Exeter Airport (IATA: EXT, ICAO: EGTE), formerly Exeter International Airport, is an international airport located at Clyst Honiton in East Devon, close to the city of Exeter and within the county of Devon, South West England. In 2007, the airport handled over 1 million passengers for the first time, although passenger throughput subsequently declined, recovering to 931,000 passengers in 2018. Exeter has a CAA Public Use Aerodrome Licence (Number P759) that allows flights for the public transport of passengers or for flying instruction. The airport offers both scheduled and holiday charter flights within the United Kingdom and Europe.
|Operator||Regional & City Airports|
|Elevation AMSL||102 ft / 31 m|
Exeter Airport is located 4 miles (6.4 km) east of the city of Exeter and is approximately 170 miles (270 km) west south west of London. To the south, it is connected by the A30 dual carriageway which can be accessed from the east and the M5 in the west, just 1.5 miles (2.4 km) away. The M5 enables links to Bristol and the Midlands. There is no railway station at the airport. The closest, Cranbrook, is 2.2 miles (3.5 km) miles away by road. There is also a bus link to Exeter St Davids railway station, and a taxi service from Exeter for £30.
Exeter Airport was opened on 31 May 1937 and operated from a "tented" terminal before the permanent buildings were complete. Jersey Airways immediately inaugurated a summer service of eight flights per week from Jersey in de Havilland DH.84 Dragons. Railway Air Services ran connecting flights on to Plymouth and Bristol.
In World War II, RAF Exeter was an important RAF Fighter Command airfield during the Battle of Britain. RAF Exeter was used by the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) Ninth Air Force as a D-Day troop transport base with Douglas C-47 Skytrain transports dropping paratroops near Carentan to land on the Normandy Beachhead. It was known as USAAF Station AAF-463.
Two brass plaques on the wall near the airport's observation lounge commemorate the activities of 3 squadrons of the Polish Air Forces in France and Great Britain that were based at Exeter during World War II, and commend their actions in defence of the city of Exeter.
Battle of BritainEdit
RAF Exeter was home to the following Squadrons of No 10 Group during the Battle of Britain:
- No. 213 Squadron from 18 June 1940
- No. 87 Squadron from 5 July 1940
- No. 601 Squadron from 7 September 1940
Exeter met the requirement of basing USAAF troop carrier groups close to where units of the 101st Airborne Division were located and within reasonable range of the expected area of operations.
440th Troop Carrier GroupEdit
The 440th Troop Carrier Group arrived on 15 April 1944, with over 70 C-47/C-53 Skytrain aircraft. There was insufficient hardstandings to accommodate all the aircraft so many had to be parked on the turf, some areas being supported by tarmac. The 440th was a group of Ninth Air Force's 50th Troop Carrier Wing, IX Troop Carrier Command. The 98th TCS remained at Exeter until 7 August, when it began operating from RAF Ramsbury. On 11 September, the headquarters of the 440th TCG was established at the group's new base at Reims, France (ALG A-62D), and the last of the air echelon left Exeter two days later.
Walruses of an RAF air-sea rescue flight were the next tenants and these were joined by a glider training unit early in 1945. Post-war, Exeter was reclaimed by Fighter Command and a French Supermarine Spitfire squadron, No. 329, which came and stayed until November 1945. Meteors and Mosquitos made a brief appearance the following spring. No. 691 Squadron's target-towing Vultee A-31 Vengeances, which had been present for more than a year, proved to be the last RAF flying unit of the Second World War period based at Exeter. When No. 691 Squadron departed in the summer of 1946, the station was made available for civil use, being officially transferred to the Ministry of Civil Aviation on 1 January 1947, although there was still some reserve RAF activity until the 1950s.
Scheduled services to the Channel Islands began in 1952 and charter flights to various locations followed. A new terminal building was opened in the early 1980s and various other improvements, including a runway extension, were carried out over following years to establish Exeter as an important airport in the West Country. Exeter was a joint RAF/Civil airfield in the 1960s.
On 5 January 2007, a majority share of the airport was sold by Devon County Council to Regional and City Airports Ltd, a consortium led by construction firm Balfour Beatty. On 26 June 2013, the airport was bought by the Patriot Aerospace division of Rigby Group, which also owns Coventry Airport.
In August 2016, Exeter Airport recorded their highest passenger throughput in a single month since September 2008, with 100,374 passengers passing through the terminal. New services to Glasgow and the first route to be supported by the new Government Regional Air Connectivity fund to Norwich, contributed to a 19% increase in passenger numbers during the month of August. During 2018, the runway was resurfaced and energy-efficient LED lighting installed.
Airlines and destinationsEdit
|Flybe|| Amsterdam, Belfast–City, Dublin, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Guernsey, Jersey, London–City, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne, Paris–Charles de Gaulle |
Seasonal: Bergerac, Geneva
|Freebird Airlines||Seasonal charter: Dalaman|
|Isles of Scilly Skybus||Seasonal: Isles of Scilly|
|Ryanair||Alicante, Málaga, Malta|
|TUI Airways|| Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, Tenerife–South |
Seasonal: Antalya, Corfu, Faro, Heraklion, Ibiza, Larnaca, Menorca, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Rhodes, Sharm El Sheikh (resumes 4 November 2020), Zakynthos
Seasonal charter: Chambéry
- Flybe headquarters and primary maintenance facilities for inhouse and third party customers are housed at Exeter, with maintenance bays for up to eight aircraft simultaneously.
- Capital Air Ambulance, a private air ambulance operator, is based at Exeter.
- There is one flight training organisation based at the airport: Aviation South West, which offers a range of training from the Private Pilot Licence to the Commercial Pilots Licence and Instrument Rating.
- Devon Air Ambulance and National Police Air Service (NPAS) share a purpose built facility on the northern side of the airfield, having vacated the police headquarters at Middlemoor, Exeter in 2014.
The 25 busiest routes by air passenger numbers are listed below.
2017 / 18
|21||Isles of Scilly||13,445||2.9%|
- "Aircraft and passenger traffic data from UK airports". UK Civil Aviation Authority. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
- "RAF Exeter". South West Airfields Heritage Trust. Archived from the original on 5 October 2016. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
- "Exeter International Airport sold to Rigby Group PLC". BBC News. 27 June 2013. Archived from the original on 2 July 2013. Retrieved 27 June 2013.
- "Best month for passenger numbers in 8 years". Exeter Airport. 31 October 2016. Archived from the original on 13 November 2016. Retrieved 31 October 2016.
- "Resurfacing and new lighting for runway". Exeter Airport. 3 November 2017. Archived from the original on 1 May 2019. Retrieved 1 May 2019.
- Oliver Smith, Digital Travel Editor. "Revealed: Britain's best and worst airports". The Telegraph. Retrieved 9 September 2019.
- "Book Flights to Dalaman from Exeter Airport". Retrieved 26 November 2017.
- "Flight Timetable". tui.co.uk.
- "Cheap Ski Flights - Flights Only With Crystal Ski". www.crystalski.co.uk.
- "Medical Repatriation - Capital Air Ambulance". www.capitalairambulance.co.uk. Archived from the original on 10 January 2019. Retrieved 23 August 2019.
- "New helicopter base for Devon police and air ambulance service". Exeter Express & Echo. 12 May 2014. Archived from the original on 13 May 2014. Retrieved 12 May 2014.
- "Airport Data 2018". UK Civil Aviation Authority. 3 March 2018. Tables 12.1(XLS) and 12.2 (XLS). Archived from the original on 13 March 2017. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
- Freeman, Roger A. (1978) Airfields of the Eighth: Then and Now. After the Battle ISBN 0-900913-09-6
- Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.
- This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.