Richard Shope

Richard Edwin Shope (December 25, 1901 – October 2, 1966) was an American virologist who, together with his mentor Paul A. Lewis at the Rockefeller Institute, identified influenzavirus A in pigs in 1931.[1] Using Shope's technique, Smith, Andrewes, and Laidlaw of England's Medical Research Council cultured it from a human in 1933.[1] They and Shope in 1935 and 1936, respectively, identified it as the virus circulating in the 1918 pandemic.[1] In 1933, Shope identified the Shope papillomavirus, which infects rabbits. His discovery later assist other researcher to link the papilloma virus to warts and cervical cancer. He received the 1957 Albert Lasker Clinical Medical Research Award.[2]

Richard Edwin Shope
Richard Edwin Shope.jpg
Richard Edwin Shope as a U.S. Navy officer
Born(1901-12-25)December 25, 1901
DiedOctober 2, 1966(1966-10-02) (aged 64)
CitizenshipUnited States
Alma materUniversity of Iowa
Known for
Identified Shope papilloma virus and main cause of 1918 pandemic as Influenza A virus
Spouse(s)Helen Ellis
Scientific career
Academic advisorsDr. Paul Lewis
InfluencedErich Traub

His son Robert Shope was also a virologist, who specialised in arthropod-borne viruses.[3]


  1. ^ a b c Van Epps, HL (2006). "Influenza: Exposing the true killer". J Exp Med. 203 (4): 803. doi:10.1084/jem.2034fta. PMC 2118275. PMID 16685764.
  2. ^ Rockefeller University, "Awards & honors: Richard E Shope",, 28 Jul 2012 (Web: access date).
  3. ^ Frederick A. Murphy; Charles H. Calisher; Robert B. Tesh; David H. Walker (2004), "In Memoriam: Robert Ellis Shope: 1929–2004", Emerging Infectious Diseases, 10 (4): 762–65, doi:10.3201/eid1004.040156, PMC 3323084

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