Var (river)

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The Var (French: [vaʁ] (About this soundlisten); Occitan: Var, Italian: Varo, Latin: Varus) is a river located in the southeast of France. It is 114 km (71 mi) long.[1] Its drainage basin is 2,812 km2 (1,086 sq mi).[2]

Rooftops of Entrevaux and the gorge of the Var
Var (fleuve).png
Native nameLe Var  (French)
Physical characteristics
 • locationMaritime Alps
 • elevation1,800 m (5,900 ft)
 • location
Mediterranean Sea
 • coordinates
43°39′13″N 7°11′59″E / 43.65361°N 7.19972°E / 43.65361; 7.19972 (Mediterranean Sea-Var)Coordinates: 43°39′13″N 7°11′59″E / 43.65361°N 7.19972°E / 43.65361; 7.19972 (Mediterranean Sea-Var)
Length114 km (71 mi)
Basin size2,812 km2 (1,086 sq mi)
 • average50 to 100 m3/s (1,800 to 3,500 cu ft/s)

The Var flows through the Alpes-Maritimes département for most of its length, with a short (~15 km or ~9 mi) stretch in the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence département. It is a unique case in France of a river not flowing in the département named after it (see Var).


The river name is attested in Latin as Vārus and in Ancient Greek as Ouãros (Οὐᾶρος). It stems from the Indo-European root *uōr- (earlier *uer-), meaning 'water, river' (cf. Sanskrit vār, Old Norse vari).[3]


The Var rises near the Col de la Cayolle (2,326 m/7,631 ft) in the Maritime Alps and flows generally southeast to its outflow into the Mediterranean Sea between Nice and Saint-Laurent-du-Var. Its main tributaries are the Cians, the Tinée, the Vésubie, the Coulomp, the Estéron, the Tuébi, the Chalvagne, the Barlatte, the Bourdous and the Roudoule.[1]

The Var flows through the following départements and towns:


  1. ^ a b Sandre. "Fiche cours d'eau - Le Var (Y6--0200)".
  2. ^ Bassin versant : Var (Le), Observatoire Régional Eau et Milieux Aquatiques en PACA
  3. ^ Delamarre 2003, p. 301.


External linksEdit