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|Parent company||RCA Records|
|Country of origin||Italy|
Founded in Rome in 1949 under the Vatican's protection and with its historic location which housed the recording studios on Via Tiburtina, the record company closed around 1990 is absorbed with its parent company by the Bertelsmann Music Group. The first years were produced largely by the American RCA, including Elvis Presley and Harry Belafonte, the fews recordings of those years concerning Italian artists are among others those of Domenico Modugno, Nilla Pizzi and Katyna Ranieri.
Subsequently artists are engaged: Nico Fidenco, Gianni Meccia, Jimmy Fontana, Edoardo Vianello, Rita Pavone, Nada, Gianni Morandi, Farida Gangi and Tony Del Monaco, who in the following years dominated sales. At that time, the best-selling single was "Il mondo", une chanson launched by the contest Un disco per l'estate in 1965, written and sung by Jimmy Fontana. RCA Italiana produced, directly or indirectly through controlled labels, numerous fundamental albums of Italian rock between the last 1960s and the first 1970s. In the face of this success, RCA decided to continue investing in young talents, such as: the Rokes, Patty Pravo, Luigi Tenco, Dino and Lucio Dalla.
The 1970s continued with the success of singer-songwriters and new singers, including: Claudio Baglioni, Francesco De Gregori, Paolo Conte, Ivano Fossati, Antonello Venditti, Renato Zero, Gabriella Ferri, Nicola Di Bari, Fiorella Mannoia, Riccardo Cocciante, Angelo Branduardi and Rino Gaetano.
Towards the end of the decade, the first periode of economic crisis came due to the decline of the Italian record market and a series of bad choices. In 1978, RCA lost Claudio Baglioni and Antonello Venditti, and some singers didn't achieve their saled objectives.
In the 1980s, other artists leave RCA including Paolo Conte, Francesco De Gregori and Ivano Fossati, and are not replaced. The managing director leaves the company, which is taken over by BMG Entertainment.