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Map of Romania's railway network

The first railway in the Kingdom of Romania opened in 1869 and linked Bucharest and Giurgiu. The first railway on current Romanian territory opened in 1854, between Oraviţa and Baziaş in Banat, however that region was under the administration of the Austro-Hungarian Empire at the time.[citation needed]

Since then, the Romanian railway network has been significantly expanded, and is now the fourth largest in Europe by total track length, comprising 22,298 km (13,855 mi).[1] Of these, some 8,585 km are electrified. The route length is 10,788 km.[2] Structurally, Romania's railway system is one of the most obsolescent railway systems globally.[3][4]

Romania is a member of the International Union of Railways (UIC). The UIC Country Code for Romania is 53.



The network used to be operated by Căile Ferate Române, the state railway company, but since 1998, a number of private companies have begun operations in passenger and/or freight transport.

CFR's rail freight division became CFR Marfă.

Rail links with adjacent countriesEdit


  1. ^ "Reteaua feroviara" (in Romanian). Archived from the original on 2009-06-08. Retrieved 2009-09-06.
  2. ^
  3. ^ Secretariat of the European Parliament, Directorates-General, Romania's general transport master plan and rail system, retrieved on 17 December 2018. Archived at the Wayback machine "It comprises more than 1,000 stations, almost 200 tunnels and around 6,800 bridges. It is also in an advanced state of disrepair due to a chronic lack of maintenance: most of the track-related assets are on their last legs...According to the draft General Transport Master Plan about 65% of the track, 80% of the turnouts, 85% of the overhead catenary, 66% of the embankments and 40% of the bridges would require renewal. According to the Ministry of Transport 70% of rolling stock is outdated."
  4. ^ Duta, Luminita. Computer-Based Decision Support for Railroad Transportation Systems: an Investment Case Study, Research Gate, retrieved on 17 December 2018. Archived at the wayback machine. "After 1989, Romania inherited one of the largest, very dense, and frequently-utilized railway networks in Europe, which has, at the same time, a relatively outdated and partially worn-out infrastructure. This situation, combined with the economic decline that Romania faced in the 1990's due to its transition to a market economy, resulted in CFR entering in a period of noticeable relative decline. In the early 2000's, CFR started on a comprehensive modernization program with a view to improving its quality of services and image."

See alsoEdit