Rockland (Leesburg, Virginia)

Rockland is the home of Virginia's Rust family, near Leesburg, Virginia. The property housed slaves to work their farm. The property was acquired by General George Rust from the heirs of Colonel Burgess Ball in 1817. General Rust built the present brick residence about 1822, incorporating an older frame house as a rear service wing.

Rockland
Rockland, Leesburg, Virginia.jpg
Rockland (Leesburg, Virginia) is located in Northern Virginia
Rockland (Leesburg, Virginia)
Rockland (Leesburg, Virginia) is located in Virginia
Rockland (Leesburg, Virginia)
Rockland (Leesburg, Virginia) is located in the United States
Rockland (Leesburg, Virginia)
LocationEast side of US 15, north of Leesburg, near Leesburg, Virginia
Coordinates39°9′49.7″N 77°32′4.8″W / 39.163806°N 77.534667°W / 39.163806; -77.534667Coordinates: 39°9′49.7″N 77°32′4.8″W / 39.163806°N 77.534667°W / 39.163806; -77.534667
Built1822
Architectural styleFederal
NRHP reference No.87000752
VLR No.053-0096
Significant dates
Added to NRHPMay 14, 1987[2]
Designated VLRMarch 17, 1987[1]

General Rust was involved in the Baltimore area during the War of 1812 and was a member of the Virginia House of Delegates in 1818-1819 and 1820–1823. The 1850 U.S. Federal Census - Slave Schedules lists 33 slaves as being owned by George Rust of Loudon County.[3] The Rust of Virginia genealogy is available online and lists names and transactions for some of the enslaved. On his death in 1857 the house passed to his son, Colonel Armistead Thompson Mason Rust. Born at Rockland in 1820, Colonel Rust attended West Point and served with the Confederate 19th Virginia Infantry during the American Civil War. On Colonel Rust's death in 1887, his son Henry Bedinger Rust inherited the property. Henry enlarged the house in 1908 to its present configuration. The house continues to be owned by the Brown family, descendants of the Rusts through Henry's daughter Elizabeth Fitzhugh Rust Brown.[4]

The Federal style house has a central hall, single pile plan, extended by the 1908 additions to a double-pile plan. A one-story Roman Doric portico was added to the south elevation in 1908, while the rear (east) elevation has a Roman Doric porch across its width. The property includes a number of outbuildings, including a brick overseer's residence, brick slave quarters, a smokehouse, a small barn, a farm supervisor's house and a variety of twentieth century buildings.[4]

Rockland was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1987.[2]

Reference Rust, Ellsworth M. Rust of Virginia Genealogical and Biological Sketches of the Descendents of William Rust 1654–1940. Washington, 1940. http://wvancestry.com/ReferenceMaterial/Files/Rust_of_Virginia;_genealogical_and_biographical_sketches_of_the_descendants_of_William_Rust_1654-1940.pdf

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Virginia Landmarks Register". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Retrieved 5 June 2013.
  2. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
  3. ^ The National Archive in Washington DC; Washington, DC; NARA Microform Publication: M432; Title: Seventh Census Of The United States, 1850; Record Group: Records of the Bureau of the Census; Record Group Number: 29
  4. ^ a b Wells, John (1987). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory - Nomination Form: Rockland" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved 2009-06-25.

External linksEdit

  • Rockland at the Journey Through Hallowed Ground