Norrland Dragoon Regiment

The Norrland Dragoon Regiment (Swedish: Norrlands dragonregemente), also K 4, is a Swedish Army unit specialized in arctic warfare and special operations. Located in the province of Lappland, it was historically a cavalry unit that traces its origins back to the 17th century.

Norrland Dragoon Regiment
Norrlands dragonregemente
Norrlands dragonregemente vapen (2021-).svg
Active1646–present (lineage)
2021–present (current form)
Country Sweden
AllegianceSwedish Armed Forces
BranchSwedish Army
TypeCavalry (historical)
RoleSpecial operations
Arctic warfare
SizeRegiment
Part of6th Military District (1853–1893)
6th Army Division (1893–1901)
VI Army Division (1902–1927)
Northern Army Division (1928–1936)
Upper Norrland's Troops (1937–1942)
VI. Milo (1942–1955)
I 19 (1955–1976)
Milo ÖN (1976–1993)
Milo N (1993–2000)
OPIL (2000–2004)
Garrison/HQArvidsjaur
Nickname(s)Norrland's Dragoons
Blue Dragoons
ColorsBlue and orange-yellow
March"Norrlands dragoners marsch" (Carlsson)[note 1]
Anniversaries20 September
Battle honoursNowy Dwór (1655)
Commanders
Current
commander
COL Teddy Larsson
Insignia
Branch insigniaTruppslagstecken för kavalleriet.jpg
Unit insigniaAM.090983-K 4 (02).jpg
Cap badgeAM.004694.jpg

HistoryEdit

 
Royal Norrland Dragoon Regiment (K 4) in Umeå in 1934.

The regiment has its origin in the Ångermanland, Medelpad and Jämtland Regiment raised in 1646. From 1689 on, this regiment was named Jämtland Dragoon Regiment, but had only one company of cavalry troops. This company was semi-separate, with the name Jämtland Cavalry Company (Jämtlands kavallerikompani) and had been split off from Bohus-Jämtland Cavalry Squadron in 1670. The company was renamed Jämtlands hästjägarskvadron in 1802 and after receiving another squadron it was organized into a battalion and renamed Jämtlands hästjägarkår in 1834.

The corps gained full status as a separate unit in 1853 and was given the designation K 8 (8th Cavalry Regiment). It was renamed Norrland Dragoon Regiment in 1892 and when merged with parts of the Crown Prince's Hussar Regiment in 1927 it was redesignated K 4 but kept its name before being reorganized to a battalion and renamed Norrland's Dragoons in 1958. Finally the regiment was renamed back to its old name in 1980.

On 31 December 2004, Norrland Dragoon Regiment (K 4) was disbanded. From 1 January 2005 the regiment was transferred to a disbandment organization until the disbandment was completed by 30 June 2006. However, the training battalion at the regiment remained in the Swedish Armed Forces' basic organization and was placed in Norrbotten Regiment as the Army Ranger Battalion (AJB) with a permanent base in Arvidsjaur.

The unit was re-raised and was inaugurated on 24 September 2021.[2] The inauguration was attended by His Majesty the King Carl XVI Gustaf, Prime Minister Stefan Löfven and the Supreme Commander of the Swedish Armed Forces, General Micael Bydén.[3]

CampaignsEdit

See also the campaigns for Jämtland Ranger Regiment.

OrganizationEdit

1833

See also the organization for Jämtland Ranger Regiment.

Heraldry and traditionsEdit

Colours, standards and guidonsEdit

 
The 1902 guidon.

The unit presents one guidon. Its first was presented on 30 September 1902 by major general Carl Warberg.[4] A new one was presented to the regiment by the Chief of the Army, lieutenant general, count Carl August Ehrenswärd at the regimental barracks in Umeå on 20 September 1955. The guidon is drawn by Brita Grep and embroidered by hand in insertion technique by the company Libraria.[5] Blazon: "On swallow-tailed blue cloth the provincial badge of Jämtland; a white elk passant, attacked on its back by a rising falcon and in the front by a rampant dog, both yellow. On a white border at the upper side of the guidon, battle honours (Nowodwor 1655) in blue. Blue fringe."[5] From 1957, the regimental letters as replaced from "NDR" to "ND", when the regiment was to be reduced to a battalion in 1958.[4]

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of the arms of the Norrland Dragoon Regiment (K 4) was used between 1977 and 2004. Blazon: "Azure, the provincial badge of Jämtland, an elk passant argent, attacked on the back by a rising falcon and in the front by a rampant dog both or; all animals armed and langued gules. The shield surmounted two rapiers in saltire or".[6] Prior to the unit being re-raised in 2021, it received a new coat of arms similar to the old one. Blazon: "Azure, the provincial badge of Jämtland, an elk passant argent, attacked on the back by a rising falcon and in the front by a rampant dog both or; all animals armed and langued or. The shield surmounted two rapiers in saltire or".[7]

MedalsEdit

In 2004, the Norrlands dragonregementes (K4) minnesmedalj ("Norrland Dragoon Regiment (K 4) Commemorative Medal") in silver (NorrldragMSM) was established. The medal ribbon was of blue moiré with an orange stripe on the middle.[8]

OtherEdit

The regimental anniversary is 20 September, as a memory to the Battle of Nowy Dwór on 20 September 1655.[4] The battle honour is shared with Jämtland Ranger Regiment (I 5).[9]

Commanding officersEdit

Regimental commander 1893–1957 and 1980–2004. From 1957 to 1980, the unit was a training battalion where the commanding officer was called battalion commander and was subordinate to the commander officer of Västerbotten Regiment.[10]

  • 1893–1893: Knut Gillis Bildt (acting)
  • 1893-1895: Gustaf Magnus Oskar Roger Björnstjerna
  • 1895–1904: Gustaf Adolf Löwenhielm
  • 1904–1914: Wilhelm Aschan
  • 1914–1917: Adolf Adelswärd
  • 1917–1919: Henric Ståhl
  • 1919–1922: Axel Ahnström
  • 1922–1930: Rickman von der Lancken
  • 1930–1935: Archibald Douglas
  • 1935–1940: Carl Björnstjerna
  • 1940–1943: Sven Colliander
  • 1943–1947: Henric Lagercrantz
  • 1947–1951: Sven David Oskar Hermelin
  • 1951–1952: James Axel John Maule
  • 1952–1957: Carl Johan Wachtmeister
  • 1957–1963: Gustaf William Frisén
  • 1963–1972: Ingemar Bondeson
  • 1972–1978: Claes Berthold Mikael Dieden
  • 1978–1980: Per Blomquist
  • 1980–1982: Per Blomquist
  • 1982–1984: Lars Wallén
  • 1984–1986: Per Stig Lennart Mohlin (acting)
  • 1986–1989: Björn Lundquist
  • 1989–1992: Mertil Melin
  • 1992–1996: Johan Kihl
  • 1996–2000: Frank Westman
  • 2000–2003: Gunnar Söderström
  • 2004–2005: Bengt Sandström
  • 2005–2021: –
  • 2021–20xx: Teddy Larsson

Names, designations and locationsEdit

Name Translation From To
Kungl. Norrlands dragonregemente Royal Norrland Dragoon Regiment 1893-01-01 1958-06-30
Kungl. Norrlands dragoner Royal Norrland Dragoons 1958-07-01 1974-12-31
Norrlands dragoner Norrland Dragoons[11] 1975-01-01 1980-03-31
Norrlands dragonregemente Norrland Dragoon Regiment 1980-04-01 2004-12-31
Avvecklingsorganisation Decommissioning Organisation 2005-01-01 2006-06-30
Norrlands dragonregemente Norrland Dragoon Regiment 2021-09-24
Designation From To
№ 8 1834-07-30 1914-09-30
K 8 1914-10-01 1927-12-31
K 4 1928-01-01 2004-12-31
K 4 2021-09-24
Location From To
Frösö Camp 1893-01-01 1900-10-12
Umeå Garrison 1900-10-13 1980-03-31
Arvidsjaur 1980-04-01 2004-12-31
Arvidsjaur 2021-09-24

See alsoEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ The march was adopted in 1901 and was established in 1953 by Army Order 33/1953.[1]

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Sandberg 2007, p. 22
  2. ^ "Nu etablerar Försvarsmakten nya förband" (in Swedish). Swedish Armed Forces. 17 September 2021. Retrieved 20 September 2021.
  3. ^ Carr, David (24 September 2021). "K 4 är tillbaka – nu växer Försvarsmakten" (in Swedish). Swedish Armed Forces. Retrieved 1 October 2021.
  4. ^ a b c Braunstein 2003, pp. 143–146
  5. ^ a b Braunstein 2004, p. 50
  6. ^ Braunstein 2006, p. 28
  7. ^ "Nya heraldiska vapen 2020" [New coat of arms in 2020] (in Swedish). National Archives of Sweden. Retrieved 5 October 2021.
  8. ^ Braunstein 2007, p. 121
  9. ^ Braunstein 2003, pp. 105–107
  10. ^ Kjellander 2003, p. 292
  11. ^ Gullberg 1977, p. 582

PrintEdit

Further readingEdit

Coordinates: 65°34′50″N 19°09′53″E / 65.58056°N 19.16472°E / 65.58056; 19.16472