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Reviers is a commune in the Calvados department (14) in the Normandy region, la Basse-Normandie, in northwestern France, 6 km from Creully, and 3.3 km from Courselles-sur-Mer. It is affected by three rivers: la Seulles, to its west, it flowing north to Courselles-sur-Mer, la Mue, which joins la Seulles, north of the town, and le Douet, which joins la Mue, in the centre of the town. There is bridge west of Reviers, over la Seulles, on the principal road (D176) connecting to Colombiers-sur-Seulles (3.23km), and a bridge in Reviers, over la Mue, on the principal road (D35), connecting east to Tailleville. [1]

Reviers
Commune
The chapel in Reviers
The chapel in Reviers
Coat of arms of Reviers
Coat of arms
Reviers is located in France
Reviers
Reviers
Location within Normandy region
Reviers is located in Normandy
Reviers
Reviers
Coordinates: 49°18′09″N 0°27′47″W / 49.3025°N 0.4631°W / 49.3025; -0.4631Coordinates: 49°18′09″N 0°27′47″W / 49.3025°N 0.4631°W / 49.3025; -0.4631
Country France
Region Normandy
Department Calvados
Arrondissement Caen
Canton Bretteville-l'Orgueilleuse
Intercommunality Orival
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Daniel Guérin
Area1 4.38 km2 (1.69 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 560
 • Density 130/km2 (330/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 14535 /14470
Elevation 2–54 m (6.6–177.2 ft)
(avg. 25 m or 82 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Contents

History: D-DayEdit

Reviers was the object of one tactical engagement, on D-Day, it to secure the bridge over La Mue. Additionally, in securing the village, the headquarters of two German units, of 716 Infantrie-division, that caused much havoc with the Canadians on D-Day, were taken. The Regina Rifle Regiment (7 CIB Assault), landing its second wave on NAN Green at 08h55, saw 'D' Company, (OC Major J.V. Love - KIA 06.06.44) after fighting through town, reduced to forty-nine men, re-organized and set out to Reviers, at 09h30, tasked to seize the bridge over the Mue River. [2][3]

In making an exit east of Courseulles-sur-Mer, bypassing the fight for WN30, the Canadians first encountered remnants of a platoon (Züg) of Kompanie 2. /Pz.Jg-Abt 716., with three 7.5 cm Pak 40, in an open field emplacement, on Les Champs des Fers, it much weakened by the Naval Beach Drenching Fire Programme. [4] Driving south, Kompanie 2./ Ost-Bataillon 441., positioned southeast of Courseulles-sur-Mer, at Les Rotys, attempted to block their movement. Much weakened, also by the Naval Beach Drenching Fire Programme, elements of the Kompanie 2, had 'left' their positions, ordered to join Kompanie 8. / II 736., at Les Ruines St Ursin, east of Reviers. [5][6]

'D' Company, The Regina Rifle Regiment, now approaching from the North, down The D170, arrived in Reviers at 11h00 and the ‘bridge was reported clear at 12h15', without damage to the village. With 'C' Company and Battalion Headquarters (The Regina Rifle Regiment) arriving at 15h00, reorganized, it and the battalion moved south, remaining West of la Mue. At 19h00, coming up from Courseulles, ‘A’ Company was ordered to remain in Reviers to guard the approaches to the town and the bridge. [7][8]

Needing to be close to their District Sector Defence Commander, KVU-Gr. Seulles - Kdr Hauptmann Deptolla (Kdr Bataillon II. / 736.) Gefechtsstand: Château de Tailleville at WN 23, in Reviers, east of the Seulles, were located two German headquarters.

  • Gefechtsstand Stab: Northeast of Reviers - GHQ Heeres-schwere-Artillerie-Abteilung 989. (Heeresgruppe-Reserve, Attached to 716 Inf-Div) having command over three batteries, deployed Southwest of Basly (Moved to Bénouville), at Amblie (East of The Seulles), and its third East of Creully. [9]
  • Gefechtsstand Stab: Kompanie 2. (StuG) / Panzerjäger-Abtielung 716., [10] having command over three platoons (Zug) deployed at Graye-sur-Mer: Hameau de la Valette, Courseulles-sur-Mer: Champs des Fers, and Berniers-sur-Mer: Les Perruques. [11] Kompanie 2./ Panzerjäger-Abteilung 716., was ordered established on 25 Dec 43, to consist of three platoons (Zug): x2 with three 7.5 cm ATk guns each, and x1 with two 8.8 cm ATk guns. [12][13] to be deployed consistent with the Division Commanders direction. [14]

Note 1. The Bridge over la Seulles (depicted on maps as: Pont de Reviers) was secured by 1st Bn - The Canadian Scottish Regiment on 06.06.1944, without damage. [15]

PopulationEdit

YearPop.±%
1962341—    
1968330−3.2%
1975361+9.4%
1982399+10.5%
1990398−0.3%
1999479+20.4%
2008560+16.9%

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Map-France, Basse-Normandie, Calvados, Reviers. See: http://www.map-france.com/Reviers-14470/ Accessed 31.01.2K18
  2. ^ JUNO Beach: The Regina Rifle Regiment. See: http://www.junobeach.info/juno-4-4.htm Accessed 31.01.2K18
  3. ^ War Diary: The Regina Rifle Regiment, Saint-Aubin-sur-Mer: Page 3, 6 Jun 44. See: http://lmharchive.ca/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/The-Regina-Rifle-Regiment.pdf Accessed 29.01.2K18
  4. ^ Lt. R.H. Roy, Report No. 54 - Historical Section (G.S.) Army Headquarters. Canadian Participation in the Operations in North-West Europe, 1944. Part 1: The Assault and subsequent operations of 3 Cdn Inf Div. Appendix I Map Showing: ‘Eastern Flank of the Normandy Bridgehead German Defences 6 June 1944’. Dated 3 Dec 45. Accessed 26.07.2K16
  5. ^ C.P. Stacey, The Victory Campaign: The Operations in North-West Europe, 1944–45, Vol. III, Official History of the Canadian Army in the Second World War (Ottawa: Queen's Printer, 1960), Page 105
  6. ^ 716ème division d’infanterie allemande – Encyclopédie D-Day, 19 février 2016 Par Marc Laurenceau, ordre de bataille. See: http://www.dday-overlord.com/716eme-division-dinfanterie-allemande-encyclopedie-d-day/ Accessed 24.05.2016
  7. ^ JUNO Beach: The Regina Rifle Regiment. See: http://www.junobeach.info/juno-4-4.htm Accessed 31.01.2K18
  8. ^ War Diary: The Regina Rifle Regiment, Saint-Aubin-sur-Mer: Page 3, 6 Jun 44. See: http://lmharchive.ca/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/The-Regina-Rifle-Regiment.pdf Accessed 29.01.2018
  9. ^ Capt. A.G. Steiger, Report No. 41 - Historical Section (G.S.) Army Headquarters. The German Defences in the Courseulles-St.Aubin Area of the Normandy Coast: Information from German Sources. 716 Inf Div 6 Jun 44 Initial Situation. Appendix "D". Dated 20 Jul 51
  10. ^ Battlefront.com Community. Panzerjäger Abteilung Battallions Normandy. Post: JonS - April 22, 2012. See: http://community.battlefront.com/topic/102934-panzerj%C3%A4ger-abteilung-pak-battallions-normandy/ Posted April 22, 2012
  11. ^ Capt. A.G. Steiger, Report No. 41 - Historical Section (G.S.) Army Headquarters. The German Defences in the Courseulles-St.Aubin Area of the Normandy Coast: Information from German Sources. 716 Inf Div 6 Jun 44 Initial Situation. Appendix "D". Dated 20 Jul 51
  12. ^ Capt A.G. Steiger, Report No. 41 - Historical Section (G.S.) Army Headquarters. The German Defences in the Courseulles-St.Aubin Area of the Normandy Coast: Information from German Sources. Para 19.- Page 11., (Photostat 9BID716 D7). Dated 20 Jul 51
  13. ^ Dr. Leo Niehorster and Richard Anderson, World War II Armed Forces — Orders of Battle and Organizations, German Order of Battle: 716th Infantry Division - 6 June 1944, Last Updated 01.07.2011. See: http://www.niehorster.org/011_germany/44-oob/44-06-01_neptune/divisons/div_716.html Accessed 25.07.2K16
  14. ^ Lt. R.H. Roy, Report No. 54 - Historical Section (G.S.) Army Headquarters. Canadian Participation in the Operations in North-West Europe, 1944. Part 1: The Assault and subsequent operations of 3 Cdn Inf Div. Appendix I Map Showing: ‘Eastern Flank of the Normandy Bridgehead German Defences 6 June 1944’. Dated 3 Dec 45. Accessed 26.07.2K16
  15. ^ To Follow