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Lieutenant-General Rizwan Akhtar (Urdu: رضوان اختر‎) is a former three-star rank Pakistan Army general. He is a former spymaster who served as Director-General of the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI).[2] He took office on 8 November 2014. On 8th Oct 2017, he announced his pre-mature retirement from service[1]

Rizwan Akhtar
رضوان اختر
President of National Defence University, Islamabad
In office
11 December 2016[1] – 9 October 2017
21st Director General of Inter-Services Intelligence
In office
7 November 2014 – 11 December 2016
PresidentMamnoon Hussain
Prime MinisterNawaz Sharif
Preceded byZaheer-ul-Islam
Succeeded byNaveed Mukhtar
Director-General of Sindh Rangers
Military service
Nickname(s)Spy Master
AllegiancePakistan Pakistan
Branch/serviceFlag of the Pakistani Army.svg Pakistan Army
RankOF-8 PakistanArmy.svg US-O9 insignia.svg Lieutenant-General
CommandsPresident National Defence University, Islamabad
DG Rangers Sindh

Military careerEdit

Rizwan Akhtar was commissioned in the Pakistan Army in the Frontier Force Regiment in September 1982. He commanded an infantry brigade and infantry division in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (Fata) after served as Operation and Planning Officer at Peshawar Corps. Previously as Sindh DG Rangers, Major General Rizwan Akhtar had been assigned with the task to lead the Karachi operation. Akhtar is also considered to have extensive experience of counterinsurgency from a previous posting in the border region of South Waziristan. After getting promoted to the rank of Lieutenant General in September 2014, he was posted as Director General of Inter-Services Intelligence. Lately he was President National Defense University but recently took pre-mature retirement from service in October 2017.[1][2]

Academic careerEdit

Rizwan Akhtar is a graduate of the Command and Staff College in Quetta, National Defense University, Islamabad (NDU) and United States Army War College, Pennsylvania, USA. At the US Army War College, Akhtar authored a strategy research project report titled ‘US-Pakistan trust deficit and the war on terror’ in fulfillment of the requirements of the Master in Strategic Studies Degree.[3]


  1. ^ a b c Syed, Baqir Sajjad (11 December 2016). "Rizwan Akhtar takes over as ISI chief". Dawn. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Lt-Gen Rizwan Akhtar named ISI chief". Dawn. 22 September 2014. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
  3. ^ Boone, Jon (22 September 2014). "Pakistan appoints Rizwan Akhtar to head intelligence agency". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 September 2014.
Military offices
Preceded by
Director General of the Inter-Services Intelligence Succeeded by
Naveed Mukhtar