1978 Mauritanian coup d'état
The 1978 Mauritanian coup d'état was a bloodless military coup in Mauritania which took place on 10 July 1978. The coup, led by the Army Chief of Staff, Colonel Mustafa Ould Salek, who commanded a group of junior officers, overthrew President Moktar Ould Daddah, who ruled the country since independence from France in 1960. The main motive for the coup was Daddah's ill-fated participation in the Western Sahara War (from 1975 onwards) and the resulting ruin of the economy of Mauritania. Following the coup, Salek had assumed the presidency of a newly-formed military junta, the 20-member Military Committee for National Recovery (CMRN).
|Date||10 July 1978|
|Cause||Participation of Mauritania in the Western Sahara War|
|Target||Presidential Palace, Nouakchott|
|Organised by||Mustafa Ould Salek|
|Participants||Faction within the Armed Forces|
After a period of imprisonment, Ould Daddah was allowed to go into exile in France in August 1979, and was allowed to return to Mauritania on 17 July 2001.
- "Military Takes Over in Mauritania With a Reportedly Bloodless Coup". The New York Times. July 11, 1978. Retrieved April 24, 2020.
- "MAURITANIA REGIME HELD PRO‐WESTERN". The New York Times. July 12, 1978. Retrieved April 24, 2020.
- Robert E. Handloff. "Mauritania: Government". Mauritania: A Country Study. Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress, 1988. Retrieved May 22, 2020.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 20, 2012. Retrieved December 19, 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Ousted Mauritanian president returns home". BBC. July 18, 2001. Retrieved May 22, 2020.