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The Roskilde Festival is a Danish music festival held annually south of Roskilde. It is one of the largest music festivals in Europe and the largest in Northern Europe. It was created in 1971 by two high school students, Mogens Sandfær and Jesper Switzer Møller, and promoter Carl Fischer. In 1972, the festival was taken over by the Roskilde Foundation, which has since run the festival as a non-profit organization for development and support of music, culture and humanism. In 2014, the Roskilde Foundation provided festival participants with the opportunity to nominate and vote upon which organizations should receive funds raised by the festival.
|Genre||Rock, pop, electronic, reggae, hip hop, world|
|Dates||Four days, starting from first Wednesday in July, or last Wednesday in June with a 4-day warm-up|
|Founded by||Mogens Sandfær, Jesper Switzer Møller (at that time Magnussen), and promoter Carl Fischer|
The first Roskilde Festival was held on 28 and 29 August 1971, originally named the Sound Festival. It was inspired by festivals and youth gatherings like Newport, Isle of Wight and Woodstock. It was characterized mainly by poor management but also great enthusiasm. The festival's inaugural year saw roughly 20 bands ranging from folk, jazz, rock and pop genres all playing on a single stage, which lasted for two days with approximately some 10,000 visitors per day.[better source needed]
In 1978, festival organizers acquired the Canopy Scene, an orange musical stage previously used by The Rolling Stones on a European tour. Since its beginning, the Canopy Scene and its characteristic arches have become a well-known symbol and logo representing the festival.
In the 1990s, electronic music was introduced to the festival. In 1991, Club Roskilde was held, which was an electronic music dance club held in the evenings. In 1995, electronic music artists received their own stage. In the following years, even more room for electronic music was created by the establishment of the chill-out zone and the Roskilde Lounge. Since then, artists like Fatboy Slim, The Prodigy, Basement Jaxx and Chemical Brothers appeared on the main stage.
During Pearl Jam's concert at the Orange Stage on 30 June 2000, a crush occurred. Nine people died, and twenty-six people were injured, three of them seriously. The dead included a 26-year-old German, a 23-year-old Dutchman and three Swedes, two aged 22 and one 20. Three Danes, including a 17-year-old, also died. These nine victims died when they were crushed as the crowd rushed toward the stage. The reasons for their deaths were examined by police, public prosecutors, and subsequent civil trials, all of which determined that the causes were accidental. Many people fell down at one place; when they did not immediately get up, crowdsurfers fell into this "hole", and people at the bottom died of suffocation. On the day of the incident, there was also heavy rainfall, which could have contributed to the ground being slippery. By the time security guards in front of the stage got to the area of the accident, it was too late. The band was informed and stopped the music, and told the crowd to step back. Some bands canceled. As crowd surfing seems to have been among the precipitating factors, it was subsequently forbidden across most festivals in Europe.
The 2010 festival officially opened with a memorial to those killed in 2000. Patti Smith held the short pre-concert ceremony, and she chose to open the tribute with accompanying music from Mozart. Her lead guitarist, Lenny Kaye, then read out the nine men's names while Smith threw nine roses into the crowd.
Festival by year 1971–presentEdit
|#||Year||Dates||Guests||Headliners||Ticket price in DKK|
|1||1971||28–29 August||10,003||Strawbs, Gasolin', Mick Softley, Sebastian||30|
|2||1972||30 June – 2 July||15,000||The Kinks, Sha Na Na, Family||40|
|3||1973||29 June – 1 July||15,000||Canned Heat, Gasolin', Fumble, Fairport Convention||40|
|4||1974||28–30 June||21,500||Status Quo, The Incredible String Band, The Savage Rose, Camel||50|
|5||1975||27–29 June||26,000||Ravi Shankar, Focus, Mickey Baker, Procol Harum||55|
|6||1976||2–4 July||32,500||Weather Report, Steeleye Span, Dr. Hook, Magma, Alan Stivell||60|
|7||1977||1–3 July||31,000||The Chieftains, The Jack Bruce Band, Ian Gillan Band, Dr. Feelgood||80|
|8||1978||30 June – 2 July||36,500||Bob Marley and The Wailers, SBB, Dave Swarbrick, Elvis Costello||100|
|9||1979||29 June – 1 July||40,000||Jeff Beck & Stanley Clarke, Talking Heads, Taj Mahal||110|
|10||1980||27–29 June||50,100||Santana, Joan Armatrading, Dan Ar Bras, Steel Pulse||130|
|11||1981||26–28 June||51,500||Ian Dury, Robert Palmer, UB40, Toots & the Maytals, Saga||150|
|12||1982||2–4 July||57,500||U2, Mike Oldfield, Osibisa, Jackson Browne||170|
|13||1983||1–3 July||60,600||Simple Minds, 10cc, Marillion, Southside Johnny, King Sunny Adé||200|
|14||1984||29 June – 1 July||64,800||Lou Reed, Paul Young, The Band, The Smiths (cancelled), Björn Afzelius, Club Karlsson||210|
|15||1985||28–30 June||53,500||Leonard Cohen, Paul Young, Ramones, The Style Council, The Clash, Indochine, The Cure||240|
|16||1986||4–6 July||56,900||Eric Clapton, Metallica, Phil Collins, Madness, Elvis Costello||390|
|17||1987||3–5 July||58,700||Iggy Pop, Europe, The Pretenders, Van Morrison, The Flaming Lips, Sonic Youth||320|
|18||1988||30 June – 3 July||62,100||Sting, INXS, Bryan Adams, Leonard Cohen, Toto||340|
|19||1989||30 June – 2 July||56,300||Elvis Costello, Joe Cocker, Katrina & The Waves||390|
|20||1990||28 June – 1 July||70,600||Bob Dylan, The Cure, Gorky Park, Midnight Oil, Sinéad O'Connor||445|
|21||1991||27–30 June||60,500||Iron Maiden, Winger, Billy Idol, Iggy Pop, Allman Brothers Band, Paul Simon, Primus||490|
|22||1992||25–28 June||64,500||Nirvana, Megadeth, Texas, Pearl Jam, Faith No More, David Byrne, Phish||540|
|23||1993||1–4 July||76,500||Ray Charles, Velvet Underground, Bad Religion||540|
|24||1994||30 June – 3 July||90,000||Aerosmith, Rage Against the Machine, ZZ Top, Peter Gabriel||540|
|25||1995||29 June – 2 July||111,000||Bob Dylan, Silverchair, Elvis Costello, The Cure, Suede, R.E.M., The Offspring, Van Halen, Oasis (+ Shane MacGowan and The Popes)||600|
|26||1996||27–30 June||115,000||David Bowie, Sex Pistols, The Flaming Lips, Rage Against the Machine||700|
|27||1997||26–29 June||115,000||Radiohead • Silverchair • Isaac Hayes • Smashing Pumpkins • Mötley Crüe • Suede • Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds • David Byrne • Pet Shop Boys • Beck • John Fogerty • Sexteto Mayor||750|
|28||1998||25–28 June||100,000||Bob Dylan • Black Sabbath • Kraftwerk • Beastie Boys • The Verve • Portishead • Garbage||810|
|29||1999||1–4 July||96,000||R.E.M. • Placebo • Blur • Robbie Williams • Metallica • Suede • Marilyn Manson • Culture Club||810|
|30||2000||25 June – 2 July||102,000||Lou Reed • Iron Maiden • Oasis • Pearl Jam • The Cure • Willie Nelson • Nine Inch Nails • Pet Shop Boys • D-A-D • The The||860|
|31||2001||24 June – 1 July||92,000||Bob Dylan • Robbie Williams • Neil Young • Beck • Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds • Aqua • The Gathering • Tool||860|
|32||2002||23–30 June||100,000||Red Hot Chili Peppers • Rammstein • Travis • Pet Shop Boys • Manu Chao • Garbage||950|
|33||2003||22–29 June||107,000||Iron Maiden • Blur • Coldplay • Metallica • Massive Attack • Queens of the Stone Age • Björk • Dave Gahan • Zwan||1150|
|34||2004||27 June – 4 July||106,000||David Bowie (cancelled) • Muse • Santana • Wu-Tang Clan • Iggy Pop • Avril Lavigne • N*E*R*D • Slipknot • KoRn||1150|
|35||2005||26 June – 3 July||97,000||Black Sabbath • Brian Wilson • Foo Fighters • Green Day • Duran Duran • Snoop Dogg • D-A-D • Kent||1250|
|36||2006||25 June – 2 July||110,000||Bob Dylan • Guns N' Roses • Roger Waters • Morrissey • Tool • The Strokes • Kanye West • Franz Ferdinand • The Streets||1350|
|37||2007||1–8 July||110,000||The Who • Red Hot Chili Peppers • Muse • Beastie Boys • Queens of the Stone Age • Björk • Tiesto • Nephew||1475|
|38||2008||29 June – 6 July||93,000||Kings of Leon • Radiohead • Jay-Z • Neil Young • Judas Priest • Slayer • The Chemical Brothers • Grinderman • My Bloody Valentine||1650|
|39||2009||28 June – 5 July||110,000||Coldplay • Oasis • Kanye West • Nine Inch Nails • Faith No More • Nick Cave & The Bad Seeds • Pet Shop Boys • Slipknot • Trentemøller||1785|
|40||2010||27 June – 4 July||125,000||Prince • Gorillaz • Muse • The Prodigy • Patti Smith • Them Crooked Vultures • Jack Johnson • Nephew||1675|
|41||2011||30 June – 3 July||130,000||Iron Maiden • Kings of Leon • Arctic Monkeys • Mastodon • M.I.A • PJ Harvey • The Strokes • Portishead||1725|
|42||2012||30 June – 8 July||110,000||Bruce Springsteen • The Cure • Björk • Bon Iver • Mew • The Roots • Jack White||1790|
|43||2013||29 June – 7 July||110,000||Metallica • Kraftwerk • The National • Queens of the Stone Age • Rihanna • Sigur Rós • Slipknot||1910|
|44||2014||29 June – 6 July||133,000||The Rolling Stones • Stevie Wonder • Arctic Monkeys • Damon Albarn • Drake (cancelled) • Major Lazer • Outkast • Trentemøller||1910|
|45||2015||27 June – 4 July||130,000||Paul McCartney • Noel Gallagher's High Flying Birds • Florence and the Machine • Kendrick Lamar • Mew • Muse • Pharrell Williams • Nicki Minaj • Disclosure||1940|
|46||2016||25 June – 3 July||130,000||LCD Soundsystem • Macklemore & Ryan Lewis • MØ • Neil Young+Promise of the Real • New Order • PJ Harvey • Red Hot Chili Peppers • Tame Impala • Tenacious D • Wiz Khalifa||1995|
|47||2017||24 June - 1 July||130,000||1995|
|48||2018||30 June - 7 July||130,000||2100|
|49||2019||29 June - 6 July||130,000||2100|
|50||2020||28 June - 4 July||Cancelled||
Roskilde Festival 2009 was the hottest in 33 years according to the festival newspaper Orange Press. The festival was hit by a major cancellation, when rapper Lil Wayne had to cancel due to sickness. He was replaced by Gogol Bordello who played the only 6 starred concert at the festival. Orange stage was opened by Swedish rapper Petter, who had prominent visitors on stage such as Dee Pee from Rockers by Choice and L.O.C, who was on Orange stage for the third year running (featuring on Nephew's Hospital in 2007, and his own concert in 2008). Petter has been called a failure for this concert, because he wasn't able to get a full crowd, and the opening of Orange has to be big.
The 2011 had nice weather the first few days, but on Thursday-Friday there was massive rain. Roskilde Festival faced a sad incident when a young woman fell from the Tuborg tower to her death. The tickets were sold out, with a projected profit of around 10 million Kr.
The 2013 festival featured acts such as Metallica, Sigur Rós, Volbeat, Kvelertak, Goat, Queens of the Stone Age, C2C, Daedelus, Slipknot, Disclosure, Chase and Status, Baauer, Holy Other, Jam City, Vatican Shadow and When Saints Go Machine and Rihanna.
The 2018 festival featured acts such as Joey Badass, Black Star, David Byrne, Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds, Descendents, Eminem, Fever Ray, First Aid Kit, Fleet Foxes, Four Tet, Ben Frost, Charlotte Gainsbourg, Gorillaz, Interpol, C.V. Jørgensen, Khalid, Dua Lipa, Chelsea Manning, Bruno Mars, Massive Attack, Mogwai, Pablo Moses, My Bloody Valentine, Nephew, Nine Inch Nails, Odesza, Anderson Paak & The Free Nationals, Mike Skinner, St. Vincent, Vince Staples, Stone Sour, Stormzy, The Minds of 99, Alex Vargas and When Saints Go Machine.
The 2019 festival, which had a lineup of over 170 artists, featured acts such as The Cure, Bob Dylan, Robert Plant, Travis Scott, Noel Gallagher, Cardi B, Cypress Hill, Neneh Cherry, Rosalía, Testament, Philip H. Anselmo & the Illegals, Ulver, and Behemoth.
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- Roskilde Festival: History Archived 5 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine
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-  Archived 7 February 2013 at the Wayback Machine
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- Klancnik, Urban (12 December 2019). "How Rock Are You? The Best Festivals for Headbangers". Viberate. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Roskilde Festival.|
- Official website of the Roskilde Festival
- Official community website of the Roskilde Festival
- Roskilde Festival forum
- Festival radio website
- High quality photos from the Roskilde Festival