Rapid reaction force

(Redirected from Rapid Reaction Force)

A rapid reaction force / rapid response force (RRF), quick reaction force / quick response force (QRF), immediate reaction force (IRF), rapid deployment force (RDF) or quick maneuver force (QMF) is a military or police unit capable of responding to emergencies in a very short time frame.

Saitama Prefectural Police Riot And Tactics Squad (RATS) officers on the side of a police helicopter. Riot Police Units such as RATS are the rapid reaction forces of Japanese prefectural police.

When used in reference to law enforcement and security forces, such as police tactical units, the time frame is usually minutes, while in military applications, such as paratroopers or commandos, the time frame can be minutes, hours or days. Rapid reaction forces are designed to intervene quickly as a spearhead to gain and hold ground in quickly unfolding combat or low-intensity conflicts, such as uprisings that necessitate the evacuation of foreign embassies.

They are usually transported by air. Rapid reaction forces are usually lightly armed—limited to small arms and light crew-served weapons, and lacking vehicles, armor, and heavy equipment—but are often very well-trained to compensate.[citation needed]

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A United States Army quick reaction force staging area at Camp Buehring, Kuwait in 2005

A rapid reaction force is an armed military unit capable of rapidly responding to developing situations, usually to assist allied units in need of assistance. They are equipped to respond to any type of emergency within a short time frame, often only a few minutes, based on unit standard operating procedures (SOPs).[1] Cavalry units are frequently postured as rapid reaction forces, with a main mission of security and reconnaissance.[2][3] They are generally platoon-sized in the U.S. military's combat arms.

A rapid reaction force is a military reserve unit that belongs directly to the commander of the unit it is created from.[4] Depending on the unit size and protocols, the commander may be the only person authorized to control a RRF, or they may delegate this responsibility to one or more additional people. RRFs are commonly found in maneuver battalion-level task forces and above, in addition to many operating bases having their own dedicated RRF to react to threats on or immediately around the base.

The readiness level of a RRF is based on unit SOPs. Since maintaining extremely high levels of readiness is draining on equipment, resources, and personnel, a RRF is postured based on the likelihood of being called up. During a high-intensity conflict, a RRF may be forced to maintain high readiness, with all members waiting in their vehicles to respond. However, during a low-intensity conflict, when deployment is less likely and may be more readily predicted, command establishes how fast a RRF must be able to react, which can range from vehicles and personnel in a central location with the troops rotating regularly, to the vehicles staged close to a unit area with all personnel staying close enough for rapid recall. The speed at which a RRF is expected to react is defined by its readiness condition level.

The mission of a RRF can vary widely, as they are used to respond to any threat the commander chooses to employ them for. Depending on the mission requirement, additional units can be attached to an organic platoon to expand their capabilities. Examples include attaching explosive ordnance disposal teams to a RRF responding to bombs or similar threats, and vehicle recovery assets to a RRF expected to recover damaged trucks

Rapid deployment force edit

A rapid deployment force (RDF) is a military formation that is capable of fast deployment outside their country's borders. Rapid deployment forces typically consist of well-trained military units (special forces, paratroopers, marines, etc.) that can be deployed fairly quickly.

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82nd Airborne Division paratroopers boarding a transport aircraft

Rapid deployment force edit

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References edit

  1. ^ Michael T. Chychota; Edwin L. Kennedy Jr. (July–September 2014). "Who You Gonna Call? Deciphering the Difference Between Reserve, rapid Reaction, Striking and Tactical Combat Forces". INFANTRY. pp. 16–19. Archived from the original on 15 November 2019. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
  2. ^ "Quick Reaction Force (QRF)". Globalsecurity.org. Archived from the original on 10 August 2017. Retrieved 17 January 2008.
  3. ^ Greg Heath. "10th Mountain Division Soldiers Provide Quick Reaction Force". defense.gov. American Forces Press Service. Archived from the original on 26 September 2015. Retrieved 1 December 2015.
  4. ^ Jason C. Mackay. "The CSS Quick Reaction Force". Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 1 December 2015.
  5. ^ M., Serafino, Nina (1995). A U.N. Rapid Reaction Force? A Discussion of the Issues and Considerations for U.S. Policymakers. Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress. OCLC 50077294.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  6. ^ "NATO ARRC | About us". arrc.nato.int. Retrieved 26 April 2023.
  7. ^ "European Gendarmerie Force - International agreement". www.geo-ref.net. Retrieved 26 April 2023.
  8. ^ "السيسى : تشكيل قوات التدخل السريع بالجيش المصرى انجاز تاريخى". 25 March 2014. Archived from the original on 15 July 2014. Retrieved 25 May 2014.
  9. ^ "آمادگی سپاه برای واکنش‌های سخت و سریع". Archived from the original on 27 October 2021. Retrieved 3 November 2021.
  10. ^ "ایجاد «تیپ‌های واکنش سریع» در سپاه و آموزش «رزمندگان خارجی»". رادیو فردا. 6 June 2016. Archived from the original on 12 October 2016. Retrieved 3 November 2021.
  11. ^ What is a MEU? Archived 2009-02-18 at the Wayback Machine 22nd MEU website