Road Warrior Animal
Joseph Michael Laurinaitis (born September 12, 1960) is an American professional wrestler, better known by his ring name, Road Warrior Animal (or simply Animal). Along with Road Warrior Hawk, he was one half of the tag team The Road Warriors/The Legion of Doom. Also a sporadic singles competitor, he headlined the 2001 WCW pay-per-view event Sin, in contention for the WCW World Heavyweight Championship.
|Road Warrior Animal|
Animal in 2017
|Birth name||Joseph Michael Laurinaitis|
|Born||September 12, 1960|
|Children||3; including James Laurinaitis|
|Family||John Laurinaitis (brother)|
Marcus Laurinaitis (brother)
|Professional wrestling career|
Road Warrior Animal
The Road Warrior
|Billed height||6 ft 2 in (188 cm)|
|Billed weight||305 lb (138 kg)|
|Billed from||Chicago, Illinois|
|Trained by||Eddie Sharkey|
Laurinaitis grew up in Minnesota, having to work for a living from a very early age. He attended Irondale High School. Because of his size and love of power lifting, Laurinaitis was an imposing figure and thus a very effective bouncer. He worked as a bouncer at Grandma B's in the Twin Cities where he caught the eye of Eddie Sharkey, a well-known wrestling trainer. Sharkey thought that Laurinaitis and Mike Hegstrand, Richard Rood, and Barry Darsow could make it big in professional wrestling, and trained all four of them.
Professional wrestling careerEdit
Early career (1982–1983)Edit
Laurinaitis made his debut in November 1982, competing as The Road Warrior using a biker gimmick. After only a few matches as a singles competitor, Joe's career and life would change thanks to an idea by Paul Ellering.
American and Japanese territories (1983–1986)Edit
When Paul Ellering was looking to put together a stable of heels in Georgia Championship Wrestling (GCW) called "The Legion of Doom", it was decided to put Laurinaitis together with his good friend Mike Hegstrand and change their names to "Animal" and "Hawk" respectively. Thus, the Road Warriors were born. They first started out as biker gimmicks; on The Road Warriors DVD, Animal said he felt like one of the Village People. To look more intimidating, the two shaved their heads into Mohawks and started wearing studded dog collars, spiked shoulder pads, and face paint. The look and name were taken from The Road Warrior, helping to paint the two as no-mercy monsters. Their interview style was vicious, yet charismatic and a bit humorous.
The team was an instant hit, revolutionizing the tag-team scene with their power moves, no mercy attitudes, and innovative face paint that would spawn many future imitators in wrestling. In Georgia, they won the NWA National Tag Team Championship four times before moving on to bigger promotions, such as the American Wrestling Association in the US and All Japan Pro Wrestling, winning more tag team titles.
Jim Crockett Promotions (1986–1990)Edit
Their hard hitting style, no nonsense attitude, and winning ways made the Road Warriors fan favorites. Even when they were booked as heels, the fans refused to boo them. They started to split their time between the AWA and the National Wrestling Alliance (NWA) until finally leaving the AWA for big money contracts with the NWA and a huge push for the monster duo. The move paid off instantly as they won the inaugural Jim Crockett Sr. Memorial Cup Tag Team Tournament and feuded with the top stars of the NWA such as The Four Horsemen and The Russian Team (which included the Road Warriors' old training buddy Barry Darsow). During their initial run in the NWA, they helped popularize the WarGames match, the Scaffold match, and their trademark Chicago Street Fight.
In 1988, the Road Warriors engaged in a violent feud with The Powers of Pain (The Barbarian and The Warlord) the first team that could truly match the Road Warriors in power (and who were one of the most well known Road Warrior clones). The Powers of Pain even went so far as to injure Animal's eye (kayfabe) during a weightlifting competition. When Animal returned, he initially wore a hockey goalie mask to protect his eye. The angle abruptly ended when the Powers of Pain left the NWA after finding out they were booked against the Road Warriors in a series of Scaffold Matches and they did not want to get hurt by falling off the scaffold.
Near the end of 1988, the Road Warriors captured the NWA World Tag Team Championship from The Midnight Express whom they mauled in short order to win the titles. After being the "Uncrowned champions" for a long time the Road Warriors' run with the tag team titles was short lived. Teddy Long used a fast count to cheat the Road Warriors out of their titles. In their last year with the NWA, the Warriors feuded mainly with The Varsity Club, The Samoan Swat Team, and The Skyscrapers before leaving the NWA in the summer of 1990, due to conflicts with Jim Herd.
World Wrestling Federation (1990–1992)Edit
The Road Warriors immediately signed with the World Wrestling Federation (WWF) in 1990 and were pushed into a feud with the most famous of all "Road Warrior Clones", Demolition, a group which included their old training partner Barry Darsow. Due to the ailing health of one of Demolition (Ax) he was replaced by Crush but the magic of the original Demolition was gone and the feud did not live up to the high hopes of the fans.
Just over a year after signing with the WWF, the Legion of Doom won the WWF Tag Team Championship and held it for about eight months. When they lost the titles, they briefly left the WWF, only to return with longtime manager Paul Ellering by their side, as well as a wooden ventriloquist dummy called "Rocco". Both members of the L.O.D. thought the Rocco gimmick was stupid, and it led to Hegstrand walking out of the WWF immediately following SummerSlam 1992, leaving Laurinaitis on his own for the first time in nine years. Animal went ahead and finished his contractual obligations with the WWF, as a singles wrestler and occasionally teaming with former rival Crush, formerly of Demolition. During a handicap match in Japan against the Beverly Brothers in September 1992, Laurinaitis legitimately injured his back from a botched double suplex and had to take a lengthy hiatus. His last match was a victory over Papa Shango in San Francisco, California on October 16. After this his back was too injured to allow him to wrestle.
World Championship Wrestling (1993, 1996)Edit
Laurinaitis made some non-wrestling appearances in WCW in 1993. On August 18, at the Clash of the Champions, Animal made his appearance, getting out of a black Camaro Z28 indicating his partner Hawk was Dustin Rhodes' mystery partner against Rick Rude and The Equalizer. On September 19, at Fall Brawl, Animal was the advisor for Sting's team, consisting of Sting, Davey Boy Smith, Dustin Rhodes, and The Shockmaster for WarGames, defeating Big Van Vader, Sid Vicious, and Harlem Heat. On January 4, 1995, Animal seconded Hawk in his match against Scott Norton in New Japan Pro Wrestling's annual Tokyo Dome show.
For the next couple of years, Laurinaitis stayed out of the wrestling ring, collecting on an insurance policy from Lloyd's of London while Hegstrand competed all over the world. Near the end of 1995, Laurinaitis' back had finally recovered enough for him to return to active competition. Three years after everyone thought the Road Warriors had ended, they reunited and signed a contract with World Championship Wrestling. Upon their return in January 1996, they immediately started a feud with the Steiner Brothers, who returned in March, and Harlem Heat, before moving on to challenge the WCW Tag Team Champions Sting and Lex Luger. The Road Warriors had several shots at the champions but never won the title in the six months they were with the company. The Steiner Brothers also arrived shortly after the Warriors did, and feuded with them to try to prove who the best team of all time was. The Steiners got the better of the feud and the Warriors left WCW in June 1996.
Return to WWF (1997–1999)Edit
After leaving WCW they returned to the WWF where the Legion of Doom took part in the Stone Cold Steve Austin vs. the Hart Foundation feud, siding with Austin against the Harts. The Legion of Doom also became two-time tag team champions on October 7, 1997, when they defeated The Godwinns. In November 1997, the Legion of Doom faced the newly formed New Age Outlaws (Road Dogg and Billy Gunn) and lost the titles to the upstart team.
After several unsuccessful challenges the L.O.D. were repackaged as Legion of Doom 2000 with manager Sunny, although she did not stay with the team for long. At the same time, Paul Ellering returned, but sided with D.O.A., whom L.O.D. were feuding with at the time; Ellering and Animal explained on the Road Warriors DVD that it was hard for Ellering to work with another team against the Road Warriors and difficult to rip on his former team on promos.
In 1998, the Legion of Doom became involved in their most controversial angle; playing off Hegstrand's real life drug and alcohol problems. Hawk started to show up drunk or "unable to perform" on TV. As Hawk proved more and more erratic and unreliable, a third L.O.D. member, Puke, was introduced to team with Animal while Hawk dealt with his personal issues. The storyline ended with accusations that Puke had been the "enabler" of Hawk's problems, exploiting them to take Hawk's place in the team. During the controversial segment, Hawk was shown to have fallen off the Titan Tron. Neither Hegstrand nor Laurinaitis approved of the WWF exploiting Hegstrand's personal problems, which caused them to subsequently leave the WWF.
While the Road Warriors never officially broke up, Animal started making an increasing number of solo appearances after they left the WWF as Hegstrand struggled with drug and alcohol addiction.
Return to WCW (2001)Edit
In 2001 Animal landed a prominent position in WCW as the "enforcer" of the stable known as The Magnificent Seven with the objective to protect WCW World Champion Scott Steiner. The Magnificent Seven split up shortly before Vince McMahon purchased WCW; Animal's contract was not one of the contracts the WWF picked up.
Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (2002–2003, 2007, 2016)Edit
The Road Warriors appeared in Total Nonstop Action Wrestling in late 2002 to early 2003 as part of a group that opposed Vince Russo's faction Sports Entertainment Xtreme, but would only wrestle one actual match for the promotion.
On June 17, 2007, Road Warrior Animal returned to Total Nonstop Action Wrestling on the pay-per-view, Slammiversary, with Rick Steiner; he replaced Scott Steiner, who was out with an injury. They ended up losing to Team 3D.
Second return to WWE (2003–2012)Edit
Animal and Hawk made a surprise appearance on Raw on May 12, 2003 when they took on Kane and Rob Van Dam for the World Tag Team Championship. Hawk would die five months later, on October 19, 2003.
Animal made a return to WWE on the July 14 episode of SmackDown! in 2005, where he was challenged by the then-WWE Tag Team Champions MNM to a title match at The Great American Bash. Finding a new tag team partner in Heidenreich, Animal went on to defeat MNM for the titles, dedicating the win to Hawk by saying, "Hawk, this one was for you, brother!" The two would team up for a few months in a new chapter of the Legion of Doom, with Heidenreich adopting the L.O.D.'s shoulder pads, face paint, and mohawk haircut. However, this came to an end with Heidenreich's release from WWE on January 17, 2006.
On the March 3, 2006, episode of SmackDown!, Animal teamed up with Matt Hardy to face MNM. After he and Hardy lost the match, Animal turned heel for the second time in his career by attacking and injuring Hardy's knee. Animal reasoned that he had realized that Hardy and Heidenreich were screw-ups and that Road Warrior Hawk was the only tag team legend and partner for him. After the heel turn, Animal, once again known simply as The Road Warrior, would drop many aspects of the well-known Road Warrior gimmick, losing the face paint, and shoulder pads. Animal's look at this time was similar to his old Road Warrior gimmick in the early 1980s he had prior to teaming up with Hawk. On the March 17 episode of SmackDown!, Animal lost to Hardy in a Money in the Bank qualifying match. Animal was defeated by United States Champion Chris Benoit on the March 31 episode of SmackDown!.
WWE announced on March 28, 2011, on WWE Raw that the Road Warriors would be inducted into the 2011 Hall of Fame. Animal also spoke openly about his future induction on Right After Wrestling just minutes after the announcement on WWE Raw. Animal told hosts, Arda Ocal and Jim Korderas that the WWE was going to create a physical Hall of Fame in Tampa and he was going to donate his trademarked 'spiked-shoulder pads' to that Hall.
On the July 20, 2012, episode of WWE SmackDown on Syfy, Animal returned to face Heath Slater in honor of Raw's 1,000th episode. He went on to squash Slater. He then reappeared on the actual 1,000th episode on July 23 with other WWE Legends to help Lita take down Slater.
Laurinaitis released an autobiography with William Andrew Wright titled The Road Warriors: Danger, Death, and the Rush of Wrestling on March 1, 2011 published by Medallion Press, Inc. The book talks about the rise of The Road Warriors, shares funny stories of life on the road, and offers behind-the-scenes accounts of the wrestling industry.
Laurinaitis and his former wife Julie, a former powerlifter and bodybuilder, have two children, son James (born 1986) and daughter Jessica (born 1989). Laurinaitis also has a son named Joseph (born 1981) from a previous marriage.
Laurinaitis' brothers have both been involved in professional wrestling over the years. John Laurinaitis (Johnny Ace) is the former Executive Vice President of Talent Relations for World Wrestling Entertainment and a former wrestler. Marcus Laurinaitis is a former wrestler, mainly known as one half of the tag team The Wrecking Crew (Terminator / Fury).
Laurinaitis' son, James Laurinaitis, played linebacker for the Ohio State University. As a sophomore, James won the Bronko Nagurski Trophy, given to the best defensive player in the country, and was a finalist for the Butkus Award, which is awarded to the best linebacker in the country. In 2007, James won the Butkus Award. In fact, Sports Illustrated made a joke about borrowing his father's shoulder pads and later did an interview with him that included a picture of him wearing them. He was drafted by the St. Louis Rams in the second round as the 35th overall pick in the 2009 NFL Draft, and played with the Rams through the team's final season in St. Louis in 2015, after which he moved to the New Orleans Saints.
In July 2016, Laurinaitis was named part of a class action lawsuit filed against WWE which alleged that wrestlers incurred traumatic brain injuries during their tenure and that the company concealed the risks of injury. The suit was litigated by attorney Konstantine Kyros, who had been involved in a number of other lawsuits against WWE. US District Judge Vanessa Lynne Bryant dismissed the lawsuit in September 2018.
Championships and accomplishmentsEdit
- All Japan Pro Wrestling
- American Wrestling Association
- Fighting World of Japan Pro Wrestling
- World Japan Tag Team Championship (1 time) – with Road Warrior Hawk
- George Tragos/Lou Thesz Professional Wrestling Hall of Fame
- Frank Gotch Award (2012)
- Georgia Championship Wrestling
- i-Generation Superstars of Wrestling
- i-Generation Tag Team Championship (3 times) – with Road Warrior Hawk
- Independent Pro Wrestling
- IPW Tag Team Championship (1 time) – with Road Warrior Hawk
- International Wrestling Superstars
- IWS World Tag Team Championship (1 time) – with Road Warrior Hawk
- Jim Crockett Promotions / World Championship Wrestling
- NWA World Six-Man Tag Team Championship (3 times) – with Road Warrior Hawk and Dusty Rhodes (2) and Road Warrior Hawk and Genichiro Tenryu (1)1
- NWA World Tag Team Championship (Mid-Atlantic version) (1 time) – with Road Warrior Hawk2
- Iron Team Tournament (1989) – with Road Warrior Hawk
- Jim Crockett, Sr. Memorial Cup (1986) – with Road Warrior Hawk
- Minnesota Wrestling Hall of Fame
- Class of 2019
- National Wrestling Alliance
- Professional Championship Wrestling (Texas)
- PCW Tag Team Championship (1 time) – with Road Warrior Hawk
- Professional Wrestling Hall of Fame and Museum
- Pro Wrestling Illustrated
- PWI Comeback of the Year (2005)
- PWI Feud of the Year (1987) with Road Warrior Hawk and The Super Powers (Dusty Rhodes and Nikita Koloff) vs. The Four Horsemen (Ric Flair, Arn Anderson, Tully Blanchard, and Lex Luger)
- PWI Tag Team of the Year (1983–1985, 1988) with Road Warrior Hawk
- PWI ranked him #64 of the 500 best singles wrestlers of the "PWI Years" in 2003
- PWI ranked him #1 of the 100 best tag teams of the "PWI Years" with Road Warrior Hawk in 2003
- Quebec Wrestling Hall of Fame
- Class of 2015 - with Road Warrior Hawk
- Super World of Sports
- One Night Tag Team Tournament (1991) – with Hawk
- Toryumon Mexico
- Tokyo Sports
- World Wrestling Federation/Entertainment/WWE
- Wrestling Observer Newsletter awards
1The Road Warriors reign with the NWA World Six-Man Tag Team Championship, with Genichiro Tenryu, began December 7, 1988 after Ted Turner's purchase of Mid-Atlantic Championship Wrestling from Jim Crockett Jr. and having it renamed World Championship Wrestling.
2Hawk and Animal's reign with this championship also happened after Ted Turner bought and renamed the promotion. However, it took place before the title was renamed the WCW World Tag Team Championship.
- "Joseph Michael Laurinaitis Facebook status about his and Hawk's birthdays".
- "OWW Profile".
- "Road Warriors' Alumni Profile". WWE. Retrieved May 24, 2007.
- "Statistics for Professional wrestlers". PWI Presents: 2007 Wrestling Almanak and book of facts. Kappa Publications. p. 38. 2007 Edition.
- "Death of a REAL Legend".
- Oliver, Greg; Johnson, Steve (2005). The Pro Wrestling Hall of Fame: The Tag Teams. ECW Press. ISBN 978-1-55022-683-6.
- Various Comments: (June 14, 2005). Road Warriors: The Life and Death of Wrestling's Most Dominant Tag-Team (DVD). USA: WWE Home Video.
- Duncan, Royal; Will, Gary (2006). Wrestling Title Histories (4th ed.). Archeus Communications. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4.
- "NWA Crockett Cup Results (1986)". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- "NeWA Great American Bash Results (1987 #1)". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- "NWA Great American Bash Results (1987 #2)". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- "NWA Great American Bash Results (1987 #3)". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- "NWA Starrcade Results (1987)". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- "NWA Great American Bash Results (1986)". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- "NWA/AWA Star Wars Results (December 1985)". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- "NWA/AWA Star Wars Results (1986)". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- "NWA Starrcade Results (1986)". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- "NWA Wrestle War Results (1990)". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- "NWA Chi-Town Rumble Results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- "NWA Clash of the Champions Results (VI)". Pro Wrestling History. Archived from the original on June 23, 2008. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- "NWA Wrestle War Results (1989)". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- "NWA Clash of the Champions Results (VIII)". Pro Wrestling History. Archived from the original on June 23, 2008. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- "NWA Great American Bash Results (1989)". Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- "NWA Halloween Havoc Results (1989)". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- "NWA Clash of the Champions Results (X)". Pro Wrestling History. Archived from the original on June 23, 2008. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- Cawthon, Graham. "WWF Show Results 1990". Retrieved April 17, 2007.
(June 25, 1990) The Legion of Doom defeated Black Bart & Tom Stone at 1:12 when Road Warrior Hawk pinned Stone following the Doomsday Device (LOD's debut)
- Shields, Brian (2006). Main event – WWE in the raging 80s (4th ed.). Pocket Books. ISBN 978-1-4165-3257-6.
- Reynolds, R.D.; Baer, Randy (2003). Wrestlecrap – the very worst of pro wrestling. ECW Press. ISBN 1-55022-584-7.
- "WCW SuperBrawl Results (VI)". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- "WCW Uncensored Results (1996)". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- "WCW Slamboree Results (1996)". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- Cawthon, Graham. "WWF Show Results 1997". Retrieved April 17, 2007.
(February 24, 1997) The Legion of Doom fought the Headbangers to a double count-out; after the bout, Road Warrior Hawk hit the flying clothesline on one of the Headbangers (LOD's surprise return match after more than a four-year absence)
- "WWF In Your House Results (Canadian Stampede)". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- Joseph "Animal" Laurinaitis (June 14, 2005). Road Warriors: The Life and Death of Wrestling's Most Dominant Tag-Team (DVD). USA: WWE Home Video.
- "WCW Sin Results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- "TNA Weekly PPV Results 2003". Total Nonstop Action Wrestling. Archived from the original on January 27, 2007. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
(January 15, 2003) Vince Russo & Triple X (Christopher Daniels, Low Ki, and Elix Skipper) defeated NWA World Heavyweight Champion, Jeff Jarrett, Dusty Rhodes, z,d The Road Warriors (Hawk and Animal)
- Cawthon, Graham. "WWE Show Results 2003". Retrieved April 17, 2007.
(May 12, 2003) WWE Raw Tag Team Champions Rob Van Dam & Kane defeated the Legion of Doom when RVD pinned Road Warrior Hawk following the chokeslam / Five Star Frog Splash combo (LOD's surprise return after more than a 4-year absence)
- "Smackdown Results (July 14, 2005)". WWE. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
After being attacked by WWE Tag Team Champions MNM, Road Warrior Animal stormed the ring to a tremendous ovation to make the save.
- "WWE Great American Bash Results (2005)". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- Keller, Wade. "WWE News: WWE updates status of drug testing program, Heidenreich released". Pro Wrestling Torch. Archived from the original on January 1, 2007. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
WWE.com reports that Heidenreich has been released from his WWE contract
- Cawthon, Graham. "WWE Show Results 2006". Retrieved April 17, 2007.
(February 27, 2006) WWE Smackdown! Tag Team Champions Johnny Nitro & Joey Mercury (w/ Melina) defeated Matt Hardy & Road Warrior Animal (mystery partner) in a non-title match when Mercury pinned Hardy following the Snapshot at 7:37 after Nitro prevented Mercury from sustaining the Doomsday Device, in which Animal went up top and Hardy lifted Mercury on his shoulders; after the bout, Animal argued with Hardy for the loss before attacking his injured knee and ramming it into the ringpost)
- "SmackDown! — March 17, 2006". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved November 22, 2018.
- "SmackDown! — March 31, 2006". Online World of Wrestling.
- Cawthon, Graham. "WWE Show Results 2006". Retrieved April 17, 2007.
(May 2, 2006) Road Warrior Animal defeated Paul Birchill
- Keller, Wade. "WWE News: Sabu vs. Cena, RVD vs. Rey, Animal released, Rock movie update". Pro Wrestling Torch. Archived from the original on January 1, 2007. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
WWE.com announced that Road Warrior Animal has been released
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 29, 2012. Retrieved March 29, 2011.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- The Road Warriors : Danger, Death, and the Rush of Wrestling, from WorldCat.org
- He lived with his ex- wife, Julia and their two children, James, and Jessica, in suburban Minneapolis. Joseph, 22, his son from a previous marriage, is in the U.S. military, with tours of duty in Kuwait and Iraq under his belt.
- While Joe wrestled more than 250 nights a year, flying home to coach football and baseball on Saturday morning then flying back out to wrestle again that night, it was Julie, a power lifter and bodybuilder, who played catch during the week. Archived June 3, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- "Player Bio: James Laurinaitis : Football". Retrieved April 19, 2007.
- Newman, Elisabeth. "SI Players: First Person James Laurinaitis, Ohio State Linebacker". CNN. Retrieved April 19, 2007.
- "WWE sued in wrestler class action lawsuit featuring Jimmy 'Superfly' Snuka, Paul 'Mr Wonderful' Orndorff". FoxSports.com. Fox Entertainment Group (21st Century Fox). July 18, 2015. Retrieved July 20, 2016.
- Collins, Dave (September 19, 2018). "Judge throws out lawsuit against WWE by ex-pro wrestlers over concussions". The Denver Post. Retrieved October 22, 2018.
- Alvarez, Bryan (November 15, 2011). "Tues update: Tons more from Raw, UFC vs. New York notes, more WWE Twitter madness, HDNet signs new MMA deal, MMA legend heading to ROH, tons more". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved November 15, 2011.
- Meltzer, Dave (November 17, 2012). "Sat. update: Great TV show, WWE multiple releases, Austin talks WWE Hall of Fame, Best night for Bellator, PPV predictions, NWA Hall of Fame, James Storm headlines benefit show, Devitt takes another title". Wrestling Observer Newsletter. Retrieved November 17, 2012.
- "Lawler, McMahon, Road Warriors among PWHF Class of 2011". Professional Wrestling Hall of Fame and Museum. November 26, 2010. Retrieved November 28, 2010.
- Cawthon, Graham (2013). the History of Professional Wrestling Vol 2: WWF 1990 - 1999. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. ASIN B00RWUNSRS.
- "Lo Mejor de la Lucha Libre Mexicana 2008". SuperLuchas (in Spanish). January 6, 2009. 296. Retrieved July 11, 2009.
- 東京スポーツ プロレス大賞. Tokyo Sports (in Japanese). Retrieved January 20, 2014.
- Professional Wrestling Hall of Fame profile
- WWE Hall of Fame profile
- Road Warrior Animal Speaks On Hawk's Death, WWE & More
- Interview with Animal by Genickbruch.com
- Road Warrior Animal on Facebook
- Road Warrior Animal on Twitter
- Road Warrior Animal's profile at Cagematch.net, Wrestlingdata.com, Internet Wrestling Database