Rice Krispies (also known as Rice Bubbles in Australia and New Zealand) is a breakfast cereal marketed by Kellogg's in 1927 and released to the public in 1928. Rice Krispies are made of crisped rice (rice and sugar paste that is formed into rice shapes or "berries", cooked, dried and toasted), and expand forming very thin and hollowed out walls that are crunchy and crisp. When milk is added to the cereal the walls tend to collapse, creating the "Snap, crackle, and pop" sounds.
|Product type||Cereal of crisped rice|
|Introduced||July 10, 1927|
Rice Krispies cereal has a long advertising history, with the elf cartoon characters Snap, Crackle and Pop touting the brand. In 1963, The Rolling Stones recorded a short song for a Rice Krispies television advertisement.
Rice Krispies are made by the Kellogg Company. The "Snap, Crackle and Pop" slogan was in use by 1939 when the cereal was advertised as staying "crackly crisp in milk or cream...not mushy!" with claims that the cereal would remain floating (without sinking to the bottom of the bowl) even after 2 hours in milk. They were not a shredded or flaked cereal type, but were instead created by a patented process that Kellogg's called "oven-popping".
The original patent called for using partially dried grain, which could be whole or broken, that would have 15–30% moisture which could then be shaped by existing processes for cereal production that include rolling, flaking, shredding, etc. After being processed to the desired shape the grain is dried to around 5–-14% moisture content at which stage the grain will expand when subjected to a high temperature creating a light, low-density product that is crisp and easy to chew.
Rice Krispies contain rice, sugar, salt, malt flavoring, iron, ascorbic acid (vitamin C), alpha tocopherol acetate (vitamin E), niacinamide, vitamin A palmitate, pyridoxine hydrochloride (vitamin B6), riboflavin (vitamin B2), thiamin hydrochloride (vitamin B1), folic acid, vitamin B12 (as cyanocobalamin), and vitamin D.
In 2010 the Kellogg Company was found by the Federal Trade Commission to be making unsubstantiated and misleading health claims in advertising on Rice Krispies boxes. Claims made by the company included "now helps support your child's immunity" and "has been improved to include antioxidants and nutrients that your family needs to help them stay healthy." The FTC had previously found fault with Kellogg's claims that Frosted Mini-Wheats cereal improved kids' attentiveness by nearly 20%.
The names of other products within the Rice Krispies family vary depending on where they are sold:
- Cocoa Krispies, (called Coco Pops in the UK, Ireland, South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Greece and Italy) a chocolate flavored version (sold worldwide)
- Frosted Rice Krispies, (called Ricicles in the UK and Ireland)
- Rice Krispies with Vanilla Flavor, sold in Canada and South Africa
- Chocolate and Vanilla Rice Krispies, a cereal containing mixed flavor rice krispies (introduced in 2007)
- Rice Krispies Treats Cereal, contains bunches of krispies fused together by a marshmallow coating (introduced in 1993)
- Strawberry Pops, sold in South Africa
- Kellogg's® Strawberry Krispies®
Rice Krispies with dehydrated miniature marshmallows (Marshmallow Rice Krispies, also known as Marshmallow Krispies, along with a tropical version, Fruity Marshmallow Krispies) were sold briefly in the United States and Canada. Despite surviving longer in Canada than the United States, they were finally discontinued altogether during the late 1990s.
Rice Krispies with strawberry flavor included 1983's Strawberry Krispies and 1997's Strawberry Rice Krispies. Australia had Strawberry Pops, a strawberry version of Rice Bubbles which was discontinued along with other similarly coloured and sweetened foods in the mid-1970s due to concerns about the additives causing cancer. Banana-flavored Rice Krispies, including Banana Bubbles and Banana Krispies, have also been sold in the past.
An extremely sweet, artificially-colored cereal, Razzle Dazzle Rice Krispies, was sold from late 1997 to 1999.
Apple Cinnamon Rice Krispies, a cereal flavored with apple and cinnamon, was sold in the early 1990s.
Also discontinued are Rice Krispies with berry flavors, including Berry Krispies and Berry Rice Krispies.
In the late 1990s, Rice Krispies with honey, Honey Rice Krispies, was sold in the UK and Canada for a short period of time.
In the late 1990s, Kellogg's sold Halloween versions of their regular cereal. This included Halloween Rice Krispies which featured a variety of orange krispies.
In 1939, Kellogg's employee Mildred Day concocted and published a recipe for a Camp Fire Girls bake sale consisting of Rice Krispies, melted marshmallows, and margarine. It has remained a very popular snack dubbed Rice Krispies Treats. Kellogg's themselves have now produced commercial varieties of both marshmallow and chocolate-based treats under the name Rice Krispies Squares in Canada and the UK, as well as versions under the original Rice Krispies Treats name sold in the United States.
In Australia, Rice Bubbles are found in a well-known homemade sweet, the chocolate crackle. This is often found at fetes and consists of Rice Bubbles, copha and cocoa, amongst other things. In the UK, a similar treat is made of Rice Krispies and melted chocolate. White Christmas is another Australian sweet made with Rice Bubbles, milk powder, copha and dried fruit.
Kellogg's also produces commercial versions of Rice Krispie treats known as Rice Krispies Squares, cereal bars, and a multi-grain cereal known as Rice Krispies Multi-Grain (formerly Muddles) sold on the UK market. Primarily aimed at children, Multi-Grain contains a prebiotic and is claimed by Kellogg's to promote good digestive health.
Snap! Crackle! and Pop!, the animated cartoon mascots for Rice Krispies, were created by illustrator Vernon Grant in the 1930s. The original gnome-like Snap! first appeared in 1933 on a package of Kellogg's Rice Krispies. Crackle! and Pop! came later, and since 1939, the three have been together in many forms of advertising, including radio, movie shorts, and comic strips. An updated version of the elf-like Snap! Crackle! and Pop! appeared for the first time on television in 1960; before that it was advertised by Woody Woodpecker. They are the first and longest-running cartoon characters to represent a Kellogg's product.
- Snap! Crackle! Pop! Rice Krispies! (1966–present)
- It's Going to Be a Rice Day (1960s)
- The taste that tickles (early 1990s, Canadian)
- Snap! Crackle! Pop! Nutritious! (late 1997-1999, Canadian)
- What do your Rice Krispies say to you? (1990–1998)
- Snap, Crackle, Pop. Wake up call to the world. (1998–2001)
- Childhood is Calling (2006–present)
- Moms Just Know (2007–present)
"Snap, crackle and pop" soundEdit
- English: Snap! Crackle! Pop!
- Danish: Pif! Paf! Puf!
- Swedish: Piff! Paff! Puff!
- German: Knisper! Knasper! Knusper!
- Spanish: Pim! Pam! Pum!
- Finnish: Riks! Raks! Poks!
- French: Cric! Crac! Croc!
- Dutch: Pif! Paf! Pof!
- Afrikaans: Knap! Knetter! Knak!
- Belgium: Poos! Pas!
Prizes and premiumsEdit
In 1938 and 1939, Vernon Grant, the illustrator who created Snap, Crackle and Pop!, produced a set of six illustrations of Mother Goose themes including Humpty Dumpty, Jack and Jill, Jack Be Nimble, Little Jack Horner, Peter Peter Pumpkin Eater, and Twinkle Twinkle Little Star that were offered as premiums in exchange for two Rice Krispies boxtops and a three-cent stamp.
In 2004, packets of Pop Rocks were packed inside specially marked boxes of Rice Krispies. Television commercials showed the candy exciting Pop!, who shouts his own name and the audience responds with "Rocks!", while Crackle! laments that the candy should be called "Crackle Rocks".
- How does Kellogg's* Rice Krispies* cereal "talk"? Kellogg Canada
- "Exile on Madison Avenue," Ben Greenman, The New Yorker (online), 2 April 2008 (Accessed 22 July 2008)
- Rolling Stones Rice Krispies Commercial
- Life Magazine, June 12 1939
- Patented Sept. 5, 1933 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CEREAL FOOD - Preparation of puffed cereals from wholegrain or grain pieces without preparation of meal or dough by heating without using a pressure release device
- "Rice Krispies Cereal Speaks to You" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-12-31.
- Carey, Susan. Snap, Crackle, Slap: FTC Objects to Kellogg's Rice Krispies Health Claim. The Wall Street Journal. 4 June 2010.
- "Rice Krispies with Vanilla Flavor Cereal". Kellogg Canada Inc. Archived from the original on 2007-07-08. Retrieved 2007-06-19.
- "The Past In Candy", X-Entertainment. Article written 2002-01-02, retrieved 2006-11-29.
- "Kellogg's Discontinued Products". Kellogg NA Co. Archived from the original on 2010-05-04. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
- Rice Krispies Squares, UK. Article retrieved 2006-11-29.
- "Kellogg's Rice Krispies Treats Original bars". Kellogg NA Co. Archived from the original on 2007-07-04. Retrieved 2007-06-19.
- "Kellogg's Rice Krispies Muddles" (reference to former name), ciao.co.uk. Article retrieved 2006-11-29.
- Kellogg's Rice Krispies Multi-Grain, Kellogg's Interactive (kelloggs.co.uk). Article retrieved 2006-11-29.
- 1938 Kellogg's Rice Krispies Vernon Grant Prints
- Rice Bubbles: The history of Snap, Crackle and Pop! Archived April 28, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
- "The Tale – Snap! Crackle! & Pop! story." Version from May 31, 2008 Kellogg's Rice Krispies.
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