Francis Mackenzie, 2nd Earl of Cromartie

Francis Mackenzie, 2nd Earl of Cromartie ( Francis Sutherland-Leveson-Gower) (3 August 1852 – 24 November 1893) was a British Peer.[1]


The Earl of Cromartie
Mackenzie arms.svg
Cromartie Coat of Arms
Personal details
Born
Francis Sutherland-Leveson-Gower

(1852-11-24)24 November 1852
Died24 November 1893(1893-11-24) (aged 41)
Spouse(s)
Hon. Lillian Janet Bosville-Macdonald
(m. 1876; his death 1893)
RelationsCromartie Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 4th Duke of Sutherland (brother)
Roderick Mackenzie, 4th Earl of Cromartie (grandson)
ChildrenSibell Blunt-Mackenzie, 3rd Countess of Cromartie
Constance Stewart-Richardson

Early lifeEdit

Francis was born on 3 August 1852 as the third son of George Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 3rd Duke of Sutherland and Anne, Duchess of Sutherland. His elder surviving brother was Cromartie Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 4th Duke of Sutherland.[2] He had two sisters, Lady Florence Sutherland-Leveson-Gower (the wife of Henry Chaplin, 1st Viscount Chaplin), and Lady Alexandra Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, who died unmarried in 1891.[3]

His father was the eldest son of George Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 2nd Duke of Sutherland and the former Lady Harriett Howard (the third daughter of George Howard, 6th Earl of Carlisle and Lady Georgiana Cavendish, eldest daughter of William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire).[3] His mother was the only daughter of John Hay-Mackenzie of Newhall and Cromarty (the younger brother of George Hay, 7th Marquess of Tweeddale) and the former Anne Craig (the third daughter of Sir James Gibson-Craig, 1st Baronet).[2] She was the great-great-granddaughter of George Mackenzie, 3rd Earl of Cromartie who took part in the Jacobite rising of 1745 and was attainted in 1746).[2]

CareerEdit

Upon the death of his mother on 25 November 1888, he succeeded to the titles of 2nd Baron Castlehaven, of Castlehaven, 2nd Viscount Tarbat, of Tarbat, 2nd Baron Macleod of Castle Leod, and 2nd Earl of Cromartie on 25 November 1888. In 1979, Blunt-Mackenzie was recognised as Chief of the Clan Mackenzie by Lord Lyon.[2] The seat of the Earls of Cromartie is Castle Leod, Strathpeffer, Ross-shire.[1]

Personal lifeEdit

On 2 August 1876, Lord Francis was married to the Hon. Lillian Janet Bosville-Macdonald, the third surviving daughter of Godfrey Bosville-Macdonald, 4th Baron Macdonald and the former Maria Anne Wyndham (daughter and co-heiress of George Thomas Wyndham of Cromer Hall, Norfolk). Her aunt, Cecilia Wyndham, was the wife of Lord Alfred Paget (the sixth son of Henry Paget, 1st Marquess of Anglesey).[4] Together, they were the parents of two daughters:[2]

Lord Cromartie died on 24 November 1893.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knighthood (107 ed.). Burke's Peerage & Gentry. p. 977. ISBN 0-9711966-2-1.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Cromartie, Earl of (UK, 1861)". cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 22 September 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Sutherland, Duke of (UK, 1833)". cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 22 September 2020.
  4. ^ Walford, Edward (1860). The county families of the United Kingdom; or, Royal manual of the titled and untitled aristocracy of England, Wales, Scotland, and Ireland. Dalcassian Publishing Company. p. 326. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
  5. ^ "LADY CONSTANCE MARRIED.; Athletic Englishwoman, Known in This Country, Weds Sir Edward Richardson". The New York Times. 20 April 1904. Retrieved 22 September 2020.
  6. ^ A Cat May Look At A King, Chicago Tribune, 13 Feb 1910, p55
  7. ^ TIMES, Special Cable to THE NEW YORK (25 November 1932). "NOTED HUNTRESS OF BIG GAME DIES; Lady Constance Richardson Once Caused Stir Here as Scantily Clad Dancer. AIDED CHARITY AT SHERRY'S Later Appeared In Vaudeville -- Hunted on Three Continents -- Daughter of Earl of Cromartle". The New York Times. Retrieved 22 September 2020.

External linksEdit

Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Anne Hay-Mackenzie
Earl of Cromartie
1888–1893
Succeeded by
Sibell Lilian Blunt-Mackenzie