Renny Harlin (born 15 March 1959 as Renny Lauri Mauritz Harjola; since 1987 known as Harlin by his father's original surname) is a Finnish film director, producer, and screenwriter who has made his career in Hollywood and China. His films include A Nightmare on Elm Street 4: The Dream Master, The Adventures of Ford Fairlane, Die Hard 2, Cliffhanger, The Long Kiss Goodnight, and Deep Blue Sea.
Renny Lauri Mauritz Harjola
15 March 1959
(m. 1993; div. 1998)
Johanna Harlin, née Kokkila
Harlin's movies have earned over $520 million in the United States and over $1.2 billion in the worldwide aggregate box office, making him the 148th highest-grossing director in the global film market as of October 2021[update], and the most internationally successful Finnish filmmaker in terms of revenue. His 1995 film Cutthroat Island held the Guinness World Record for the former category "Largest box office loss".
Harlin started his career in the film business in the beginning of the 1980s, directing commercials and company films for companies like Shell. Later, he worked as a buyer for a Finnish film distributor and met fellow Finn Markus Selin in Los Angeles in 1982. They became friends and started writing a screenplay called "Arctic Heat", which later evolved into Born American, with Mike Norris in the leading role. They secured financing from the U.S., and in 1986, Born American became the most expensive Finnish film ever. It opened in the U.S. in over 1,000 theaters.
Harlin moved to Los Angeles and got a job from Irwin Yablans, who offered him a script of Prison to film. The film was made with a low budget and distributed with only 42 copies. In the same year, 1988, he got a job from New Line Cinema to direct A Nightmare on Elm Street 4: The Dream Master (1988) after meeting producer Robert Shaye, who at first did not want Harlin to direct the film. It became the highest-grossing film in the series until the 2003 release of Freddy vs. Jason, and its budget was seven times greater than the original A Nightmare on Elm Street.
Breakthrough and the 1990sEdit
After the success of A Nightmare on Elm Street 4: The Dream Master, Harlin was set to direct Alien 3. He was attached to the project for a little over a year, but in the end, he was forced to leave due to creative differences with the producers.
The Adventures of Ford Fairlane and Die Hard 2 were edited simultaneously and released a week apart in 1990. The former flopped, but the latter was a commercial success. Harlin achieved critical acclaim the following year when he produced Rambling Rose through his own Midnight Sun Pictures for director Martha Coolidge. The film won Best Feature at the 1992 Independent Spirit Awards and earned its star and Harlin's then-partner Laura Dern a Best Actress Oscar nomination at the 1992 Academy Awards.
Harlin, Markus Selin and a number of other businessmen founded the indoor amusement park Planet FunFun in Kerava, Finland, in 1992, which included everything from a tropical park to a cinema park, the latter of which Harlin also gave his own special stamp to by loaning his film sets and props to special theme rooms. The park also hosted sports competitions and filmed television series. However Planet FunFun was short-lived, closing in 1995.
1993's action thriller Cliffhanger had Harlin work for the first time with Sylvester Stallone. Harlin's career suffered a blow with the pirate adventure film Cutthroat Island in 1995, which starred Harlin's then-wife, Geena Davis. Cutthroat Island was one of the biggest box-office bombs of all time, losing $147 million and leading to the bankruptcy of Carolco Pictures. Harlin did go on to have moderate success with Long Kiss Goodnight, starring Samuel L. Jackson and Davis in 1996, and the science fiction horror film Deep Blue Sea in 1999.
Harlin took over directing the action mystery film Mindhunters when the original director Peter Howitt dropped out, but the release was delayed by studio conflicts. Harlin went on to re-shoot a more traditional horror version of Exorcist: The Beginning (2004), after the studio was unhappy with the version cut by director Paul Schrader, which was more of a psychological drama. Mindhunters was released in the U.S. in 2005.
Harlin directed the WWE Studios action movie 12 Rounds, starring John Cena. It was released in March 2009. In 2009, Harlin directed an independent war film in Georgia. The film, 5 Days of War, was a story about the 2008 war between Georgia and Russia in the region of South Ossetia. The film included real-life figures, including Georgian President Mikheil Saakashvili, played by Andy García.
2010s and move to ChinaEdit
Harlin next directed the 2013 film Devil's Pass, set in Russia's Ural Mountains and loosely based on the Dyatlov Pass incident in 1959, when nine experienced hikers were found dead. Harlin then directed The Legend of Hercules, which opened in theatres on 10 January 2014. One of two Hercules movies released in 2014 – the other being Hercules, starring Dwayne Johnson – it was critically panned and was a box-office bomb.
Harlin directed the 2016 action comedy film Skiptrace, which starred Jackie Chan alongside Johnny Knoxville and Fan Bingbing. He then directed the 2018 film Legend of the Ancient Sword for Alibaba Pictures, based on a Chinese role-playing video game. The film was a box-office bomb, grossing only $1.25 million against a budget of $11 million. More recently, his upcoming film The Misfits received U.S. and international deals.
In 1999, Harlin began developing the action-comedy Nosebleed at New Line Cinema, starring Jackie Chan as a window washer who foils a terrorist attack to destroy the World Trade Center. The film was delayed after changing studios to MGM in May 2001. After the September 11 attacks the plot was drastically rewritten ultimately before being completely shelved. Chan later told Oriental Daily News that the film was scheduled to begin filming at the North Tower less than two hours before it was hit by American Airlines Flight 11, and that he only escaped the attack because he made a last-minute decision to travel to Toronto to begin filming The Tuxedo instead. However, Chan's claim has been criticized as improbable since the production was delayed after the change in studios and since he was contracted for the production of The Tuxedo in Toronto months before the attacks.
Harlin's next project after Driven was to be a movie adaptation of the Ray Bradbury short story A Sound of Thunder, but Harlin left the project after a disagreement with Bradbury. Although the director was changed, Harlin was credited as a producer when the finished film was released in 2005.
In 2006, Harlin collaborated with Markus Selin to direct a biopic of the Finnish President and Marshal of Finland Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim, but budget constraints put the project on hold. Instead, Harlin made another foray into low-budget horror with The Covenant, which was another moderate commercial success. In 2007 the Mannerheim film project resumed temporarily and Harlin returned to Finland. The screenplay was written by Heikki Vihinen and Marko Leino, and was scheduled to be the largest film production in Finnish history. Production began in 2008 with Mikko Nousiainen starring as Mannerheim, and the film was to premiere in Helsinki on January 15, 2010. However, 30% of the funding was cut by one of the financiers due to the Great Recession, and the delay meant that the time window for shooting the winter scenes during the spring of 2009 passed. Pre-production finally commenced in 2010, and the project was assigned to Dome Karukoski in August 2011.
On 16 June 2017 it was announced Harlin will direct Hanging Coffins for Shanghai Film Group and Shanghai New Wave Films. On 18 June 2017 it was announced Harlin will direct Operation Somalia. The film's story, based on true events, revolves around a rescue operation against Somali pirates mounted by Chinese PLA Special Operations Forces. On 8 May 2018 it was announced Harlin will direct Solara, a Chinese sci-fi epic revolving around an international team that must work together to save Earth from a global catastrophe. On 18 June 2018 it was announced Harlin will direct Operation Wild.
Harlin has been married to fitness athlete Johanna Kokkila since September 2021. He was married to actress Geena Davis from 1993 to 1998. Harlin was unfaithful to Davis and she filed for divorce shortly after her personal secretary, Tiffany Bowne, gave birth to Harlin's child, Luukas "Luke" Harlin, in August 1997.
Harlin lived in the United States from the mid-1980s until 2014, when he moved to China. After Harlin finished the shooting of the film Luokkakokous 3 in 2020, he moved to Sofia, Bulgaria.
|1988||A Nightmare on Elm Street 4: The Dream Master||Yes||No||Nominated—Saturn Award for Best Director|
|1990||The Adventures of Ford Fairlane||Yes||No||Nominated—Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Director|
|Die Hard 2||Yes||No|
|1991||Rambling Rose||No||Yes||Winner—Independent Spirit Award|
|1995||Cutthroat Island||Yes||Yes||Nominated—Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Director|
|The Long Kiss Goodnight||Yes||Yes|
|1999||Blast from the Past||No||Yes|
|Deep Blue Sea||Yes||No|
|2001||Driven||Yes||Yes||Nominated—Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Director|
|Exorcist: The Beginning||Yes||No||Nominated—Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Director|
|5 Days of War||Yes||Yes|
|2014||The Legend of Hercules||Yes||Yes||Nominated—Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Director|
|2018||Legend of the Ancient Sword||Yes||No|
|2019||Bodies at Rest||Yes||No|
|2021||Reunion 3 (Luokkakokous 3)||Yes||No|
|1980||Huostaanotto||Yes||No||as Lauri Harjola|
|1981||Kohtauspaikka 33||Yes||Yes||as Lauri Harjola|
|1994||The Foot Shooting Party||No||Yes|
|1993–1994||Gladiaattorit||Yes||Yes||Produced 53 episodes, directed 21 episodes|
|2011–2012||Burn Notice||Yes||No||Season 5, Episodes 514 & 518 [Season Finale], and Season 6, Episodes 606 & 610|
|2012||White Collar||Yes||No||Season 4, Episode 409|
|2012||Covert Affairs||Yes||No||Season 3, Episode 316 [Season Finale]|
|2013||Graceland||Yes||No||Season 1, Episodes 103, 105 & 108|
- Harjola, Tuula (2009). Lähikuvassa Renny Harlin (in Finnish). Helsinki, Finland: Otava. p. 246. ISBN 978-951-1-22974-2. OCLC 636254425.
- "Renny Harlin - Box Office". The Numbers. Retrieved 2021-10-10.
- "Largest box office loss". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 2021-10-16.
- "Renny Harlin Biography (1959-)". Film Reference.
- "Renny Harlin Biography". IMDb.
- "Renny Harlin interview: 12 Rounds, Die Hard, and the Alien 3 that never was". Den of Geek. 27 May 2009.
- Renny Harlinin Planet FunFunin piti tarjota kaikille jotain (in Finnish)
- Kantor, Jonathan H. (2019-07-01). "Inside 'Cutthroat Island,' The Cinematic Flop Accused Of Extinguishing The Pirate Genre". Ranker. Retrieved 2021-10-16.
- Variety. "Nothing left of Paul Schrader's EXORCIST: THE BEGINNING". MovieWeb.com. Archived from the original on 23 September 2007. Retrieved 22 July 2007.
- Lee, Nathan (March 27, 2009). "Movie Review - 12 Rounds (2009)". The New York Times.
- "Movie star plays Georgian leader". BBC News. October 2009. Retrieved 21 October 2009.
- Kit, Borys (4 February 2013). "Renny Harlin Set to Direct 'Hercules 3D' for Millennium (Exclusive)". Hollywood report.
- "Renny Harlin Takes Helm Of Jackie Chan Action Comedy 'Skiptrace'". deadline.com. 19 May 2014. Retrieved 20 May 2014.
- Rahman, Abid (June 13, 2016). "China's Alibaba Pictures Sets Renny Harlin-Directed 'Legend of the Ancient Sword'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved June 13, 2016.
- "Fantasy video game adaptation is box office flop in China's 'golden week'". 2 October 2018.
- Wiseman, Andreas (2021-03-09). "Renny Harlin's Pierce Brosnan Starrer 'The Misfits' Gets U.S. & Int'l Deals, First Look Image". Deadline. Retrieved 2021-03-10.
- Liz Shackleton (21 July 2021). "Beijing film festival unveils line-up for 2021 physical edition". Screen Daily. Retrieved 7 September 2021.
- "The cancelled Jackie Chan movie with uncanny parallels to 9/11". inews.co.uk. 2017-09-11. Retrieved 2021-06-05.
- "Jackie Chan WTC Escape". Snopes.com. Retrieved 2021-06-05.
- Goldstein, Patrick (2001-09-25). "A Turn of Events, a Change in Plot". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2021-06-05.
- Kurtz, Frank. "Harlin Fired From THUNDER?".
- Jensen2009-03-16T14:10:00+00:00, Jorn Rossing. "Renny Harlin's Finnish biopic Mannerheim delayed due to financing". Screen. Retrieved 2021-09-14.
- Jensen2009-03-16T14:10:00+00:00, Jorn Rossing. "Renny Harlin's Finnish biopic Mannerheim delayed due to financing". Screen. Retrieved 2021-09-14.
- "Dome Karukoski will produce Mannerheim film with a smaller budget than Renny Harlin".
- Jensen, Jorn Rossing (February 21, 2007). "Renny Harlin to make his first film in Finland in 20 years". Screen Daily.
- Abaius, Cole (August 19, 2011). "Renny Harlin Taps 'Burn Notice' Writer for 'Long Kiss Goodnight' Sequel". Film School Rejects.
- Brzeski, Patrick (June 16, 2017). "Shanghai: Renny Harlin to Direct Chinese Thriller 'The Hanging Coffin'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved June 16, 2017.
- Brzeski, Patrick (June 18, 2017). "Shanghai: Renny Harlin to Direct Chinese Actioner 'Operation Somalia'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved June 18, 2017.
- Brzeski, Patrick (May 8, 2018). "Cannes: Renny Harlin Launches Chinese Production Company". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved May 8, 2018.
- Frater, Patrick (June 18, 2018). "Renny Harlin's Extraordinary Entertainment Sets Deal With India's B4U". Variety. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
- HS: Renny Harlin ohjaa uuden Komisario Palmu -elokuvan, joka perustuu Waltarin ennen julkaisemattomaan käsikirjoitukseen (in Finnish)
- YLE: Komisario Palmu palaa valkokankaalle – Renny Harlin ohjaa ensimmäisen uuden Palmu-leffan (in Finnish)
- Simoinen, Karoliina (2021-09-20). "Renny ja Johanna Harlin vihittiin Ranskassa". Iltalehti (in Finnish). Retrieved 2021-10-10.
- "Reports: Geena Davis' 4th husband files for divorce". Newsday. Retrieved 2021-02-24.
- Anonym. "Renny Harlin works for the first time with his son Luukas, 22 - the success director sensitized to tears: "So proud" | tellerreport.com". www.tellerreport.com. Retrieved 2021-02-24.
- Toivonen, Hannu (December 12, 2012). "Renny Harlin: "Moni nainen ei ole pärjännyt rinnallani"". Seura (in Finnish). Retrieved July 17, 2019.
... vuoden 1984, jolloin ... Renny Harlin poistui Suomesta Yhdysvaltoihin ...
- Mattila, Sanni (July 17, 2019). "Renny Harlin, 60, kiinalaisen rakkaansa Kayn, 25, kanssa lomailemassa Suomessa - Pariskunta kertoo avoimesti rakkaustarinan alusta". Iltalehti (in Finnish). Retrieved July 17, 2019.
Viisi vuotta Kiinassa asunut Ohjaaja ... En kaipaa Amerikassa asumista yhtään, vaikka asuin siellä 30 vuotta.
- Vuorensola, Annika (December 6, 2020). "Renny Harlinilla on takanaan rakkauden kesä: "En ollut ymmärtänyt, millaista energiaa Suomen luonto antaa"". Apu (in Finnish). Retrieved December 9, 2020.
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