|Common grackle (Quiscalus quiscula)|
The genus was named and described by French ornithologist Louis Jean Pierre Vieillot in 1816. The type species was subsequently designated as the common grackle (Quiscalus quiscula) by English zoologist George Robert Gray in 1840. The genus name comes from the specific name Gracula quiscula coined by Swedish naturalist Carl Linnaeus for the common grackle. From where Linnaeus obtained the word is uncertain, but it may come from the Carib word quisqueya, meaning "mother of all lands", for the island of Hispaniola.
The genus contains six extant species and one extinct species:
|Image||Scientific name||Common name||Distribution|
|Quiscalus major||Boat-tailed grackle||Florida and the coastal Southeastern United States|
|Quiscalus quiscula||Common grackle||North America|
|Quiscalus mexicanus||Great-tailed grackle||northwestern Venezuela and western Colombia and Ecuador in the south to Minnesota in the north, to Oregon, Idaho, and California in the west, to Florida in the east, with vagrants occurring as far north as southern Canada|
|Quiscalus nicaraguensis||Nicaraguan grackle||Nicaragua and northernmost Costa Rica|
|Quiscalus niger||Greater Antillean grackle||the Greater Antilles|
|Quiscalus lugubris||Carib grackle||Colombia east to Venezuela and northeastern Brazil|
- Vieillot, Louis Jean Pierre (1816). Analyse d'une Nouvelle Ornithologie Élémentaire (in French). Paris: Deterville/self. p. 36.
- Gray, George Robert (1840). A List of the Genera of Birds : with an Indication of the Typical Species of Each Genus. London: R. and J.E. Taylor. p. 41.
- Paynter, Raymond A. Jr, ed. (1968). Check-list of Birds of the World. Volume 14. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Museum of Comparative Zoology. p. 187.
- Linnaeus, Carl (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis (in Latin). Volume 1 (10th ed.). Holmiae (Stockholm): Laurentii Salvii. p. 109.
- Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. pp. 328–329. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
- Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2019). "Oropendolas, orioles, blackbirds". IOC World Bird List Version 9.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 4 September 2019.
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