Rudraprayag

Rudraprayag is a town and a municipality in Rudraprayag district in the Indian state of Uttarakhand. Rudraprayag is one of the Panch Prayag (five confluences) of Alaknanda River, the point of confluence of rivers Alaknanda and Mandakini. Kedarnath, a Hindu holy town is located 86 km from Rudraprayag. The man-eating Leopard of Rudraprayag hunted and written about by Jim Corbett dwelled here.

Rudraprayag
Town
Confluence of Alaknanda (bottom, from right) and Mandakini River (flowing from top - North) at Rudraprayag. Before 17 June 2013, there was a footbridge (jhula) over the Mandakini; this was washed away in the 2013 Uttarakhand floods. The stones at the bottom of the stairs were not there; instead, there was a viewing platform, and a large rock called Narad Shila.
Confluence of Alaknanda (bottom, from right) and Mandakini River (flowing from top - North) at Rudraprayag. Before 17 June 2013, there was a footbridge (jhula) over the Mandakini; this was washed away in the 2013 Uttarakhand floods. The stones at the bottom of the stairs were not there; instead, there was a viewing platform, and a large rock called Narad Shila.
Nickname(s): 
RPG
Rudraprayag is located in Uttarakhand
Rudraprayag
Rudraprayag
Location in Uttarakhand, India
Rudraprayag is located in India
Rudraprayag
Rudraprayag
Rudraprayag (India)
Coordinates: 30°17′N 78°59′E / 30.28°N 78.98°E / 30.28; 78.98Coordinates: 30°17′N 78°59′E / 30.28°N 78.98°E / 30.28; 78.98
Country India
State Uttarakhand
DistrictRudraprayag
Elevation
690 m (2,260 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total9,313
Languages
 • OfficialHindi, Garhwali
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
246171
Vehicle registrationUK-13
Websiterudraprayag.nic.in
[1]
Devprayag Ganga's birthplace - Confluence of Alaknanda & Bhagirathi

GeographyEdit

Rudraprayag district is located at 30°17′N 78°59′E / 30.28°N 78.98°E / 30.28; 78.98.[1] It has an average elevation of 895 metres (2,936 feet).

Many of the newer buildings and particularly the Sangam (confluence) area was severely damaged in the 2013 Uttarakhand floods. A footbridge over the Mandakini river, and also a road bridge six km downstream at Raitoli was washed away. The layout of the Sangam has altered significantly. The road along the Mandakini valley, leading to Kedarnath, was damaged at many points.

DemographicsEdit

2011 census population of Rudraprayag city is 9,313, of which 5,240 are males while 4,073 are females. Female Sex Ratio of Rudraprayag is 777 against a state average of 963. Moreover, the Child Sex Ratio in Rudraprayag is around 803 compared to the Uttarakhand state average of 890. The literacy rate of Rudraprayag city is 89.42% higher than the state average of 78.82%. In Rudraprayag, Male literacy is around 93.43%, while the female literacy rate is 84.24%.[2]

Hinduism is Practised by 95.16% of the total population and is the majority religion of Rudraprayag. Islam is practiced by 4.37% of people and is the largest minority religion. Other religions like , Christianity by 0.29%, Sikhism by 0.02%, Buddhism by 0.01% of people. Hindi and Sanskrit are the official languages of the state while Garhwali is the mother tongue of the majority.

How to reachEdit

AirEdit

The nearest airport is the Jolly Grant Airport near Dehradun 183 km (114 mi) away. While the nearest international airport is Indira Gandhi International Airport, New Delhi.

RailwayEdit

The nearest railway station is at Rishikesh. However, Rishikesh is a small railway station not connected by fast trains. Haridwar railway junction, 24 km farther from Rishikesh, has train connections to most of the major cities in India and is, therefore, the railhead for Rudraprayag.

RoadEdit

Rudraprayag lies on national highway NH58 that connects Delhi with Badrinath and Mana Pass in Uttarakhand near the Indo-Tibet border. Therefore, all buses and vehicles that carry pilgrims from New Delhi to Badrinath, via Haridwar and Rishikesh, in the pilgrimage season of summer months, pass through Rudraprayag on the way to Joshimath, and further north. Rishikesh is a starting point for road journeys to Rudraprayag, and regular buses operate from Rishikesh bus station to Rudraprayag. The road distance from Rishikesh to Rudraprayag is 141 km (88 mi) via Devprayag and Srinagar.

  • Haridwar to Rishikesh 24 km
  • Rishikesh to Devprayag 74 km
  • Devprayag to Srinagar 34 km
  • Srinagar to Rudraprayag 33 km
 
End of footbridge over the Mandakini river that was washed away on June 17, 2013.

Places nearbyEdit

Rudranath Temple Rudraprayag is named after Lord Shiva, and the temple of lord Rudranath is situated at the confluence of the Alaknanda and Mandakini rivers. According to mythology Narada Muni worshiped god Shiva here to learn music from him. The god then taught him music in his form of Rudra (Lord of Music). There used to be a rock called Narad Shila, where Narada is said to have sat in meditation.

Dhari Devi Mandir is situated at Kalyasaur in between Srinagar and Rudraprayag. Distance between Srinagar-Dhari Devi and Dhari Devi-Rudraprayag is 16 km and 20 km, respectively. One can reach here with no trouble by taxi or bus from Srinagar and Rudraprayag.

Chamunda Devi Temple Chamunda Devi temple is also situated at the confluence of the holy rivers ( Alaknanda & Mandakini). Chamunda as the wife of Lord Rudra is worshiped here.

Koteshwar Koti means crore (10 Million), and Ishwar means god, is again a temple of Lord Shiva made by natural caves.

Shree Tungeshwar Mahadev Ji, Phalasi (फलासी) Near Chopta This temple has been here for centuries. Folklore has it that the Pandavas came here for penance. On the way from Chopta, there are many small temples up to the Tunganath Temple. On the temple walls, are terracotta style seals and Shiva-Parvati figurines.

Kartik Swami The Kartik Swami temple is dedicated to Lord Kartikeya - son of Lord Shiva. It can be reached by a 3 km trek from Kanak Chauri village, which is located on the Rudraprayag-Pokhri route, 38 km from Rudraprayag. Visitors can see the snow-clad Himalayan range from the Kartik Swami temple.[3]

Basukedar Basukedar is where Shiva reputedly lived, before coming to Kedarnath. It's a Shiva temple constructed by Pandavas. The architecture and idols seem to be at least 1000 yrs old. It is a good place for meditation and dhyana yoga. It is around 35 km from Agustmuni. around 1.30 hr by drive. This is actually an old track to visit Kedarnath. It is said that Lord Shiva stayed a night in Basukedar while he was travelling to Kedarnath; this is the reason this place is called Basukedar

Kedarnath Temple

Kedarnath Dham, one of the twelve Jyotirlingas of Shiva, is situated in the Himalayan , it is believed that the Kedarnath temple was built by the Pandavas in ancient times. Later, King Bhoj of Malwa also did some work related to temple construction. Most people believe that the present form of the temple was built by Adi Shankaracharya in the 8th century. The doors of Kedarnath Dham are closed for 6 months during the winter period, during this time the unbroken holdings in the temple keep on burning for 6 months.

Photo gallery (Images before June, 2013)Edit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Rudraprayag
  2. ^ "Rudraprayag City Population Census 2011 - Uttarakhand". www.census2011.co.in. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  3. ^ Kartik Swami

External linksEdit