][5]

Plot edit

The house in Albrechtstraße (Berlin-Mitte) where the three episodes begin

Manni, a bagman responsible for delivering 100,000 Deutschmarks, frantically calls his girlfriend Lola. Manni says that he was riding the U-Bahn to drop off the money and fled upon seeing ticket inspectors, before realizing that he had left the money bag behind; he saw a homeless man examining it as the train pulled away. Manni's boss Ronnie will kill him in 20 minutes unless he has the money, so he is preparing to rob a nearby Bolle [de] supermarket to replace the funds. Lola implores Manni to wait for her and decides to ask her father, a bank manager, for help.

Lola hangs up and runs down the staircase of her apartment building past a man with a dog. At the bank, her father is having a conversation with his mistress, who discloses her pregnancy. When Lola arrives, her conversation with her father turns into an argument. He tells her that he is leaving her mother and that Lola is not his biological daughter. Lola runs to meet Manni but arrives too late and sees him entering the supermarket with a gun. She helps him rob 100,000 marks but on leaving, they find it surrounded by police. Surrendering, Manni throws the money bag into the air, which startles a police officer who accidentally shoots Lola dead.

Events restart from the moment Lola leaves the house. This time, the man with the dog trips her with his leg, and now she runs with a limp and arrives late to the bank, allowing her father's mistress to add that he is not the father of her unborn child. A furious Lola overhears the conversation, grabs a security guard's gun, holds her father hostage and robs the bank of 100,000 marks. When police mistake her for a bystander, she is able to leave and meet with Manni in time but a speeding ambulance that Lola had distracted moments earlier fatally runs him over.

Events begin again. Lola leaps over the man and his dog, arriving at the bank earlier but not triggering an auto accident as she did the first two times. Consequently, her father's colleague arrives before her and takes him away from the office. Lola now wanders aimlessly before entering a casino, where she hands over all her cash and plays roulette with a 100-mark chip. She bets it on the number 20, which wins. Roulette pays 35 to 1, so she wins 3,500 more marks, which she immediately adds to her original chip on 20. She now shrilly screams, and 20 comes up again. She leaves with a bag containing 129,600 marks and runs to Manni's rendezvous. Manni spots the homeless man from the subway passing by on a bicycle with the money bag. Manni steals back the bag at gunpoint, exchanging his gun. A dishevelled and perspiring Lola arrives to witness Manni handing off the money to Ronnie. As the pair walk along, Manni casually asks Lola about her bag.

Cast edit

Themes edit

The film touches on themes such as free will vs. determinism, the role of chance in people's destiny, and obscure cause-effect relationships. Through brief flash-forward sequences of still images, Lola's fleeting interactions with bystanders are revealed to have surprising and drastic effects on their future lives, serving as concise illustrations of chaos theory's butterfly effect, in which minor, seemingly inconsequential variations in any interaction can blossom into much wider results than is often recognized. The film's exploration of the relationship between chance and conscious intention comes to the foreground in the casino scene, where Lola appears to defy the laws of chance through sheer force of will, improbably making the roulette ball land on her winning number with the help of a glass-shattering scream.[6][7]

The thematic exploration of free will vs. determinism is made clear from the start. In the film's brief prologue, an unseen narrator asks a series of rhetorical questions that prime the audience to view the film through a metaphysical lens touching on traditional philosophical questions involving determinism vs. philosophic libertarianism as well as epistemology. The theme is reinforced through the repeated appearance of a blind woman who briefly interacts with Manni in each alternative reality, and seems to have supernatural understandings of both the present and potential futures in those realities. The film ultimately seems to favor a compatibilist philosophical view to the free will question as evidenced by the casino scene and by the final telephone booth scene in which the blind woman redirects Manni's attention to a passerby, which enables him to make an important choice near the film's climax.[8]

Several moments in the film allude to a supernatural awareness of the characters. For example, in the first reality, Manni shows a nervous Lola how to use a gun by removing the safety, while in the second timeline she removes the safety as though she remembers what to do. This suggests that she might have the memory of the events depicted in the previous timeline. Also, the bank's guard says to Lola "you finally came" in the third timeline, as if he remembered Lola's appearances in the previous two.[9][10]

The theme of desire is expressed through the film as a driving force for Lola's actions. In Ingebord Majer O'Sickey's essay "Whatever Lola Wants, Lola Gets (Or Does She?): Time and Desire in Tom Tykwer's Run Lola Run" she argues that "what Lola really wants is to get into time sync with Manni in sexual terms". The conflict in the plot is driven by the initial phone conversation following Lola being late, leading to their timing to be out of sync. After the end of the first "episode", the bedside questioning by Lola reveals her dissatisfaction with the relationship, leading Manni to ask "Do you want to leave me?". O'Sickey makes the argument that each repeated return to the day is driven by Lola's continual attempt to adjust Manni's timing. The entirety of the film portrays Lola as "postmodern heroine who could leap over traditional time-constraints" giving the expectation that she ultimately would get what she wants. By the third arrival in the film, O'Sickey argues that "Lola not only loses her super heroine status, but her desire to desire". She claims the ending portrays "the tradition of classical Hollywood cinema's economy of desire". With Manni having reacquired the money, Lola's desire to be "in sync" disappears as she watches Manni's "metamorphosis from a bungling and fairly ineffective lover to a man in control of the situation". O'Sickey makes the claim that this deflates Lola's heroine status in the final act.[11]

Allusions to earlier films edit

The film has drawn numerous comparisons to Polish director Krzysztof Kieślowski's Blind Chance (1982), which also features three scenarios, the outcome of which depends on split-second timing.[12][13][14][15] After Kieślowski's death, Tykwer would go on to direct his planned next film, Heaven.

Run Lola Run features two allusions to Alfred Hitchcock's film Vertigo. Like that film, it features recurring images of spirals, such as the Spirale bar behind Manni's phone box, the spiral staircase down which Lola runs and the spirals on the bedsheet. In addition, the painting on the back wall of the casino of a woman's head seen from behind is based on a shot in Vertigo: Tykwer disliked the empty space on the wall behind the roulette table and commissioned production designer Alexander Manasse to paint a picture of Kim Novak as she appeared in Vertigo. Manasse could not remember what she looked like in the film; therefore, he decided to paint the famous shot of the back of her head. The painting took fifteen minutes to complete.[16] The bed sheets in the red scenes also feature spiral designs which add to the allusion.[17]

The Lola character is often compared to the Lara Croft character of the 1996 video game Tomb Raider.[18][19][20][21][15]

Coincidentally, the film Sliding Doors (also released in 1998) follows two timelines which diverge based on a seemingly minor decision: one in which the protagonist hesitates for a fellow pedestrian, and the delay causes her to miss a subway train; and another where she sidesteps the pedestrian and catches the train.[12]

Production edit

Soundtrack edit

The soundtrack of the film, by Tykwer, Johnny Klimek, and Reinhold Heil, includes numerous musical quotations of the sustained string chords of The Unanswered Question, an early 20th-century chamber ensemble work by American composer Charles Ives. In the original work, the chords are meant to represent "the Silences of the Druids—who Know, See and Hear Nothing."

The techno soundtrack established dialectical relation between motives of the movie: Rhythm, Repetition, and Interval among various spatio-temporal logics. This produces unification of contradictions like Time and Space or The cyclical and the linear.[22]

Filming locations edit

Run Lola Run was filmed in and around Berlin, Germany.[23]

Reception edit

Critical reception edit

A former Bolle [de] supermarket in Berlin-Charlottenburg, which served as the filming location for Manni's and Lola's robbery.

As of January 2021, the review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reports that 93% of critics gave the film positive reviews based on 83 reviews, with an average rating of 7.70/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "More fun than a barrel of Jean-Paul Sartre, pic's energy riffs on an engaging love story and really human performances while offering a series of what-ifs and a blood-stirring soundtrack."[24] On Metacritic, the film has an average score of 77 out of 100, based on 29 reviews, stating the film as having "generally favourable reviews".[25]

In contrasting reviews, Film Threat's Chris Gore said of the film, "[It] delivers everything great foreign films should—action, sex, compelling characters, clever filmmaking, it's unpretentious (a requirement for me) and it has a story you can follow without having to read those annoying subtitles. I can't rave about this film enough—this is passionate filmmaking at its best. One of the best foreign films, heck, one of the best films I have seen", while Jonathan Rosenbaum of The Chicago Reader stated, "About as entertaining as a no-brainer can be—a lot more fun, for my money, than a cornball theme-park ride like Speed, and every bit as fast moving. But don't expect much of an aftertaste."[26][27]

Box office edit

The film was the highest-grossing German film released in 1998 with a gross of $13.8 million.[28] It grossed $7.3 million in the United States and Canada and $22.9 million worldwide.[2]

Accolades edit

The film was nominated for dozens of awards, including the BAFTA Award for Best Film Not in the English Language. It won several, including the Audience Award at the Sundance Film Festival, Best Film at the Seattle International Film Festival, and seven separate awards at the German Film Awards. Lola Rennt was ranked number 86 in Empire magazine's "The 100 Best Films Of World Cinema" in 2010. It was also nominated for the Golden Lion at the 55th Venice Film Festival,[3] and a European Film Award in 1998.[29]

Run Lola Run was selected as the German entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 71st Academy Awards, but not ultimately nominated.[4][5]

Home media edit

The film was released on DVD on 21 December 1999 and on Blu-ray on 19 February 2008.

Legacy edit

The music video for "It's My Life" by Bon Jovi, released in 2000, was inspired by the film.[30] The music video for "Ocean Avenue" by Yellowcard is also seen by some to have been inspired by the film, as is the opening scene of Buffy The Vampire Slayer episode "Beneath You", where a pink-haired girl is seen running through a German street to techno music reminiscent of the movie.[31]

The music video for "Happy Homemaker" by Canadian singer Melanie Doane is also an homage to the film.

The film was the initial inspiration for the three-day cycle in The Legend of Zelda: Majora's Mask, a video game also released in 2000.[32]

The movie has been referenced in various animated series, including the 2001 The Simpsons episode "Trilogy of Error",[33] the 2011 Phineas and Ferb episode "Run, Candace, Run",[34] and a 2021 Pinky and the Brain segment of Animaniacs called "Run Pinky Run".

The series SMILF includes a 2017 episode ("Run, Bridgette, Run or Forty-Eight Burnt Cupcakes & Graveyard Rum") which references the film.[35] The music video for "Walk Me to the Bridge" (2014) by Manic Street Preachers directly references the movie.[36]

Remake edit

A Hindi remake titled Looop Lapeta was released on Netflix on 4 February 2022.[37]

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Run Lola Run (15)". British Board of Film Classification. 21 June 1999. Archived from the original on 7 December 2021. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  2. ^ a b c "Run Lola Run". The Numbers. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 24 June 2015.
  3. ^ a b "55th Venice Film Festival 1998 - FilmAffinity". FilmAffinity. Archived from the original on 28 October 2017. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  4. ^ a b Margaret Herrick Library, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
  5. ^ a b "45 Countries Submit Films for Oscar Consideration". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. 19 November 1998. Archived from the original on 19 February 1999. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
  6. ^ Hubber, Duncan (13 May 2010). "Run Lola Run (film essay)". Slam Dunk Studios. Archived from the original on 3 August 2016. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
  7. ^ Saporito, Jeff (8 June 2015). "How does "Run Lola Run" demonstrate chaos theory's butterfly effect?". Screen Prism. Archived from the original on 1 July 2016. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
  8. ^ Ganesan, Prasanna. "Chance, chaos and coincidence". Stanford University. Archived from the original on 14 April 2016. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
  9. ^ "Run Lola Run". Review Essays. Archived from the original on 24 June 2016. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
  10. ^ Milton, Joshua (6 December 2012). "Summary — Run Lola Run (Lola Rennt)". Archived from the original on 12 October 2016. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
  11. ^ O'Sickey, Ingeborg (27 October 2010). "Whatever Lola Wants, Lola Gets (Or Does She?): Time and Desire in Tom Tykwer's Run Lola Run". Quarterly Review of Film and Video. 19 (2): 123–131. doi:10.1080/10509200214827. S2CID 192177461. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  12. ^ a b D'Angelo, Mike (6 September 2015). "It's like Sliding Doors, only political and made by the director of Three Colors". The A.V. Club. Archived from the original on 8 November 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2021.
  13. ^ Lim, Dennis (21 September 2015). "Blind Chance: The Conditional Mood". The Criterion Collection. Archived from the original on 18 April 2021. Retrieved 20 March 2021.
  14. ^ Ng, Yvonne (Fall 2005). "Fate and Choice in Kieślowski's Blind Chance". University of Waterloo. Archived from the original on 31 August 2021. Retrieved 20 March 2021.
  15. ^ a b Woodward, Steven, ed. (2009). "7. Just Gaming? Kieślowski's Blind Chance, Tykwer's Run Lola Run, and a note on Heaven". After Kieślowski. Contemporary Film and Television Series - Contemporary approaches to film and television series (illustrated ed.). Wayne State University Press. p. 113. ISBN 978-0-81433326-6. Archived from the original on 8 April 2023. Retrieved 3 June 2022. (247 pages)
  16. ^ Tom Tykwer, commentary on the DVD edition of the film.
  17. ^ Lewy, Jessica (4 February 2015). "Run Lola Run and Vertigo". Lafayette College. Archived from the original on 19 June 2016. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
  18. ^ Mann, Douglas (3 June 2022). "Play Lara Play, Run Lola Run: Reflections on Postmodern Comic Book and Video Game Culture". Archived from the original on 27 November 2020. Retrieved 3 June 2022.
  19. ^ Jekubzik, Günter H. "Lola rennt" (in German). Archived from the original on 14 May 2021. Retrieved 3 June 2022.
  20. ^ Mesch, Claudia (2000). "Racing Berlin - The Games of Run Lola Run". M/C Journal. 3 (3). doi:10.5204/mcj.1845. ISSN 1441-2616. Archived from the original on 3 June 2022. Retrieved 3 June 2022.
  21. ^ "Interviews, Reviews & Analysis: Run Lola Run". Puzzle Films (in German). Archived from the original on 3 June 2022. Retrieved 3 June 2022.
  22. ^ Puzzle films: complex storytelling in contemporary cinema, by Warren Buckland, Wiley-Blackwell, 2009, pages 137–138
  23. ^ Flippo, Hyde. "Run Lola Run Berlin Locations, Photos". German language. Dotdash. Archived from the original on 2 December 2002. Retrieved 30 March 2018.
  24. ^ "Run Lola Run". Rotten Tomatoes. Archived from the original on 20 January 2021. Retrieved 24 January 2021.
  25. ^ "Run Lola Run (1999): Reviews". Metacritic. Archived from the original on 6 July 2008. Retrieved 21 September 2008.
  26. ^ Gore, Chris (28 June 1999). "RUN LOLA RUN". Film Threat. Archived from the original on 3 March 2009. Retrieved 21 September 2008.
  27. ^ "Run Lola Run: Capsule by Jonathan Rosenbaum". Chicago Reader. Archived from the original on 4 March 2009. Retrieved 21 September 2008.
  28. ^ Peter Cowie, ed. (1999). The Variety Almanac 1999. Boxtree Ltd. p. 50. ISBN 0-7522-2454-9.
  29. ^ "European Film Academy : 1998". (in German). Archived from the original on 2 May 2019. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  30. ^ Alex Gernandt: Bon Jovi, 2. edition, Goldmann, München 2001, ISBN 3-442-42851-3, p 261
  31. ^ Rouner, Jeff (11 November 2011). "Yellowcard Talks Lineup Changes, Growing As A Band, And Going Acoustic". Houston Press. Archived from the original on 21 October 2020. Retrieved 9 May 2018. Yellowcard's, "Ocean Avenue" was the final good video we saw on the channel. We were intrigued by what we were pretty sure was an homage to Run Lola Run, and that of course is awesome.
  32. ^ Lamoreux, Ben (12 November 2014). "Aonuma Reveals the Inspiration for Majora's Mask". Archived from the original on 20 January 2015. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
  33. ^ Canning, Robert (11 August 2008). "The Simpsons Flashback: "Trilogy of Error" Review". IGN. Retrieved 14 May 2017.
  34. ^ "Run, Candace, Run/Last Train to Bustville". IMDb. Archived from the original on 10 February 2017. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
  35. ^ "Run, Bridgette, Run or Forty-Eight Burnt Cupcakes & Graveyard Rum". IMDb. Archived from the original on 8 March 2021. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
  36. ^ "Manic Street Preachers – "Walk Me to the Bridge" from 'Futurology' (video)". PopMatters. Archived from the original on 15 May 2021. Retrieved 15 May 2021.
  37. ^ "Looop Lapeta: Taapsee Pannu, Tahir Raj Bhasin starrer to release in October". India TV. 9 March 2021. Archived from the original on 16 March 2021. Retrieved 15 March 2021.

External links edit