Var (river)

The Var (Occitan: Var, Italian: Varo, Latin: Varus) is a river located in the southeast of France.

Rooftops of Entrevaux and the gorge of the Var
Var (fleuve).png
Native nameLe Var  (French)
Physical characteristics
 • locationMaritime Alps
 • elevation1,800 m (5,900 ft)
 • location
Mediterranean Sea
 • coordinates
43°39′13″N 7°11′59″E / 43.65361°N 7.19972°E / 43.65361; 7.19972 (Mediterranean Sea-Var)Coordinates: 43°39′13″N 7°11′59″E / 43.65361°N 7.19972°E / 43.65361; 7.19972 (Mediterranean Sea-Var)
Length114 km (71 mi)
Basin size2,742 km2 (1,059 sq mi)
 • average50 to 100 m3/s (1,800 to 3,500 cu ft/s)

The Var flows through the Alpes-Maritimes département for most of its length, with a short (~15 km or ~9 mi) stretch in the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence département. It is a unique case in France of a river not flowing in the département named after it (see Var).

The Var rises near the Col de la Cayolle (2,326 m/7,631 ft) in the Maritime Alps and flows generally southeast for 114 kilometres (71 mi) into the Mediterranean between Nice and Saint-Laurent-du-Var. Its main tributaries are the Cians, the Tinée, the Vésubie, the Coulomp, the Estéron, the Tuébi, the Chalvagne, the Barlatte, the Bourdous and the Roudoule.

The Var flows through the following départements and towns: