Pwani Region

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Pwani Region (Mkoa wa Pwani in Swahili) is one of Tanzania's 31 administrative regions. The word "Pwani" in Swahili means the "coast". The regional capital is the town of Kibaha. The Region borders the Tanga Region to the north, Morogoro Region to the west, Lindi Region to the south, and surrounds Dar es Salaam Region to the east. The Indian Ocean also borders the region to its northeast and southeast. The region is home to Mafia Island, the Rufiji delta and Saadani National Park. The region is home to Bagamoyo town, a historical Swahili settlement, and the first colonial capital of German East Africa. According to the 2012 national census, the region had a population of 1,098,668, which was slightly lower than the pre-census projection of 1,110,917.[2]: page 2  From 2002 to 2012, the region's 2.2 percent average annual population growth rate was the seventeenth-highest in the country.[2]: page 4  It was also the 21st most densely populated region with 34 people per square kilometre.,[2]: page 6 [3] the region is slightly larger than Belgium (32,133 square kilometres (12,407 sq mi)).

Pwani Region
Mkoa wa Pwani (Swahili)
Overhead view of the coastal area of Bagamoyo.jpg
Vikindu Coconuts.jpg
Architectural Detail - Bagamoyo - Tanzania - 01.jpg
From top to bottom:
Bird's eye view of Bagamoyo District, Coconut landscape of Mkuranga District and Bagamoyo
Etymology: The Coast
Beautiful Pwani
Location in Tanzania
Location in Tanzania
Coordinates: 7°19′25.68″S 38°49′13.8″E / 7.3238000°S 38.820500°E / -7.3238000; 38.820500Coordinates: 7°19′25.68″S 38°49′13.8″E / 7.3238000°S 38.820500°E / -7.3238000; 38.820500
Country Tanzania
Administrative Region1972
 • Total32,547 km2 (12,566 sq mi)
 • Rank13th of 31
Highest elevation
874 m (2,867 ft)
 • Total1,098,668
 • Rank20th of 31
 • Density34/km2 (87/sq mi)
Ethnic groups
 • SettlerSwahili
 • NativeZaramo, Ndengereko, Rufiji, Kwere, Doe & Zigua
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
ISO 3166 codeTZ-19
HDI (2018)0.506[1]
low · 16th of 25
WebsiteOfficial website
Symbols of Tanzania
Crowned Hawk-Eagle (Stephanoaetus coronatus) with prey ... (31850405640).jpg
African crowned eagle
Gold-banded Forester - Euphaedra neophron, Gorongosa National Park, Mozambique (30633313408).jpg
Gold banded forester
Whale shark Georgia aquarium.jpg
Whale shark
Kobus ellipsiprymnus (Kruger, 2012).jpg
Mangoes during the end of Autumn season in Hyderabad (2).jpg
Kaolinite Ixtassou MNHN Géologie.jpg


The native peoples of the Pwani Region are the Zaramo, Kwere, Doe, Ndengereko, Zigua, and Rufiji. The Zaramo are the dominant people group in Pwani Region and are native to central Pwani, specifically in Kisarawe, Kibaha, Mkuranga, and Bagamoyo districts. The second-largest group in terms of the territory is the Rufiji people who are native to Rufiji and Kibiti districts. The Kwere and Doe are native to Bagamoyo District and also southern Zigua people. In 2012, the region had 1,098,668 residents, up from 885,017 in the 2002 Population Census, indicating a considerable increase of 213,651 individuals (24.1%) during the intercensal period. The region has a population of 2.5 percent of Tanzania's overall population. When compared to other regions on the Mainland, the Coast Region ranks fifth least populated, followed by Iringa, Lindi, Njombe, and Katavi. Between 1988 and 2002, the population of the Pwani Region increased at a rate of 2.4 percent each year. Between 2002 and 2012, the annual growth rate fell to an average of 2.2 percent.[4]

Zaramo Dance 1960s
Brooklyn Museum 1991.228.2 Zaramo Container


Agriculture remains the mainstay of the Pwani Region's economy. Commercial and peasant farming are practiced, with the latter taking precedence. Crop farming employed 82 percent of the economically active population in the 2007/08 Coast area agriculture sample census report, followed by livestock husbandry (2 percent), and fishing (2%). The remaining 12% worked in non-farming activities such as trade and repairs. Agriculture generates the majority of the region's monetary income, primarily through the sale of coconuts, oranges, mango, and cassava on a large scale.[5]

Administrative divisionsEdit


As of 2012, Pwani Region is divided into six districts, each administered by a council:

Districts of Pwani Region
  Bagamoyo District 311,740
Kibaha District 128,488
Kibaha Urban District 70,209
Kisarawe District 101,598
Mafia District 46,438
Mkuranga District 222,921
Rufiji District 217,274
Total 1,098,668

However, additional districts have been added since 2012; Kibiti District and Chalinze District.[6][7]


Secondary (high) schools operated by the ministry of education in Pwani Region include:

  1. Kibaha Secondary School (Kibaha District)
  2. Kibiti Secondary School (Rufiji District)
  3. Minaki Secondary School (Kisarawe District) — this school was established in Kisarawe in 1925, as St. Andrews College. Prior to that, it traces its history back to a Universities' Mission to Central Africa mission school established in Kiungani, Zanzibar, in 1869.[8]

Notable peopleEdit


  1. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Archived from the original on 2018-09-23. Retrieved 2020-02-26.
  2. ^ a b c Population Distribution by Administrative Units, United Republic of Tanzania, 2013 Archived 2013-05-02 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Statistical Abstract 2011, Tanzania National Bureau of Statistics Archived 2013-11-05 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "Pwani Population Profile". Archived from the original on 2022-06-15. Retrieved 2022-06-11.
  5. ^ "Pwani Eocnomic Profile". Archived from the original on 2022-06-15. Retrieved 2022-06-11.
  6. ^ "Kibiti District". Archived from the original on 2022-06-10. Retrieved 2022-06-11.
  7. ^ "Chalinze District". Archived from the original on 2022-06-14. Retrieved 2022-06-11.
  8. ^ Cooper-Poole, John; Doro, Marion, eds. (1 January 2006). "Reviews: The Story of Minaki. P M Libaba Second edition 2005, with additions by Peter White". Tanzanian Affairs. 83. Archived from the original on 7 July 2022. Retrieved 23 December 2010.

External linksEdit