Pulaar language

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Pulaar is a Fula language spoken primarily as a first[3] language by the Fula and Toucouleur peoples in the Senegal River valley area traditionally known as Futa Tooro and further south and east. Pulaar speakers, known as Haalpulaar'en live in Senegal, Mauritania, the Gambia, and western Mali.

Futa Tooro
Native toGuinea, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, The Gambia, Mali, Mauritania
EthnicityFula people, Toucouleur people
Native speakers
4.45 million (2019)[1]
Fula alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-3fuc

According to Ethnologue there are several dialectal varieties, but all are mutually intelligible.

Pulaar is not to be confused with Pular, another variety of Fula spoken in Guinea (including the Fouta Djallon region). The Pulaar and Pular varieties of Fula are to some extent mutually intelligible.

Pulaar is written in a Latin script, but historically was written in an Arabic script known as "Ajami script", and also the Adlam script. (see Fula alphabets).

Linguistic featuresEdit

The negative accomplished verb form ends in -aani. (This is slightly different from Maasina Fulfulde and Pular.)


  1. ^ Pulaar at Ethnologue (19th ed., 2016)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Pulaar". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Pulaar.