Roderick Mackenzie, 4th Earl of Cromartie
The Earl of Cromartie
|Known for||Chief of Clan Mackenzie|
|Born||Roderick Grant Francis Blunt-Mackenzie|
24 October 1904
|Died||13 December 1989(aged 85)|
Dorothy Downing Porter
(m. 1933; div. 1945)
Olga Laurence Mendoza
(m. 1947; div. 1962)
Lilian Janet Garvie Richard
|Parents||Sibell Blunt-Mackenzie, 3rd Countess of Cromartie|
Edward Walter Blunt
|Alma mater||Royal Military College, Sandhurst|
|Relatives||Constance Stewart-Richardson (aunt)|
Ancestry and early lifeEdit
Blunt-Mackenzie was born on 24 October 1904 and was baptised on 2 December 1904 at Adderbury Church, Oxfordshire. Styled Viscount Tarbat from birth, he was the eldest son of Lady Sibell Lilian Mackenzie, suo jure Countess of Cromartie and Lt.-Col. Edward Walter Blunt DL. His younger brother was the Hon. Walter Osra Blunt-Mackenzie, who served in the Royal Naval Reserve during World War II. He also had two sisters, Lady Janet Frances Isobel Blunt-Mackenzie (who died in infancy), and Lady Isobel Blunt-Mackenzie, the wife of Capt. Oscar Linda of Assynt House.
His grandfather, Francis Mackenzie, 2nd Earl of Cromartie, was a younger son of George Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 3rd Duke of Sutherland and Anne Hay-Mackenzie, 1st Countess of Cromartie (the great-great-granddaughter of George Mackenzie, 3rd Earl of Cromartie who took part in the Jacobite rising of 1745 and was attainted in 1746). His aunt, Lady Constance Mackenzie, was the wife of Sir Edward Stewart-Richardson, 15th Baronet, and was known for her semi-clad dancing for the "shilling seats" of theatres in 1910 which incurred the displeasure of Edward VII, who considered it unsuitable behaviour for a noblewoman, leading her to be barred from Court. His father was the eldest son of Maj.-Gen. Charles Harris Blunt of Adderbury Manor (the grandson of Walter Blunt, a younger son of Sir Henry Blunt, 2nd Baronet) and the former Mary Augusta Tod (a daughter of Col. James Tod, an officer of the British East India Company).
In 1924, Viscount Tarbat was commissioned in the 1st Battalion of the Seaforth Highlanders, moving to the 2nd Battalion in India in 1925. He fought on the North-West Frontier (present-day Khyber Pakhtunkhwa), in 1925, before secondment to the Royal West African Frontier Force in Nigeria between 1928 and 1930. Returning to the Seaforth Highlanders in India, he again served on the Frontier, during the 1930–31 Afridi Redshirt Rebellion. In 1932 he retired from the Regular Army, and held the office of Justice of the Peace for Ross and Cromarty in 1937.
In January 1938 he joined the 4th (Territorial) Battalion of the Seaforth Highlanders. In 1939, he gained the rank of Major and in 1940, during the World War II, he fought with the 4th Seaforth in France as part of the 51st (Highland) Division. Recommended for the Military Cross for his services during the retreat to the coast, he became a prisoner of war when his unit was cut off at St Valery-en-Caux on the Channel coast in June 1940. He was awarded the Military Cross after his release in 1945. He held the office of Member of the Ross and Cromarty County Council in 1964 and was awarded the Territorial Decoration the same year. He held the office of Sheriff of Ross and Cromarty and was appointed Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland.
He succeeded to the titles of 4th Baron Castlehaven, of Castlehaven, 4th Viscount Tarbat, of Tarbat, 4th Baron Macleod of Castle Leod, and 4th Earl of Cromartie on 20 May 1962. In 1979, Blunt-Mackenzie was recognised as Chief of the Clan Mackenzie by Lord Lyon. The seat of the Earls of Cromartie is Castle Leod, Strathpeffer, Ross-shire.
Lord Cromartie was married three times and the father of three children. While known as Viscount Tarbat, his first marriage took place in America on 11 March 1933 to the American divorcee, Dorothy (née Downing) Porter, a daughter of Grant Butler Downing of Kentucky. Before their divorce in 1945, they were the parents of two daughters:
- Lady Sibell Agnes Julia Blunt-Mackenzie (b. 1934), who married Francis Edward Lascelles Hadwen, eldest son of Edward Hubert Lascelles Hadwen of the Levant Consular Service, in 1953. After their divorce in 1961, she married Apputhurai Jeyarama Chandran, in 1974.
- Lady Gilean Frances Blunt-Mackenzie (b. 1936), who married architect René Eugène Welter, only son of Prof. Georges F. Welter, Consul-General for Luxembourg to Canada, in 1959. They divorced in 1973.
Dorothy later married Lt.-Col. Gunnar Gundersen of the Norwegian Army. On 30 January 1947, he married Olga (née Laurence) Mendoza (d. 1996), the former wife of Peter Mendoza, and daughter of Stuart Laurance of Paris. Before their divorce in 1962, they were the parents of one son:
Lord Cromartie died on 13 December 1989.
- Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knighthood (107 ed.). Burke's Peerage & Gentry. p. 977. ISBN 0-9711966-2-1.
- Peter W. Hammond, editor, The Complete Peerage or a History of the House of Lords and All its Members From the Earliest Times, Volume XIV: Addenda & Corrigenda (Stroud, Gloucestershire, U.K.: Sutton Publishing, 1998), page 222.
- "Cromartie, Earl of (UK, 1861)". cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 22 September 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "LADY CONSTANCE MARRIED.; Athletic Englishwoman, Known in This Country, Weds Sir Edward Richardson". The New York Times. 20 April 1904. Retrieved 22 September 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- A Cat May Look At A King, Chicago Tribune, 13 Feb 1910, p55
- TIMES, Special Cable to THE NEW YORK (25 November 1932). "NOTED HUNTRESS OF BIG GAME DIES; Lady Constance Richardson Once Caused Stir Here as Scantily Clad Dancer. AIDED CHARITY AT SHERRY'S Later Appeared In Vaudeville -- Hunted on Three Continents -- Daughter of Earl of Cromartle". The New York Times. Retrieved 22 September 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Regimental Journal of Queen’s Own Highlanders. Obituary, Major the Earl of Cromartie. Summer 1990, p 11.
- "Roderick Grant Francis Mackenzie, 4th Earl Cromartie - National Portrait Gallery". www.npg.org.uk. National Portrait Gallery, London. Retrieved 22 September 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Times, Wireless To the New York (21 July 1945). "Viscountess Divorces Tarbat". The New York Times. Retrieved 22 September 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Times, Special to The New York (4 October 1959). "1955 Debutante Bride in Boston Of Rene Welter; Gilean Blunt-Mackenzie Wed to Architect, a Graduate of McGill". The New York Times. Retrieved 22 September 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Mackenzie chief and wife part company". Ross-shire Journal. 30 March 2007. Retrieved 5 January 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Roderick Grant Francis Mackenzie, 4th Earl Cromartie (1904-1989), Major and Justice of the Peace at the National Portrait Gallery, London
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
| Earl of Cromartie