Reading Blue Mountain and Northern Railroad 425

Reading Blue Mountain & Northern Railroad 425 is a 4-6-2 light "Pacific" type steam locomotive originally built in 1928 by the Baldwin Locomotive Works for the Gulf, Mobile & Northern Railroad. After the GM&N was consolidated into the Gulf, Mobile & Ohio Railroad in 1940, the locomotive was renumbered #580 and served in passenger service before being retired in 1950. Today, the locomotive is owned and operated by the Reading & Northern Railroad, based out of Port Clinton, Pennsylvania in excursion service.

Reading, Blue Mountain & Northern 425 [1]
Reading, Blue Mountain & Northern 425 (2017).jpg
Reading and Northern No. 425 leads an excursion from Jim Thrope, PA to Reading, PA
Type and origin
Power typeSteam
BuilderBaldwin Locomotive Works
Serial number60339
Build dateJanuary 12, 1928
 • Whyte4-6-2
Gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Driver dia.69 in (1.753 m)
Fuel typeCoal
Boiler pressure210 lbf/in2 (1.45 MPa)
Cylinder size22 in × 28 in (559 mm × 711 mm)
Performance figures
Tractive effort35,156 lbf (156.38 kN)
OperatorsGulf, Mobile and Northern, Gulf, Mobile and Ohio, Louisiana Eastern Railroad, Valley Forge Scenic Railroad, Reading, Blue Mountain and Northern Railroad
Number in class1st of 2
  • GM&N 425
  • GM&O 580
  • LE 4
  • VFS 425
  • RBM&N 425
Retired1950 (from GM&O)
1963 (from LE)
1996 (1st excursion service)
Restored1983 (1st restoration)
2007 (By RBMN)
Current ownerReading, Blue Mountain and Northern Railroad
DispositionOperational, based out of RBMN headquarters in Port Clinton, Pennsylvania

In ServiceEdit

Locomotive 425 was built for the Gulf, Mobile and Northern by the Baldwin Locomotive Works of Eddystone, PA as the first of two G-1 Pacifics ordered, the second being 426. The two engines later became Gulf, Mobile and Ohio 580 and 582, respectively. Both were retired in 1950.

Early Excursion CareerEdit

No. 425 4-8-4 2102 and an EMD gp30 for a night photo session at the Reading locomotive shops, 1985

Quickly after retirement, 580 and 582 were purchased by Paulson Spence as part of his Louisiana Eastern Railroad. Both 580 and 582 were renumbered to #4 and #3, as part of a large fleet of steam engines which Spence had acquired over time, and hauled trains of gravel and occasional passenger trips. When Spence died in 1961 and the Louisiana Eastern collapsed, #3 was sold for scrap (along with most of the line's engines), while #4 was purchased in 1962 by Malcolm Ottinger and became the main power of the Valley Forge Scenic Railroad of Kimberton, Pennsylvania, where it also regained its original number, 425. In the 1970s, it was purchased by Brian Woodcock and others[2] and moved to the Wilmington & Western Railroad, though it never operated on the line due to its high axle load. In 1983, it was sold to Andrew J. Muller, Jr. to power tourist trains on the newly formed Blue Mountain and Reading Railroad based out of Temple, PA. The engine made many runs on this 26 miles shortline, as well as a few trips on the mainline. The high-stepping Pacific was later joined by Reading T-1 4-8-4 “Northern” 2102 in 1985. The Blue Mountain & Reading became much larger with the purchase of nearly 300 miles of former Conrail trackage throughout the early 1990s. The railroad was renamed to Reading, Blue Mountain and Northern (often shortened to Reading & Northern). In 1995 both names officially merged. Having more track gave 425 and 2102 a large amount of new areas to roam, and the engines became based out of the railroad's own headquarters of Port Clinton.[3]

Blue Mountain and Reading Railroad 425 prepares for a tourist excursion

On June 12, 1992 the 425 was painted into its most recognizable appearance with a dark blue paint scheme. Inspired by the Reading Company's own blue painted Pacific, the streamlined Reading Crusader (not, contrary to popular belief, the Central Railroad of New Jersey's Blue Comet), the locomotive's blue made it a distinct stand out. The idea came to Mr. Muller to paint 425 in dark blue by former Reading Company Engineer Charles W. Kachel. The locomotive was a featured guest at the Steamtown National Historic Site Grand Opening in July 1995, and made a number of excursions out of Scranton, Pennsylvania. The locomotive returned to Port Clinton in late 1996. 425's last excursion was the Tamaqua Fall Fest on October 13, 1996. From 1997 - 2008 is when steam operations took an extended break.

Modern Excursion Career (2008-Present)Edit

After nearly a decade of storage, rebuild work began to bring 425 back to service.[3] Following two years of restoration, the Pacific made its first operation under steam in December 2007 in a partially repainted appearance. Another test run was done on May 11, 2008 where the engine debuted in a new lighter blue color and an above-centered headlight. It made its return to excursion service in June 2008 on a round trip from Port Clinton to Jim Thorpe, a run it would make often. The RBMN's new star made many trips to Jim Thorpe and other locations over the next three years, with employee runs, tourist trains on the Lehigh Gorge Scenic Railway, and a featured attraction of the 2010 NRHS Convention.

Locomotive 425 in its blue paint scheme from 2007 to 2015.

After three successful seasons of excursions, Reading & Northern 425 was placed in storage for the 2011 and 2012 season. Repairs included the rebuilding of the pilot and trailing trucks by the Strasburg Rail Road, including conversion from plain bearings to more efficient roller bearings, rebuilding of the air compressor, a new blower and replacing the bottom part of the smokebox.[4] Repairs were completed in late August 2013 and were followed by a few days of testing. The 425's first public outing after her overhaul was a return to Steamtown for the first time since 1996 for its annual Railfest. While at Railfest 2013, 425 was on display, though under steam, near the entrance to the park. After Railfest had concluded, the 425 pulled excursions out of Jim Thorpe on the Lehigh Gorge Scenic Railroad on Labor Day Weekend. The engine later operated on numerous trips out of Port Clinton, and also doubleheaded with recently restored Central Railroad of New Jersey 0-6-0 #113 on several trips.

The Reading & Northern runs regular tourist trains on the Lehigh Gorge Scenic Railway usually with the railroad's fleet of more modern freight diesels.[5]

In August 2015, No. 425 was given a new paint scheme and was pulling regular passenger trains when she was visited at Jim Thorpe, PA, by Nickel Plate 765 on a Norfolk Southern 21st Century Steam excursion.[6]

On September 4th, 2017, No. 425 struck a car leaving a parking lot in Jim Thrope.[7]


  1. ^ "Gulf, Mobile and Ohio 425". Steam Locomotive Information. Retrieved 25 April 2012.
  2. ^ "Gulf, Mobile & Northern No. 425 Ownership". Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  3. ^ a b "Reading, Blue Mountain and Northern 425".
  4. ^ "Any update on R&N #425?". Railway Preservation News forums. May 28, 2012.[unreliable source?]
  5. ^ "Lehigh Gorge Scenic Railway". Retrieved 9 March 2013.
  6. ^ "Norfolk Southern features No. 765 in 2015 excursion season".
  7. ^ "CAUGHT ON CAMERA: Train Collides with Car". 2017-09-05. Retrieved 2018-05-03.

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