Rheineck–Walzenhausen mountain railway
The Rheineck–Walzenhausen mountain railway (German: Bergbahn Rheineck–Walzenhausen; RhW) is a 1.9 kilometres (1.2 mi) long rack railway in Switzerland. It links Rheineck station, in the municipality of Rheineck and the canton of St Gallen, with the village and health resort of Walzenhausen, in the canton of Appenzell Ausserrhoden. Passenger service on the line now forms part of the St. Gallen S-Bahn, branded as the S26.
|Rheineck–Walzenhausen mountain railway (S26)|
BDeh 1/2 1 on Hoftobel Bridge
|System||St. Gallen S-Bahn|
|Line length||1.9 kilometres (1.2 mi)|
|Number of tracks||Single track|
|Track gauge||1,200 mm (3 ft 11 1⁄4 in)|
|Electrification||600 V DC|
The concession for the construction of a rail link between Rheineck and Walzenhausen was granted in 1889. The Drahtseilbahn-Gesellschaft Rheineck-Walzenhausen company started construction in 1895 and the line opened on 27 June 1896. As constructed, the line was a water operated funicular railway that linked the current upper station at Walzenhausen with a lower station at Ruderbach, some 0.7 kilometres (0.43 mi) short of Rheineck station. In 1909, a connecting tram line was opened, initially operated by a gasolene powered tram and later electrified. The owning company would subsequently change its name to Bergbahn Rheineck-Walzenhausen AG.
By the 1950s the funicular was showing from its age, and it was finally closed on 1 May 1958 as the result of a broken axle. That year work commenced on the conversion of the funicular to a rack railway, using the Riggenbach rack system but retaining the funicular track gauge of 1,200 mm (3 ft 11 1⁄4 in). The connecting tramway was regauged and connected to the new rack railway, although retaining its adhesion operation, and the resulting line was electrified at 600 V DC. To operate the new line, a single four-wheeled railcar, BDeh 1/2 1, was built in 1958.
In 2006 the Bergbahn Rheineck-Walzenhausen AG company was merged into the Appenzell Railways. The 1958-built car remains the only rolling stock on the line, and in 2014 was given a full overhaul, returning to work in May of that year. During the overhaul period, the line was replaced by a bus service.
The line is 1.9 kilometres (1.2 mi) in length, has a track gauge of 1,200 mm (3 ft 11 1⁄4 in) and is electrified using a supply at 600 V DC, supplied by overhead line. Approximately 1.2 kilometres (0.75 mi) of the line is equipped with the Riggenbach rack system, whist the rest of the line operates using rail adhesion. The height difference between the terminal stations is 272 m (892 ft), and the maximum gradient is 25%.
The line starts from its own terminus, located on platform 1 of Rheineck's main line railway station. For about the first 600 m (2,000 ft) the line parallels the Swiss Federal Railway's Chur–Rorschach railway, before bearing right and crossing the road on a level crossing to reach the stop at Ruderbach. The station building here incorporates the line's single track depot, accessed via the line's only set of points. Here the line joins the route of its funicular predecessor, and engages rack operation. The remainder of the line climbs at a steep gradient in a straight line to Walzenhausen, passing first through a 315 m (1,033 ft) long tunnel, and then across a 153 m (502 ft) long iron bridge over the Hexenkirchlitobel ravine. Finally it enters the terminus through a 70 m (230 ft) long tunnel under the Kurhaus.
The line operates one or two return journeys per hour, depending on the time of day, with a single journey time of 9 minutes. Service is provided by the line's single four-wheeled railcar, BDeh 1/2 1. If this is unavailable for any reason, a substitute bus service is provided.
A bus service links Walzenhausen with the upper station of the Rorschach–Heiden railway at Heiden, thus providing the opportunity for a round trip via both mountain railways. The final link between Rorschach and Rheineck can be achieved using the St. Margrethen–Rorschach line, or by ship on Lake Constance.
- Lambert, Anthony (2013). Switzerland Without A Car (5th ed.). Chalfont St. Peter: Bradt Travel Guides. p. 92. ISBN 978 1 84162 447 1.
- Haydock, David (July 2014). "RhW unit returns". Today's Railways Europe (223). Platform 5 Publishing Ltd. p. 54.
- Eisenbahnatlas Schweiz. Verlag Schweers + Wall GmbH. 2012. pp. 14–15. ISBN 978-3-89494-130-7.
- "S-Bahn St.Gallen Map" (PDF). S-Bahn. Retrieved 2014-07-10.
- "Rheineck–Walzenhausen" (PDF). Bundesamt für Verkehr. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
- Aktiensammler 05/10, p. 18, ISSN 1611-8006
- "Auch Walzenhausen wollte eine Bahn" [Also Walzenhausen wanted a train]. Online Archiv: Der Rheintaler (in German). 15 June 2006. Archived from the original on 2 December 2013. Retrieved 26 June 2014.
- "Geschichte" [History] (in German). Appenzeller Bahnen. Retrieved 2014-07-02.
- Hefti, Walter (1971). Zahnradbahnen der Welt [Rack railways of the world] (in German). Basel/Stuttgart: Birkhäuser Verlag. p. 126. ISBN 3-7643-0550-9.
- Media related to Bergbahn Rheineck–Walzenhausen at Wikimedia Commons