Relax (song)

"Relax" is the debut single by Frankie Goes to Hollywood, released in the United Kingdom by ZTT Records in 1983. The song was later included on the album Welcome to the Pleasuredome (1984).

Relax single.jpg
Single by Frankie Goes to Hollywood
from the album Welcome to the Pleasuredome
B-side"One September Monday", "Ferry 'Cross the Mersey"
Released24 October 1983 (1983-10-24)
Producer(s)Trevor Horn
Frankie Goes to Hollywood singles chronology
"Two Tribes"
Music video
"Relax" on YouTube

Although fairly inauspicious upon initial release, "Relax" finally reached number one on the UK singles chart on 22 January 1984,[4] ultimately becoming one of the most controversial and most commercially successful records of the decade. The single eventually sold a reported 2 million copies in the UK alone, making it the seventh best-selling single in the UK Singles Chart's history.[5] Following the release of the group's second single, "Two Tribes", "Relax" rallied from a declining UK chart position during June 1984 to climb back up the UK charts and re-attain the number 2 spot behind "Two Tribes" at number 1, making them the only act at the time to have occupied the top two simultaneously apart from The Beatles and John Lennon.

Upon its release in the United States, "Relax" repeated its slow UK progress. In its initial release, it peaked at number 67 in May 1984.[6] In January 1985, it re-entered the Billboard Hot 100 at number 70, eventually reaching number 10 in March.[7]

The song won Best British Single at the 1985 Brit Awards.

The song featured on the soundtrack of the films Body Double and T2 Trainspotting, in the game Grand Theft Auto: Vice City Stories in the fictional in-game radio station Wave 103, and on the soundtrack to Black Mirror: Bandersnatch.

Background and recording

Singer Holly Johnson has claimed that the words of the song came to him as he was walking down Princess Avenue in Liverpool: "I mean they were just, you know, words that floated into my head one day when I was walking down Princess Avenue (in Liverpool) with no bus fare, trying to get to rehearsals – I mean there was no great sort of calculated, 'Oh I'll sing these words and this record’ll be banned'."[8]

ZTT Records signed Frankie Goes to Hollywood after producer-turned-ZTT cofounder Trevor Horn saw the band play on the television show The Tube, on which the group played an early version of "Relax". Horn described the original version of "Relax" as "More a jingle than a song", but he preferred to work with songs that were not professionally finished because he could then "fix them up" in his own style.[9] Once the band was signed, ZTT co-founder Paul Morley mapped out the marketing campaign fashioned as a "strategic assault on pop". Morley opted to tackle the biggest possible themes in the band's singles ("sex, war, religion"), of which "Relax" would be the first, and emphasized the shock impact of Frankie members Holly Johnson's and Paul Rutherford's open homosexuality in the packaging and music videos.[10]

Horn dominated the recording of "Relax" in his effort for perfectionism. The band were overawed and intimidated by Horn's reputation, and thus were too nervous to make suggestions. Johnson said in his autobiography, "Whatever he said we went along with".[10] When attempts to record with the full band proved unsatisfactory, Horn hired former Ian Dury backing band the Blockheads for the sessions, with Norman Watt-Roy providing the original bass line. Those sessions were later deemed to be not modern sounding enough. Horn then constructed a more electronic-based version of the song with keyboards by session musician Andy Richards and with rhythm programming assistance from J. J. Jeczalik of Art of Noise. Horn developed this version of the recording in his west London studio while the band remained in their hometown of Liverpool. Horn had made 3 versions of "Relax" prior to Richards and guitarist Stephen Lipson joining his ZTT Production 'Theam' in late 1983. Horn left the studio late one night asking for Lipson to erase the multitrack (of version 3) due to lack of progress, but came back into the studio some time later to hear Richards playing a variety of modal chords based around the key of E minor with Lipson playing guitar along to the unerased multitrack.[11][12] Ultimately lead vocalist Johnson was the only band member to perform on the record; the only contribution by the other members was a sample crafted from the sound of the rest of the band jumping into a swimming pool. Horn explained years later, "I was just... Look, 'Relax' had to be a hit." Despite the band's absence from the record, Horn said, "I could never have done these records in isolation. There was no actual playing by the band, but the whole feeling came from the band." Horn completed the recording having spent £70,000 in studio time.[13]

Release, controversy and ban by the BBC

Morley intentionally courted scandal with the promotion of "Relax". ZTT initiated the ad campaign for "Relax" with two quarter-page ads in the British music press. The first ad featured images of Rutherford in a sailor cap and a leather vest, and Johnson with a shaved head and rubber gloves. The images were accompanied by the phrase "ALL THE NICE BOYS LOVE SEA MEN", a pun on the music hall song All the Nice Girls love a Sailor. It declared "Frankie Goes to Hollywood are coming ... making Duran Duran lick the shit off their shoes ... Nineteen inches that must be taken always." The second ad promised "theories of bliss, a history of Liverpool from 1963 to 1983, a guide to Amsterdam bars".[14]

When first released in November 1983, the initial progress of "Relax" on the UK Top 75 was sluggish. First charting at number 67, by its seventh week on the chart it had progressed only to number 35, even falling back slightly during that time. But then on Thursday 5 January 1984, Frankie Goes to Hollywood performed "Relax" on the BBC flagship television chart show, Top of the Pops. The following week it soared to number 6. On 11 January 1984, Radio 1 disc jockey Mike Read expressed on air his distaste for both the record's suggestive sleeve (designed by Anne Yvonne Gilbert) and its lyrics, which centred on the oft-repeated "Relax, don't do it/When you want to sock it to it/Relax, don't do it/ When you want to come."[15] He announced his refusal to play the record, not knowing that the BBC had just decided that the song was not to be played on the BBC anyway. Holly Johnson contends that the lyrics were misheard, instead of, when you want to sock it to it, he sang, when you want to suck, chew it,[16] contending he wrote and should know.

In support of their disc jockey, BBC Radio banned the single from its shows a reported two days later (although certain prominent night-time BBC shows – including those of Kid Jensen and John Peel – continued to play the record, as they saw fit, throughout 1984).[17] The now-banned "Relax" rose to number 2 in the charts by 17 January, and hit the number-one spot on 24 January. By this time, the BBC Radio ban had extended to Top of the Pops as well, which displayed a still picture of the group during its climactic Number One announcement, before airing a performance by a non-Number One artist.

This went on for the five weeks that "Relax" was at number one. It then began a slow decline on the charts, falling back as far as number 31 in May 1984 before returning to number two in July whilst Frankie's follow-up single "Two Tribes" held the UK number-one spot. In the end, "Relax" remained on the Top 75 for 48 consecutive weeks and returned in February 1985 for four more, giving a total of 52.[18]

The ban became an embarrassment for the BBC, especially given that UK commercial radio and television stations were still playing the song. Later in 1984 the ban was lifted and "Relax" featured on both the Christmas Day edition of Top of the Pops and Radio 1's rundown of the best-selling singles of the year.

Throughout the "Relax" controversy, the band continued to publicly deny that the song's lyrics were sexual. Nevertheless, by 1984, it was clear that the public were aware of the sexual nature of the lyrics, but the scandal had fuelled sales anyway. In 1985, with the release of the Welcome to the Pleasuredome album (which included "Relax"), the band dropped any public pretense about the lyrics:

Everything I say is complete lies. Like, when people ask you what 'Relax' was about, when it first came out we used to pretend it was about motivation, and really it was about shagging.

— Mark O'Toole, Welcome to the Pleasuredome album liner notes

The track was reissued in September 1993, the first of a string of Frankie Goes to Hollywood singles to be reissued that year. It debuted at a high number six on the UK singles chart and peaked at number five the next week. It spent seven weeks on the Top 75 this time, thus extending its combined total to 59, making it the third longest runner of all time (seven other singles have since surpassed it; now it is in joint 10th place).[19]

Original 1983–1984 mixes

Relax "The Last Seven Inches"

Although the 7-inch version of the single remained unchanged throughout its initial release (a mix generally known as "Relax (Move)"), promotional 7-inch records featuring a substantially different mix of "Relax" (entitled either "The Last Seven Inches" or "Warp Mix" because it is a compilation of other versions) were the subject of a limited 1984 release.

Three principal 12-inch remixes of "Relax" were eventually created by producer Trevor Horn:

One of the reasons we did all the remixes was that the initial 12-inch version of 'Relax' contained something called 'The Sex Mix', which was 16 minutes long and didn't even contain a song. It was really Holly Johnson just jamming, as well as a bunch of samples of the group jumping in the swimming pool and me sort of making disgusting noises by dropping stuff into buckets of water! We got so many complaints about it — particularly from gay clubs, who found it offensive — that we cut it in half and reduced it down to eight minutes, by taking out some of the slightly more offensive parts [this became "Sex Mix (Edition 2)"]. Then we got another load of complaints, because the single version wasn't on the 12-inch — I didn't see the point in this at the time, but I was eventually put straight about it.[20]

Horn attested that visits to New York's Paradise Garage club led to the creation of the final "Relax (New York Mix)", which ultimately replaced the original "Sex Mix" releases:

It was only when I went to this club and heard the sort of things they were playing that I really understood about 12-inch remixes. Although I myself had already had a couple of big 12-inch hits, I'd never heard them being played on a big sound system, and so I then went back and mixed 'Relax' again and that was the version which sold a couple of million over here [in the UK].[20]

Relax picture 12" disk

The original 12-inch version of "Relax", labelled "Sex Mix", ran for over 16 minutes, and is broadly as described by Horn above. The subsequent "Edition 2" was an 8-minute-plus edit of the "Sex Mix", and can only be distinguished by having 12ISZTAS1 etched on the vinyl. The final 12-inch mix, containing no elements from the foregoing versions, was designated the "New York Mix", and ran for approximately 7:20. This was the most commonly available 12-inch version of "Relax" during its worldwide 1984 chart success.

The UK cassette single featured "Greatest Bits", a unique amalgam of excerpts from the "Sex Mix", "New York Mix", "Move" and an instrumental version of "Move".

Since virtually all of the UK "Relax" 12-inch singles were labelled "Sex Mix", a method of differentiating between versions by reference to the record's matrix numbers necessarily became de rigueur for collectors of Frankie Goes to Hollywood releases (and ultimately collectors of ZTT records in general).

"Relax (Come Fighting)" was the version of the song included on the Welcome to the Pleasuredome album. This is ostensibly a variant of the 7-inch single "Move" mix, but is different from that version. For example, the "7" mix fades in on a foghorn type sound while the album mix fades in on sustained synth chords. Also, the backing vocals of the 7" mix are panned to the left, whereas they are mixed in the centre on the album version. Additionally, the 7" mix features a prominent reverberated kick drum sound during the introduction that also appears in other parts of the song, which is completely absent from the album mix. The album mix also has a certain post-production sheen (greater stereo separation of parts, more strategic uses of reverb, etc.) that is absent from the original 1983 7-inch single mix. The "Classic 1993 Version" is a version of the original 7" mix that uses "Bonus, Again" as the instrumental track, although modification with elements from "Come Fighting" thrown in (e.g. both the intro and outro come directly from it) and much of it made more clearer.

The original airing of Relax on The Tube, before the band were signed to ZTT, featured another verse that was edited from all the released versions, "In heaven everything is fine, you've got yours and I've got mine", presumably removed as it was taken directly from the David Lynch film Eraserhead.

According to a fan iniquity by a member of the Alternate forum (a forum decided to ZTT) to Holly Johnson over accusation that "Edition 2" was created by a DJ, "Edition 2" was edited by Trevor Horn at the SARM East studio with JJ Jeczalik as engineer and Holly watching.[21]


The 7-inch featured "One September Monday", an interview between ZTT's Paul Morley, Holly Johnson and Paul Rutherford. During the interview, Holly revealed that the group's name derived from a page of the New Yorker magazine, headlined "Frankie Goes Hollywood" and featuring Frank Sinatra "getting mobbed by teenyboppers".

On all of the original 12-inch releases, the B-side featured a cover of "Ferry 'Cross the Mersey", followed by a brief dialogue involving Rutherford attempting to sign on, and an a cappella version of the title track's chorus, segueing into an instrumental version of "Relax", known as "Bonus, Again" (which resembles "Come Fighting" more than the 7" mix).

The UK cassette single included "Ferry 'Cross the Mersey" and interview sections not included on "One September Monday".


The first official video for "Relax", directed by Bernard Rose and set in a S&M themed gay nightclub, featuring the bandmembers accosted by buff leathermen, a glamorous drag queen, and an obese admirer dressed up as a Roman emperor, was allegedly banned by MTV and the BBC, prompting the recording of a second video, directed by Godley and Creme[22] in early 1984, featuring the group performing with the help of laser beams. However, after the second video was made the song was banned completely by the BBC, meaning that neither video was ever broadcast on any BBC music programmes.

A live performance video of the song was directed by David Mallet, making the rounds at MTV.

Another MTV video of the studio version includes footage from the Brian De Palma film Body Double. Body Double, a popular 1984 erotic thriller film, contains a film within a film sequence in which Frankie Goes to Hollywood performs Relax on the set of a porn film.[23]

Track listings

  • All discographical information pertains to original UK releases only unless noted
  • "Relax" written by Peter Gill/Johnson/Mark O'Toole
  • "One September Monday" credited to Gill/Johnson/Morley/Brian Nash/O'Toole/Rutherford
  • "Ferry 'Cross the Mersey" written by Gerry Marsden

7": ZTT / ZTAS 1 (United Kingdom)

  1. "Relax" – 3:53
  2. "One September Monday" – 4:47
  • Also released as a 7" picture disc (P ZTAS 1)

12": ZTT / 12 ZTAS 1 (United Kingdom)

  1. "Relax" (Sex Mix) - 16:24
  2. "Ferry 'Cross the Mersey" – 4:03
  3. "Relax" (Bonus, Again) – 4:31
  • Later reissued in 1984 in a generic sleeve, with the text "Original Mix" on the label.
  • Mastered at 33⅓ RPM, despite claiming to run at 45 RPM on the label. The 1984 reissue runs at 45 RPM.

12": ZTT / 12 ZTAS 1 (United Kingdom)

  1. "Relax" (Sex Mix, Edition 2) - 8:20
  2. "Ferry 'Cross the Mersey" – 4:03
  3. "Relax" (Bonus, Again) – 4:31
  • "Edition 2" is an edit of "Sex Mix". Commonly nicknamed the "New York Mix"

12": ZTT / 12 ZTAS 1 (United Kingdom)

  1. "Relax" (New York Mix) – 7:23
  2. "Ferry 'Cross the Mersey" – 4:03
  3. "Relax" (Bonus, Again) – 4:31
  • "Relax" (New York Mix) is also known as "Relax" (U.S. Mix)
  • Also released as a 12" picture disc (12 PZTAS 1).

12": Island / 0-96975 (United States)

  1. "Relax" (New York Mix) – 7:23
  2. "Relax" (Come Fighting) – 3:53
  3. "Relax" (Bonus, Again) – 4:31
  • "New York Mix" labelled as "Long version"
  • The mixes on the B-side are not stated on the label.
  • also released on MC in Canada (Island / ISC-69750)

12": ZTT / 062-2000686 (Greece)

  1. "Relax" (Greek Disco Mix) - 6:15
  2. "Ferry 'Cross the Mersey" – 4:03
  3. "Relax" (Bonus, Again) – 4:31
  • "Disco Mix" (a.k.a. "The Greek Disco Mix") is a combination of "Relax (7" Mix)" and "Sex Mix (Edition 2)"
  • "Disco Mix" (a.k.a. "The Greek Disco Mix") is labelled as "Relax" (Sex Mix) on the original 12", which is incorrect.

MC: ZTT / CTIS 102

  • "From Soft To Hard – From Dry To Moist"
  1. "Relax" (Greatest Bits) - 16:49
    1. "The Party Trick" (acting dumb) – 0:36
    2. "The Special Act" (adapted from the sex mix) – 7:46
    3. "The US Mix" (come dancing) – 4:38
    4. "The Single" (the act) – 3:55
  2. "Later On" (from One September Monday) – 1:36
  3. "Ferry Across The Mersey (...and here I'll stay)" – 4:06


The title track has periodically been reissued as a single in a number of remix forms.

1993 re-issues


  1. "Relax" (Classic 1993 Version) – 3:55
  2. "Relax" (MCMXCIII) – 3:42
  3. "Relax" (Ollie J. Remix) – 6:38
  4. "Relax" (Jam & Spoon Trip-O-Matic Fairy Tale Remix) – 7:52
  5. "Relax" (Jam & Spoon HI N-R-G Remix) – 7:55
  6. "Relax" (New York Mix - The Original 12") – 7:22

2x12": ZTT / SAM 1231

  1. "Relax" (Ollie J. Remix) – 6:38
  2. "Relax" (Trip-Ship Edit) – 6:12
  3. "Relax" (Ollie J's Seven Inches) – 3:30
  4. "Relax" (Jam & Spoon HI N-R-G Remix) – 7:55
  5. "Relax" (Jam & Spoon Trip-O-Matic Fairy Tale Remix) – 7:52
  6. "Relax" (MCMXCIII) – 3:42
  • UK 12" promo

2001 re-issues

CD: Repertoire Records / REP 8027 (Germany)

  1. "Relax" (Classic 1993 Version) - 3:56
  2. "One September Monday" - 4:50
  3. "Ferry Cross The Mersey" - 4:06
  4. "Relax MCMXCIII" - 3:43
  5. "Relax" (original video) - 4:07

CD: Star 69 / STARCD 520 (US)

  1. "Relax" (Peter Rauhofer's Doomsday Radio Mix) – 3:45
  2. "Relax" (Peter Rauhofer's Doomsday Club Mix) – 9:47
  3. "Relax" (Saeed & Palash Addictive Journey) – 11:16
  4. "Relax" (Coldcut Remix) – 4:59
  5. "Relax" (Peter Rauhofer's Doomsday Dub) – 6:27
  6. "Relax" (Original New York 12" Mix) – 7:31
  7. "Relax" (Original Radio Mix) – 3:54

2009 re-issues

CD: Universal Music TV/All Around The World (UK)

  1. "Relax" (Chicane Radio Edit) - 3:55
  2. "Relax" (Chicane Remix) - 10:05
  3. "Relax" (Den Broeder, Cox, Cantrelle Radio Edit) - 3:46
  4. "Relax" (Den Broeder, Cox, Cantrelle Club Mix) - 7:39
  5. "Relax" (Den Broeder, Cox, Cantrelle Dub Mix) - 6:39
  6. "Relax" (LMC Remix) - 6:18
  7. "Relax" (Lockout's Radio Edit) - 3:31
  8. "Relax" (Lockout's London Mix) - 6:16
  9. "Relax" (Spencer & Hill Radio Edit) - 3:21
  10. "Relax" (Spencer & Hill Remix) - 5:40
  11. "Relax" (Scott Storch Mix) - 3:45
  • Promotional release.
  • Tracks 3-5 are credited to just Jody Den Broeder himself.

12": Universal Music TV/All Around The World / 12GLOBE1167 (UK)

  1. "Relax" (Chicane Remix)
  2. "Relax" (Lockout's Radio Edit) - 3:30
  3. "Relax" (New York Mix) - 7:24
  4. "Relax" (Den Broeder, Cox, Cantrelle Radio Edit) - 3:42
  • Limited to 900 copies.
  • "New York Mix" mislabelled as "US Mix", arguably one of the few ZTT releases to do so.

Digital Download: Universal Music TV/All Around The World (UK)

  1. "Relax" (Original 7") - 3:55
  2. "Relax" (Chicane Radio Edit) - 3:11
  3. "Relax" (Den Broeder, Cox, Cantrelle Radio Edit) - 3:42
  4. "Relax" (Lockout's Radio Edit) - 3:30
  5. "Relax" (Spencer & Hill Radio Edit) - 3:21

2014 re-issues

12": ZTT/Salvo / SALVOTWS01 (UK)

  1. "Relax" (Sex Mix Edit) [mislabeled as "Sex Mix Edition 3"] - 8:10
  2. "Ferry 'Cross the Mersey" – 4:03
  3. "Relax" (Bonus, Again) – 4:31
  • "Sex Mix Edit" (which bears no relationship with the original Sex Mix, but has more in common with the New York Mix) was mixed by Luis Jardim with Bob Painter as engineer on 13 December 1984, having taken the master tape with him (according to the booklet of The Art of The 12" Volume 2). It was first released by surprise on the 2009 Japanese "Return to the Pleasuredome" box set.
  • "Bonus, Again" mislabelled "The Instrumental", as if it was an unreleased mix.

Digital Download: ZTT (UK)

  1. "Relax" (7" Mix) - 3:56
  2. "Relax" (Sex Mix) - 16:25
  3. "Relax" (New York Mix) - 7:26
  4. "Relax' (Greatest Bits) - 16:50
  5. "Relax" (Sex Mix Edition 2) - 8:25
  6. "Relax" (Sex Mix Edit) [mislabeled as "Sex Mix Edition 3"] - 8:10
  7. "Relax" (Greek Disco Mix) - 6:16
  8. "Relax" (The Last Seven Inches!) - 3:32
  9. "One September Monday" - 4:49
  10. "Ferry Cross The Mersey" - 4:08
  11. "Relax" (Bonus, Again) - 4:35

Charts and certifications

Original version (1983 to 1985)


See also


  • Reynolds, Simon (2005). Rip It Up and Start Again: Postpunk 1978–1984. Penguin. ISBN 0-14-303672-6.


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  2. ^ Reynolds, Simon (2009). Rip It Up and Start Again: Postpunk 1978–1984. New York: Faber & Faber. p. 504. ISBN 978-0-571-21570-6. 'Relax' tapped into Hi-NRG's remorseless, metronomic precision and orgiastic vibe — the spasming drum roll at the end of the single feels like an amyl nitrite rush.
  3. ^ "TBT: When MTV Banned Frankie Goes To Hollywood's Original Video For "Relax" For Being Too Gay".
  4. ^ "Official Singles Chart Top 100 | Official Charts Company". Retrieved 24 January 2017.
  5. ^ "Get Lucky becomes one of the UK's biggest selling singles of all-time!". 27 June 2013. Retrieved 29 March 2014.
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  8. ^ "Relax – Frankie Goes To Hollywood". MusikBloggNo. Retrieved 9 August 2017.
  9. ^ Reynolds, p. 377
  10. ^ a b Reynolds, p. 379
  11. ^ "Classic Tracks: Frankie Goes To Hollywood – 'Relax'". Sound on Sound. April 2008. Retrieved 15 March 2015.
  12. ^ "Zang Tuum Tumb and all that - Articles - The making of relax". Retrieved 9 August 2017.
  13. ^ Reynolds, p. 380
  14. ^ Reynolds, p. 381
  15. ^ Stuart Maconie (2013). The People's Songs: The Story of Modern Britain in 50 Records. p. 263. ISBN 978-1409033189.
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  18. ^ "Archived copy". Retrieved 8 August 2010.
  19. ^ "Archived copy". Retrieved 8 August 2010.
  20. ^ a b "From ABC to ZTT". Sound On Sound. August 1994.
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  22. ^ "Frankie Goes to Hollywood - "Relax [version 3: lasers]"". 29 October 1984. Retrieved 29 March 2014.
  23. ^ Gibron, Bill (9 September 2006). "Body Double: Special Edition". DVD Talk.
  24. ^ Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992 (illustrated ed.). St Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. p. 118. ISBN 0-646-11917-6. N.B. The Kent Report chart was licensed by ARIA between mid 1983 and 19 June 1988.
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  43. ^ Charted twice. The 3:02 version peaked at #67 on 5/5/1984; the 3:56 version peaked at #10 3/16/1985.
  44. ^ Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992 (doc)|format= requires |url= (help). Australian Chart Book, St Ives, N.S.W. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
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External links