Ranger Regiment (United Kingdom)

  (Redirected from Rangers Regiment (United Kingdom))

The Ranger Regiment is a special operations-capable unit of the British Army which was formed on 1 December 2021 under the Future Soldier reform and is part of the Army Special Operations Brigade.[1][3] It is intended to be used primarily in an unconventional warfare and foreign internal defence capacity in a similar manner to the US Green Berets.[4]

Ranger Regiment
British Army Rangers Cap Badge.svg
Cap badge of the Ranger Regiment
Active1 December 2021 – present
Country United Kingdom
Branch British Army
TypeSpecial operations-capable[1]
RoleSecurity force assistance
Foreign internal defence
SizeFour battalions
Approx. 1,000 personnel[2]
Part ofArmy Special Operations Brigade
Motto(s)By All Means

HistoryEdit

On 22 March 2021, the Defence in a Competitive Age paper was released underlining the future of the British Armed Forces. As part of a wider reorganisation of the British Army, the following was announced:[5]

A new four-battalion Ranger Regiment will be formed in August 2021, seeded from the Royal Scots Borderers, 1st Battalion Royal Regiment of Scotland; 2nd Battalion, Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment; 2nd Battalion, Duke of Lancaster's Regiment; and 4th Battalion, The Rifles. The new regiment will sit within the redesignated Specialised Infantry Group, becoming the Army Special Operations Brigade.

— British Army, Army Special Operations Brigade

Initially, the regiment is planned to be "based on four Infantry Battalions but selecting personnel from across the Army". The regiment's task will be as follows: "[It will be] designed to support and conduct special operations discreetly in high-risk environments".[5] According to a reporter of Forces News, the regiment will "conduct missions traditionally carried out by United Kingdom Special Forces (Special Air Service and Special Boat Service)".[6] During an interview with the (then) Chief of the Defence Staff, General Sir Nick Carter, the rangers will be "special forces" and will "go beyond training, advising, and assisting" to "support local operations". He also stated the Ranger's functions will be similar to the United States Army's "Green Berets", a nickname for the US Army Special Forces.[7]

The regiment was initially due to form in August 2021, however this was subsequently postponed to 1 December 2021.[8] In early 2022 soldiers from the regiment deployed as part of a UK government support package to Ukraine.[9] In February 2022 soldiers from the regiment deployed to Ghana to conduct training with the Ghanaian Special Operations Brigade, in preparation for a major exercise as well as to help them eliminate threats originating from their border regions.[10]

Regimental organisationEdit

The regiment was formed on 1 December 2021 through the renaming of four of the existing Specialised Infantry battalions.[11] All four battalions were formed on 1 December 2021 and fall under the Army Special Operations Brigade,[12] operationally they are aligned to regions around the globe.[13] All battalions will restructure by April 2023.[12]

1st BattalionEdit

The 1st Battalion, Ranger Regiment (1 RANGER) was formed following the disbandment and subsequent reformation of the Royal Scots Borderers (1st Battalion, Royal Regiment of Scotland). The battalion is based at Palace Barracks in Belfast, Northern Ireland.[12] It is regionally aligned to West Africa.[13]

2nd BattalionEdit

The 2nd Battalion, Ranger Regiment (2 RANGER) was formed following the disbandment and subsequent reformation of the 2nd Battalion, Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment. The battalion is based at Keogh Barracks just outside of Aldershot Garrison. The battalion includes F (Falklands) Company, which was formed on 18 November 2021 from the Royal Gurkha Rifles.[14] It is regionally aligned to East Africa.[13]

3rd BattalionEdit

The 3rd Battalion, Ranger Regiment (3 RANGER) was formed following the disbandment and subsequent reformation of the 2nd Battalion, Duke of Lancaster's Regiment. The battalion is currently based at Elizabeth Barracks, Pirbright, but will move to Aldershot Garrison in 2027.[12] It is regionally aligned to Europe.[13]

4th BattalionEdit

The 4th Battalion, Ranger Regiment (4 RANGER) was formed following the disbandment and subsequent reformation of the 4th Battalion, The Rifles. The battalion is based at Normandy Barracks, Aldershot Garrison. The battalion includes G (Coriano) Company, which was formed on 31 January 2020 as part of 3rd Battalion, Royal Gurkha Rifles.[15] It is regionally aligned to the Middle East.[13]

Training and selectionEdit

The ranger battalions are planned to be "all-arms" battalions and thus be open to anyone serving in the Army, providing that they have served for 18 months from completing basic training.[6][7][8][16] All applicants to the ranger regiment will have to undertake a two-week Cadre Course at the Sennybridge Training Area,[16] followed by a six-week Ranger Course, before continuing with eight months of training at their battalion.[17]

Cap badge controversyEdit

 
The badge of the Selous Scouts, said to bear a striking similarity to the badge of the Ranger Regiment.

The cap badge of the Ranger Regiment gained negative press for the regiment in British media after several British Army officers told journalists about their fears that the design was based on that of the Selous Scouts, a special forces unit of the Rhodesian Army that operated during the Rhodesian Bush War. [18] A number of Twitter users also responded to the Army's unveiling on twitter of the new badge design, commenting that it looked to them like a Nazi Reichsadler.[19] According to the Telegraph, an anonymous source from within the Ministry of Defence had read an email confirming that the Ranger Regiment's badge was indeed based on the same design as the Selous Scouts badge, and that some officers hoped to stop the badge from going into circulation.[18] The British Army states that the cap badge was inspired by the peregrine falcon, in particular due to its speed and agility and ability to operate in multiple environments.[20]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Defence in a Competitive Age (PDF). Ministry of Defence. March 2021. pp. 46, 68, 69. ISBN 9781528624626. Retrieved 12 January 2022.
  2. ^ Haynes, Deborah (25 November 2011). "Defence secretary saves 500 troops from army cull, as new elite Ranger regiment is unveiled". Sky News. Retrieved 12 January 2022.
  3. ^ British Army (25 November 2021). "Future Soldier Guide" (PDF). pp. 71–72. Retrieved 12 January 2022.
  4. ^ "New British Army brigade: reshaping UK special operations for the better?". IISS. Retrieved 2021-09-04.
  5. ^ a b "Future Soldier". www.army.mod.uk. Retrieved 2021-11-16.
  6. ^ a b Newton, Simon. "Soldiers To Take On Special Forces Roles In New Army Unit". Forces Network. Retrieved 2021-11-16.
  7. ^ a b "New Ranger Regiment To Be 'Open To Anybody In Armed Forces', CDS Says". Forces Network. Retrieved 2021-11-16.
  8. ^ a b "New Army Ranger Regiment: What We Know So Far". Forces Network. 25 November 2021. Retrieved 2021-11-16.
  9. ^ "British Army Sent Elite Rangers Troops to Ukraine". January 27, 2022.
  10. ^ "Soldiers from the 1st Battalion the Ranger Regiment (1 Ranger) have deployed to West Africa to conduct joint training with their Ghanaian Armed Forces counterparts". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 1 May 2022.
  11. ^ "Ranger Regiment: What we know about Army's new elite force". Forces.net. 1 December 2021. Retrieved 7 December 2021.
  12. ^ a b c d "Future Soldier Guide" (PDF). United Kingdom Parliamentary Publications. 25 November 2021. Retrieved 13 December 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  13. ^ a b c d e SOLDIER Magazine August 2022, Pg 34
  14. ^ "F (Falklands) Company, Second Battalion The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment, Formation Parade 18th November 2021". Gurkha Brigade Association. Brigade of Gurkhas. 30 November 2021. Retrieved 7 December 2021.
  15. ^ Rushworth, Will (2022-02-09). "4 RANGER'S GURKHAS DEPLOYED ACROSS AFRICA" (PDF). 4 RIFLES. Bugle. No. 19 Spring 2022. Kettering: Crest Publications. p. 30. … G (Coriano) Coy, the newest addition to 4 RANGER, …
  16. ^ a b SOLDIER Magazine August 2022, Pg 33
  17. ^ "Exclusive: Ranger Regiment selection process before taking on Special Forces roles". Forces News. 26 November 2021. Retrieved 26 November 2021.
  18. ^ a b Sheridan, Danielle (24 November 2021). "Fury as new Army regiment's cap badge 'identical' to apartheid terror squad". The Telegraph. Retrieved 28 November 2021.
  19. ^ Cooke, Millie (25 November 2021). "British Army fury as new badge compared to Nazi and Apartheid death squad symbols". Express. Retrieved 28 November 2021.
  20. ^ "Introducing the Army's latest cap badge: Ranger Regiment". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 29 November 2021.