Roxburghshire (UK Parliament constituency)

Roxburghshire was a Scottish county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of Great Britain (at Westminster) from 1708 to 1801, and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (also at Westminster) from 1801 to 1918.

Roxburghshire
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
Subdivisions of ScotlandRoxburghshire
17081918
Number of membersOne
Replaced byRoxburgh and Selkirk
Created fromRoxburghshire

CreationEdit

The British parliamentary constituency was created in 1708 following the Acts of Union, 1707 and replaced the former Parliament of Scotland shire constituency of Roxburghshire.

BoundariesEdit

The name relates the constituency to the county of Roxburgh.

HistoryEdit

The constituency elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system until the seat was abolished in 1918.[1][2][3][4][5]

When the constituency was abolished in 1918, the Roxburgh and Selkirk constituency was created, covering the counties of Roxburgh and Selkirk

Members of ParliamentEdit

Election Member[6] Party
1708 Sir Gilbert Eliott, 3rd Bt
1715 William Douglas
1722 Sir Gilbert Elliot, 2nd Bt
1726 Sir Gilbert Eliott, 3rd Bt
1727 William Douglas
1734 John Rutherfurd
1742 William Douglas
1747 Walter Scott
1765 Sir Gilbert Elliot
1777 Sir Gilbert Elliot
1784 Sir George Douglas Whig[7]
1806 John Rutherford
1812 Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound
1814 Sir Alexander Don
1826 Henry Hepburne-Scott Tory[7]
1832 George Elliot Whig[7][8]
1835 Lord John Scott Conservative[7][8]
1837 John Elliot Whig[7][8][9][10]
1841 Francis Scott Conservative[7][8]
1847 John Elliot Whig[7][8][9][10]
1859 Sir William Scott, Bt Liberal[8]
1870 James Innes-Ker Liberal[8]
1874 Sir George Scott-Douglas Conservative[8]
1880 Arthur Elliot Liberal[8]
1886 Liberal Unionist
1892 Mark Francis Napier Liberal
1895 The Earl of Dalkeith Conservative
1906 John Jardine Liberal
1918 constituency abolished

Election resultsEdit

Elections in the 1830sEdit

General election 1835: Roxburghshire [11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Scott 757
Liberal George Elliot 681

Elections in the 1840sEdit

General election 1841: Roxburghshire [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Francis Scott 830 52.6
Whig John Elliot 748 47.4
Majority 82 5.2
Turnout 1,578 69.3
Registered electors 2,277
Conservative gain from Whig Swing
General election 1847: Roxburghshire [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig John Elliot Unopposed
Registered electors 2,091
Whig gain from Conservative

Elections in the 1850sEdit

General election 1852: Roxburghshire [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig John Elliot Unopposed
Registered electors 2,033
Whig hold
General election 1857: Roxburghshire [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig John Elliot Unopposed
Registered electors 1,650
Whig hold
General election 1859: Roxburghshire [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Scott Unopposed
Registered electors 1,663
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1860sEdit

General election 1865: Roxburghshire [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Scott Unopposed
Registered electors 1,639
Liberal hold
General election 1868: Roxburghshire [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Scott 750 55.1 N/A
Conservative Schomberg Kerr 610 44.9 N/A
Majority 140 10.3 N/A
Turnout 1,360 81.7 N/A
Registered electors 1,664
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1870sEdit

Scott resigned, causing a by-election.

By-election, 2 Mar 1870: Roxburghshire [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James Innes-Ker Unopposed
Liberal hold
General election 1874: Roxburghshire [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Henry Scott-Douglas 789 50.9
Liberal James Innes-Ker 762 49.1
Majority 27 1.7 N/A
Turnout 1,551 85.5
Registered electors 1,813
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing

Elections in the 1880sEdit

General election 1880: Roxburghshire [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Arthur Elliot 859 50.3 +1.2
Conservative George Henry Scott-Douglas 849 49.7 −1.2
Majority 10 0.6 N/A
Turnout 1,708 86.3 +0.8
Registered electors 1,978
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +1.2
General election 1885: Roxburghshire [12][13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Arthur Elliot 3,419 63.6 +13.3
Conservative Charles Balfour 1,954 36.4 −13.3
Majority 1,465 27.2 +26.6
Turnout 5,373 86.9 +0.6
Registered electors 6,180
Liberal hold Swing +13.3
General election 1886: Roxburghshire [12][13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Arthur Elliot 2,570 54.5 +18.1
Liberal Mark Francis Napier 2,142 45.5 −18.1
Majority 428 9.0 N/A
Turnout 4,712 76.2 −10.7
Registered electors 6,180
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +18.1

Elections in the 1890sEdit

General election 1892: Roxburghshire [14][13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Mark Francis Napier 2,672 51.5 +6.0
Liberal Unionist Arthur Elliot 2,514 48.5 −6.0
Majority 158 3.0 N/A
Turnout 5,186 86.2 +10.0
Registered electors 6,015
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing +6.0
General election 1895: Roxburghshire [15][13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Scott 2,929 55.3 +6.8
Liberal Mark Francis Napier 2,368 44.7 −6.8
Majority 561 10.6 N/A
Turnout 5,297 88.5 +2.3
Registered electors 5,988
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +6.8

Elections in the 1900sEdit

General election 1900: Roxburghshire [15][13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Scott 2,682 53.6 −1.7
Liberal John Jardine 2,323 46.4 +1.7
Majority 359 7.2 −3.4
Turnout 5,005 84.4 −4.1
Registered electors 5,931
Conservative hold Swing −1.7
General election 1906: Roxburghshire [16][13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Jardine 2,829 52.9 +6.5
Conservative Richard John Waldie-Griffith 2,514 47.1 −6.5
Majority 315 5.8 N/A
Turnout 5,343 90.8 +6.4
Registered electors 5,884
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +6.5

Elections in the 1910sEdit

General election Jan 1910: Roxburghshire [17][13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Jardine 2,943 52.8 −0.1
Conservative Henry Douglas-Scott-Montagu 2,626 47.2 +0.1
Majority 317 5.6 −0.2
Turnout 5,569 92.4 +1.6
Registered electors 6,025
Liberal hold Swing −0.1
General election Dec 1910: Roxburghshire [17][13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Jardine 2,908 51.8 −1.0
Conservative Neil James Kennedy Cochran-Patrick 2,704 48.2 +1.0
Majority 204 3.6 −2.0
Turnout 5,612 91.8 −0.6
Registered electors 6,114
Liberal hold Swing −1.0

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Roxburghshire". History of Parliament Online (1690-1715). Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  2. ^ "Roxburghshire". History of Parliament Online (1715-1754). Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  3. ^ "Roxburghshire". History of Parliament Online (1754-1790). Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  4. ^ "Roxburghshire". History of Parliament Online (1790-1820). Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  5. ^ "Roxburghshire". History of Parliament Online (1820-1832). Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  6. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "R" (part 2)
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Smith, Henry Stooks (1842). The Register of Parliamentary Contested Elections (Second ed.). Simpkin, Marshall & Company. pp. 210–211. Retrieved 14 September 2018 – via Google Books.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)|format= requires |url= (help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
  9. ^ a b Churton, Edward (1838). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: 1838. pp. 84–85. Retrieved 14 September 2018 – via Google Books.
  10. ^ a b "Latest State of Polls". Leeds Intelligencer. 12 August 1837. p. 4. Retrieved 14 September 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  11. ^ The Spectator, 13 January 1835
  12. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons and Judicial Bench, 1889
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
  14. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1892
  15. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1901
  16. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1907
  17. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1916