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Rocroi is a commune in the Ardennes department in northern France.

Rocroi
Skyline of Rocroi
Coat of arms of Rocroi
Coat of arms
Location of Rocroi
Rocroi is located in France
Rocroi
Rocroi
Rocroi is located in Grand Est
Rocroi
Rocroi
Coordinates: 49°55′34″N 4°31′20″E / 49.9261°N 4.5222°E / 49.9261; 4.5222Coordinates: 49°55′34″N 4°31′20″E / 49.9261°N 4.5222°E / 49.9261; 4.5222
CountryFrance
RegionGrand Est
DepartmentArdennes
ArrondissementCharleville-Mézières
CantonRocroi
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Michel Sobanska
Area
1
50.41 km2 (19.46 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
2,392
 • Density47/km2 (120/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
08367 /08230
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

The central area is a notable surviving example of a Star Fort.

Contents

PopulationEdit

YearPop.±%
17933,260—    
18002,846−12.7%
18063,008+5.7%
18213,501+16.4%
18313,173−9.4%
18363,232+1.9%
18413,780+17.0%
18463,590−5.0%
18513,765+4.9%
18662,998−20.4%
18722,281−23.9%
18762,381+4.4%
18812,977+25.0%
18863,172+6.6%
18912,265−28.6%
18962,193−3.2%
19012,176−0.8%
19062,116−2.8%
19112,256+6.6%
19212,127−5.7%
19262,442+14.8%
19312,436−0.2%
19362,250−7.6%
19461,969−12.5%
19542,348+19.2%
19622,870+22.2%
19682,997+4.4%
19752,911−2.9%
19822,789−4.2%
19902,555−8.4%
19992,420−5.3%
20082,386−1.4%

HistoryEdit

Rocroi was fortified by Francis I of France and expanded by Henry II of France. Because of its strategic location in the north of France it changed hands a number of times during wars. It is best known for the Battle of Rocroi in 1643. In the 1670s the fortifications were re-modelled by the French engineer Vauban. [2]

In 1815, two months after the Battle of Waterloo, the town was taken by Prussian and British forces (on 16 August).

 
Rocroi seen from the air shows its defensive structure

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ http://www.fortified-places.com/rocroi.html

External linksEdit