Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Utrecht

The Archdiocese of Utrecht (Latin: Archidioecesis Ultraiectensis) is an archdiocese of the Latin Church (or Western Church) of the Catholic Church in the Netherlands. The Archbishop of Utrecht is the metropolitan of the ecclesiastical province of Utrecht. There are six suffragan dioceses of the province: Roman Catholic Dioceses of Breda, of Groningen-Leeuwarden, of Haarlem-Amsterdam, of Roermond, of Rotterdam, and of 's-Hertogenbosch. The cathedral church of the archdiocese is Saint Catherine's Cathedral, which replaced the prior cathedral, Saint Martin's Cathedral after it was taken by Protestants in the Reformation.

Roman Catholic Metropolitan Archdiocese of Utrecht

Archidioecesis Metropolitae Ultraiectensis Latinorum

Aartsbisdom Utrecht
Coat of arms
TerritoryParts of the provinces Utrecht, Overijssel, Gelderland, and Flevoland[1]
Coordinates52°05′15″N 5°07′27″E / 52.08750°N 5.12417°E / 52.08750; 5.12417
Area10,000 km2 (3,900 sq mi)[2]
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2020)
Increase762,100 (Steady18.5%)
Sui iuris churchLatin Church
RiteRoman Rite
Established695, Archbishopric from 12 May 1559
CathedralSaint Catherine's Cathedral[3]
Patron saintSaint Willibrord
Current leadership
ArchbishopWim Eijk[2][4]
Auxiliary BishopsTheodorus Cornelis Maria Hoogenboom
Herman Willebrordus Woorts
Bishops emeritusJohannes Antonius de Kok Auxiliary Bishop Emeritus (1982–2005)
The location of the Archdiocese of Utrecht in the Netherlands
The location of the Archdiocese of Utrecht in the Netherlands

History edit

The diocese was founded in 695.

In the Middle Ages, the bishops of Utrecht were also prince-bishops of the Prince-Bishopric of Utrecht within the Holy Roman Empire. The Prince-Bishopric of Utrecht must not be confused with the Diocese of Utrecht, which was larger than the Prince-Bishopric. Over the larger area outside the Prince-Bishopric, the bishop exercised only spiritual, not temporal, authority.

In 1580, the diocese was suppressed because of the rise of Protestantism. The Dutch Mission in various forms took care of the spiritual needs of Catholics in the former diocese of Utrecht until the modern archdiocese was established in 1853.

List of archbishops from 1853 edit

Ordinaries edit

Saint Catherine's Cathedral in Utrecht
Saint Catherine's Cathedral in Utrecht

Source: Radboud University Library.[5]

Auxiliary bishops edit

  • Goswin Haex van Loenhout, O. Carm. (15 May 1469 – 31 Mar 1475)[6]
  • Godefridus Yerwerd, O.S.B. (28 Mar 1476 – Jan 1483)[7]
  • Bonaventura Engelbertz van Oldenzeel, O.F.M. (30 Oct 1538 – 1539)[8]
  • Nicolas Van Nienlant (6 Jul 1541 – 10 Mar 1561),[9] appointed Bishop of Haarlem; also known as Nicolaas Van Nieuwland
  • Theodorus Gerardus Antonius Hendriksen (21 Jan 1961 – 9 Sep 1969)
  • Johannes Bernardus Niënhaus (15 Jan 1982 – 1 Sep 1999)
  • Johannes Antonius de Kok, O.F.M. (15 Jan 1982 – 27 Aug 2005)
  • Gerard Johannes Nicolaus de Korte (11 Apr 2001 – 18 Jun 2008), appointed Bishop of Groningen-Leeuwarden
  • Theodorus Cornelis Maria Hoogenboom 7 Dec 2009 – )
  • Herman Willebrordus Woorts (7 Dec 2009 – )

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ (in Dutch) Achtergronden aartsbisdom. Retrieved on 2009-10-13.
  2. ^ a b Archdiocese of Utrecht. Retrieved on 2009-10-13.
  3. ^ (in Dutch) De Kathedraal. Retrieved on 2009-10-13.
  4. ^ (in Dutch) Aartsbisschop. Retrieved on 2009-10-13.
  5. ^ "Lijst van Nederlandse bisschoppen sinds 1853". (in Dutch). Nijmegen: Radboud Universiteit. Katholiek Documentatie Centrum. Retrieved 2014-07-07.
  6. ^ "Bishop Goswin Haex von Loenhout, O. Carm." David M. Cheney. Retrieved March 21, 2016
  7. ^ "Bishop Godefridus Yerwerd, O.S.B." David M. Cheney. Retrieved March 21, 2016
  8. ^ "Bishop Bonaventura Engelbertz van Oldenzeel, O.F.M." David M. Cheney. Retrieved March 21, 2016
  9. ^ "Bishop Nicolas Van Nienlant" David M. Cheney. Retrieved March 21, 2016 and again on September 4, 2020

External links edit