Roskilde Festival

The Roskilde Festival is a Danish music festival held annually south of Roskilde. It is one of the largest music festivals in Europe and the largest in Northern Europe. It was created in 1971 by two high school students, Mogens Sandfær and Jesper Switzer Møller, and promoter Carl Fischer.[1] In 1972, the festival was taken over by the Roskilde Foundation, which has since run the festival as a non-profit organization for development and support of music, culture and humanism. In 2014, the Roskilde Foundation provided festival participants with the opportunity to nominate and vote upon which organizations should receive funds raised by the festival.

Roskilde Festival
Roskilde Festival - Orange Stage - Bruce Springsteen.jpg
GenreRock, pop, electronic, reggae, hip hop, world
DatesFour days, starting from first Wednesday in July, or last Wednesday in June with a 4-day warm-up
Location(s)Roskilde, Denmark
Years active1971–present
Founded byMogens Sandfær, Jesper Switzer Møller (at that time Magnussen), and promoter Carl Fischer[1]
Websitewww.roskilde-festival.com

The Roskilde Festival was Denmark's first music-oriented festival created for hippies,[2] and today covers more of the mainstream youth from Scandinavia and the rest of Europe.

HistoryEdit

The first Roskilde Festival was held on 28 and 29 August 1971, originally named the Sound Festival. It was inspired by festivals and youth gatherings like Newport, Isle of Wight and Woodstock. It was characterized mainly by poor management but also great enthusiasm. The festival's inaugural year saw roughly 20 bands ranging from folk, jazz, rock and pop genres all playing on a single stage, which lasted for two days with approximately some 10,000 visitors per day.[3][better source needed]

In 1978, festival organizers acquired the Canopy Scene, an orange musical stage previously used by The Rolling Stones on a European tour. Since its beginning, the Canopy Scene and its characteristic arches have become a well-known symbol and logo representing the festival.[citation needed]

In the 1990s, electronic music was introduced to the festival. In 1991, Club Roskilde was held, which was an electronic music dance club held in the evenings. In 1995, electronic music artists received their own stage. In the following years, even more room for electronic music was created by the establishment of the chill-out zone and the Roskilde Lounge. Since then, artists like Fatboy Slim, The Prodigy, Basement Jaxx and Chemical Brothers appeared on the main stage.[citation needed]

 
Bruce Springsteen performing on the Orange Stage

2000 incidentEdit

During Pearl Jam's concert at the Orange Stage on 30 June 2000, a crush occurred. Nine people died, and twenty-six people were injured, three of them seriously. The dead included a 26-year-old German, a 23-year-old Dutchman and three Swedes, two aged 22 and one 20. Three Danes, including a 17-year-old, also died. These nine victims died when they were crushed as the crowd rushed toward the stage.[4] The reasons for their deaths were examined by police, public prosecutors, and subsequent civil trials, all of which determined that the causes were accidental. Many people fell down at one place; when they did not immediately get up, crowdsurfers fell into this "hole", and people at the bottom died of suffocation. On the day of the incident, there was also heavy rainfall, which could have contributed to the ground being slippery.[5] By the time security guards in front of the stage got to the area of the accident, it was too late. The band was informed and stopped the music, and told the crowd to step back. Some bands canceled.[6] As crowd surfing seems to have been among the precipitating factors, it was subsequently forbidden across most festivals in Europe.[7]

The 2010 festival officially opened with a memorial to those killed in 2000. Patti Smith held the short pre-concert ceremony, and she chose to open the tribute with accompanying music from Mozart. Her lead guitarist, Lenny Kaye, then read out the nine men's names while Smith threw nine roses into the crowd.[4][8]

Festival by year 1971–presentEdit

# Year Dates Guests Headliners Ticket price in DKK[9]
1 1971 28–29 August 10,003 Strawbs, Gasolin', Mick Softley, Sebastian 30
2 1972 30 June – 2 July 15,000 The Kinks, Sha Na Na, Family 40
3 1973 29 June – 1 July 15,000 Canned Heat, Gasolin', Fumble, Fairport Convention 40
4 1974 28–30 June 21,500 Status Quo, The Incredible String Band, The Savage Rose, Camel 50
5 1975 27–29 June 26,000 Ravi Shankar, Focus, Mickey Baker, Procol Harum 55
6 1976 2–4 July 32,500 Weather Report, Steeleye Span, Dr. Hook, Magma, Alan Stivell 60
7 1977 1–3 July 31,000 The Chieftains, The Jack Bruce Band, Ian Gillan Band, Dr. Feelgood 80
8 1978 30 June – 2 July 36,500 Bob Marley and The Wailers, SBB, Dave Swarbrick, Elvis Costello 100
9 1979 29 June – 1 July 40,000 Jeff Beck & Stanley Clarke, Talking Heads, Taj Mahal 110
10 1980 27–29 June 50,100 Santana, Joan Armatrading, Dan Ar Bras, Steel Pulse 130
11 1981 26–28 June 51,500 Ian Dury, Robert Palmer, UB40, Toots & the Maytals, Saga 150
12 1982 2–4 July 57,500 U2, Mike Oldfield, Osibisa, Jackson Browne 170
13 1983 1–3 July 60,600 Simple Minds, 10cc, Marillion, Southside Johnny, King Sunny Adé 200
14 1984 29 June – 1 July 64,800 Lou Reed, Paul Young, The Band, The Smiths (cancelled), Björn Afzelius, Club Karlsson 210
15 1985 28–30 June 53,500 Leonard Cohen, Paul Young, Ramones, The Style Council, The Clash, Indochine, The Cure 240
16 1986 4–6 July 56,900 Eric Clapton, Metallica, Phil Collins, Madness, Elvis Costello 390
17 1987 3–5 July 58,700 Iggy Pop, Europe, The Pretenders, Van Morrison, The Flaming Lips, Sonic Youth 320
18 1988 30 June – 3 July 62,100 Sting, INXS, Bryan Adams, Leonard Cohen, Toto 340
19 1989 30 June – 2 July 56,300 Elvis Costello, Joe Cocker, Katrina & The Waves 390
20 1990 28 June – 1 July 70,600 Bob Dylan, The Cure, Gorky Park, Midnight Oil, Sinéad O'Connor 445
21 1991 27–30 June 60,500 Iron Maiden, Winger, Billy Idol, Iggy Pop, Allman Brothers Band, Paul Simon, Primus 490
22 1992 25–28 June 64,500 Nirvana, Megadeth, Texas, Pearl Jam, Faith No More, David Byrne, Phish 540
23 1993 1–4 July 76,500 Ray Charles, Velvet Underground, Bad Religion 540
24 1994 30 June – 3 July 90,000 Aerosmith, Rage Against the Machine, ZZ Top, Peter Gabriel 540
25 1995 29 June – 2 July 111,000 Bob Dylan, Silverchair, Elvis Costello, The Cure, Suede, R.E.M., The Offspring, Van Halen, Oasis (+ Shane MacGowan and The Popes) 600
26 1996 27–30 June 115,000 David Bowie, Sex Pistols, The Flaming Lips, Rage Against the Machine 700
27 1997 26–29 June 115,000 Radiohead  • Silverchair  • Isaac Hayes  • Smashing Pumpkins  • Mötley Crüe  • Suede  • Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds  • David Byrne  • Pet Shop Boys  • Beck  • John Fogerty  • Sexteto Mayor 750
28 1998 25–28 June 100,000 Bob Dylan  • Black Sabbath  • Kraftwerk  • Beastie Boys  • The Verve  • Portishead  • Garbage 810
29 1999 1–4 July 96,000 R.E.M.  • Placebo  • Blur  • Robbie Williams  • Metallica  • Suede  • Marilyn Manson  • Culture Club 810
30 2000 25 June – 2 July 102,000 Lou Reed  • Iron Maiden  • Oasis  • Pearl Jam  • The Cure  • Willie Nelson  • Nine Inch Nails  • Pet Shop Boys  • D-A-D  • The The 860
31 2001 24 June – 1 July 92,000 Bob Dylan  • Robbie Williams  • Neil Young  • Beck  • Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds  • Aqua  • The Gathering  • Tool 860
32 2002 23–30 June 100,000 Red Hot Chili Peppers  • Rammstein  • Travis  • Pet Shop Boys  • Manu Chao  • Garbage 950
33 2003 22–29 June 107,000 Iron Maiden  • Blur  • Coldplay  • Metallica  • Massive Attack  • Queens of the Stone Age  • Björk  • Dave Gahan  • Zwan 1150
34 2004 27 June – 4 July 106,000 David Bowie (cancelled)  • Muse  • Santana  • Wu-Tang Clan  • Iggy Pop  • Avril Lavigne  • N*E*R*D  • Slipknot  • KoRn 1150
35 2005 26 June – 3 July 97,000 Black Sabbath  • Brian Wilson  • Foo Fighters  • Green Day  • Duran Duran  • Snoop Dogg  • D-A-D  • Kent 1250
36 2006 25 June – 2 July 110,000 Bob Dylan  • Guns N' Roses  • Roger Waters  • Morrissey  • Tool  • The Strokes  • Kanye West  • Franz Ferdinand  • The Streets 1350
37 2007 1–8 July 110,000 The Who  • Red Hot Chili Peppers  • Muse  • Beastie Boys  • Queens of the Stone Age  • Björk  • Tiesto • Nephew 1475
38 2008 29 June – 6 July 93,000 Kings of Leon  • Radiohead  • Jay-Z  • Neil Young  • Judas Priest  • Slayer  • The Chemical Brothers  • Grinderman  • My Bloody Valentine 1650
39 2009 28 June – 5 July 110,000 Coldplay  • Oasis  • Kanye West  • Nine Inch Nails  • Faith No More  • Nick Cave & The Bad Seeds  • Pet Shop Boys  • Slipknot  • Trentemøller 1785
40 2010 27 June – 4 July 125,000 Prince  • Gorillaz  • Muse  • The Prodigy  • Patti Smith  • Them Crooked Vultures  • Jack Johnson  • Nephew 1675
41 2011 30 June – 3 July 130,000 Iron Maiden  • Kings of Leon  • Arctic Monkeys  • Mastodon  • M.I.A  • PJ Harvey  • The Strokes  • Portishead 1725
42 2012 30 June – 8 July 110,000 Bruce Springsteen  • The Cure  • Björk  • Bon Iver  • Mew  • The Roots  • Jack White 1790
43 2013 29 June – 7 July 110,000 Metallica  • Kraftwerk  • The National  • Queens of the Stone Age  • Rihanna  • Sigur Rós  • Slipknot[10] 1910
44 2014 29 June – 6 July 133,000 The Rolling Stones  • Stevie Wonder  • Arctic Monkeys  • Damon Albarn  • Drake (cancelled)  • Major Lazer  • Outkast  • Trentemøller[10] 1910
45 2015 27 June – 4 July 130,000 Paul McCartney  • Noel Gallagher's High Flying Birds  • Florence and the Machine  • Kendrick Lamar  • Mew  • Muse  • Pharrell Williams  • Nicki Minaj  • Disclosure 1940
46 2016 25 June – 3 July 130,000 LCD Soundsystem  • Macklemore & Ryan Lewis  •  • Neil Young+Promise of the Real  • New Order  • PJ Harvey  • Red Hot Chili Peppers  • Tame Impala  • Tenacious D  • Wiz Khalifa 1995
47 2017 24 June - 1 July 130,000

A Tribe Called Quest (cancelled)  • Foo Fighters  • Arcade Fire  • Justice  • Blink-182 (cancelled)  • Moderat/Modeselektor  • Solange  • Trentemøller  • Ice Cube  • The Weeknd  • Lorde

1995
48 2018 30 June - 7 July 130,000 2100
49 2019 29 June - 6 July 130,000 2100
50 2020 28 June - 4 July Cancelled
  • Taylor Swift
  • Deftones
  • Kendrick Lamar
  • Faith No More
  • Kacey Musgraves
  • Tyler, The Creator
  • FKA Twigs
  • Thom Yorke Tomorrow’s Modern Boxes
  • The Strokes
  • Haim
  • Thomas Helmig
  • Malk De Koijn
2250

Specific yearsEdit

 
Orange Scene in 2004

2009Edit

Roskilde Festival 2009 was the hottest in 33 years according to the festival newspaper Orange Press. The festival was hit by a major cancellation, when rapper Lil Wayne had to cancel due to sickness. He was replaced by Gogol Bordello who played the only 6 starred concert at the festival. Orange stage was opened by Swedish rapper Petter, who had prominent visitors on stage such as Dee Pee from Rockers by Choice and L.O.C, who was on Orange stage for the third year running (featuring on Nephew's Hospital in 2007, and his own concert in 2008). Petter has been called a failure for this concert, because he wasn't able to get a full crowd, and the opening of Orange has to be big.[11]

 
Roskilde Festival 2006 – Kaizers Orchestra on Orange Stage

2011Edit

The 2011 had nice weather the first few days, but on Thursday-Friday there was massive rain.[12] Roskilde Festival faced a sad incident when a young woman fell from the Tuborg tower to her death.[13] The tickets were sold out, with a projected profit of around 10 million Kr.[14]

2013Edit

The 2013 festival featured acts such as Metallica, Sigur Rós, Volbeat, Kvelertak, Goat, Queens of the Stone Age, C2C, Daedelus, Slipknot, Disclosure, Chase and Status,[15] Baauer, Holy Other, Jam City, Vatican Shadow and When Saints Go Machine and Rihanna.[16]

2017Edit

The 2017 festival featured acts such as Foo Fighters, Arcade Fire, The Weeknd, The xx, Ice Cube, Justice, Moderat, Solange, Lorde and Trentemøller.[17]

2018Edit

The 2018 festival featured acts such as Joey Badass, Black Star, David Byrne, Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds, Descendents, Eminem, Fever Ray, First Aid Kit, Fleet Foxes, Four Tet, Ben Frost, Charlotte Gainsbourg, Gorillaz, Interpol, C.V. Jørgensen, Khalid, Dua Lipa, Chelsea Manning, Bruno Mars, Massive Attack, Mogwai, Pablo Moses, My Bloody Valentine, Nephew, Nine Inch Nails, Odesza, Anderson Paak & The Free Nationals, Mike Skinner, St. Vincent, Vince Staples, Stone Sour, Stormzy, The Minds of 99, Alex Vargas and When Saints Go Machine.[18]

2019Edit

The 2019 festival, which had a lineup of over 170 artists, featured acts such as The Cure, Bob Dylan, Robert Plant, Travis Scott, Noel Gallagher, Cardi B, Cypress Hill, Neneh Cherry, Rosalía, Testament, Philip H. Anselmo & the Illegals, Ulver, and Behemoth.[19]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Roskilde Festival homepage about the festival in 1971 Archived 9 June 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Jonsson, Kika. "Interview: Roskilde Festival – "An experience that may change you forever"". Archived from the original on 23 September 2013. Retrieved 23 June 2013.
  3. ^ Roskilde Festival: History Archived 5 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ a b "Roskilde deaths remembered". Cphpst.dk. Archived from the original on 7 October 2011. Retrieved 19 May 2014.
  5. ^ [1] Archived 7 February 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Fricke, David (17 August 2000). "Nine Dead at Pearl Jam Concert". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 14 May 2020.
  7. ^ "Prohibition of crowd surfing". Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 16 June 2012.(Article in Danish)
  8. ^ "pearl jam - eddie started crying before singing come back - berlin 30.6.2010". Archived from the original on 19 April 2016. Retrieved 1 August 2012 – via YouTube.
  9. ^ "Roskilde Festival tickets". Roskilde-festival.dk. Archived from the original on 13 March 2018. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  10. ^ a b "Roskilde Festival 2014 - 29 June to 6 July: Bands". Roskilde-festival.dk. Archived from the original on 21 April 2013. Retrieved 19 May 2014.
  11. ^ AF Anders Hjort. "Svensker sparker halvtom Orange i gang" (in Danish). iBYEN.dk. Archived from the original on 3 July 2009. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
  12. ^ "Skybrud i København". dr.dk. Archived from the original on 7 July 2011. Retrieved 3 July 2011.
  13. ^ "Ung kvinde død på Roskilde Festival". dr.dk. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 3 July 2011.
  14. ^ "TAK FOR ROSKILDE FESTIVAL 2011". ROSKILDE FESTIVAL. Archived from the original on 7 July 2011. Retrieved 4 July 2011.
  15. ^ "Roskilde Festival 2014 - 29 June to 6 July: Frontpage". Roskilde-festival.dk. Archived from the original on 22 May 2011. Retrieved 19 May 2014.
  16. ^ "Festivalrykten summerar festivalvärlden inför 2013 | Festivalrykten". Festivalrykten.se. 25 December 2012. Archived from the original on 23 July 2013. Retrieved 19 May 2014.
  17. ^ Young, Alex (5 April 2017). "Roskilde Festival reveals 2017 lineup: Foo Fighters, Arcade Fire, A Tribe Called Quest to headline". Consequence of Sound. Archived from the original on 9 April 2018. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  18. ^ Young, Alex (5 April 2018). "Roskilde Festival submits its entry for 2018 lineup of the year". Consequence of Sound. Archived from the original on 9 April 2018. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  19. ^ Klancnik, Urban (12 December 2019). "How Rock Are You? The Best Festivals for Headbangers". Viberate. Retrieved 29 January 2020.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 55°37′18″N 12°4′36″E / 55.62167°N 12.07667°E / 55.62167; 12.07667