Roman Capriccio: The Pantheon and Other Monuments

Roman Capriccio: The Pantheon and Other Monuments is a 1735 oil painting by Italian artist Giovanni Paolo Panini, located in the Indianapolis Museum of Art, which is in Indianapolis, Indiana. It depicts an array of famous Roman monuments in a rural setting.[1]

Roman Capriccio: The Pantheon and Other Monuments
ArtistGiovanni Paolo Panini
TypeOil painting on canvas
Dimensions99 cm × 136 cm (39 in × 53.5 in)
LocationIndianapolis Museum of Art, Indianapolis



Panini was a famed painter of capriccios, architectural fantasies. In this case, he combined a staggering array of monuments by Romans without regard to topography. From left to right, he included the Temple of Hadrian, the Pantheon, the Temple of Vesta, the Maison Carrée, and the Theater of Marcellus, all of them surrounding the Obelisk of Thutmose III. In front of this overabundance of history, he placed the equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius, around which contemporary Roman peasants carry out their business.

While quite cavalier with regards to geography, Panini was remarkably faithful in his architectural reconstructions. He carefully edited out later additions to the original buildings, such as the walled-in sections in the arches of the Theater of Marcellus and Bernini's bell towers on the Pantheon's pediment.[1]

Historical information


Panini's earliest training was with a painter of theatrical scenery, and certain elements of that early influence can be seen in this painting. The arrangement of monuments is very similar to the way architectural perspective was achieved in the Italian theater. At the front of the "stage" are the peasant-actors in quaint costumes.[2]

Fashionable European youths undertook the Grand Tour throughout the eighteenth century, and for half a century to either side, and liked to bring back souvenirs of their travels. Thus, sketches and paintings of landmarks such as those in the Capriccio were very lucrative for Panini and his contemporaries. Escapism and contemplation were more important than geographical accuracy, so Panini was free to rearrange scenery in paintings like this.[3] This creative reorganization led to a better comprehension of the ideal, rather than current, conditions of the monuments and the civilization that made them.[4]



The IMA received Roman Capriccio: The Pantheon and Other Monuments and its pendant, The Colosseum and Other Monuments in 1950, as gifts of Lila Allison Lilly in memory of her husband, Josiah Kirby Lilly. Both are currently on view in the Jane H. Fortune Gallery. It has the accession number 50.5.[2]

See also



  1. ^ a b Lee, Ellen Wardwell; Robinson, Anne (2005). Indianapolis Museum of Art: Highlights of the Collection. Indianapolis: Indianapolis Museum of Art. ISBN 0936260777.
  2. ^ a b "Roman Capriccio: The Pantheon and Other Monuments". Indianapolis Museum of Art. Retrieved 29 January 2013.
  3. ^ Facos, Michelle (2011). An Introduction to Nineteenth Century Art. New York, New York: Routledge. ISBN 978-0203833070.
  4. ^ Innes, Randy Norman (2008), On the Limits of the Work of Art: The Fragment in Visual Culture (thesis), Rochester, New York: University of Rochester, ISBN 9780549985952