|Formerly||American Public Radio|
|Type||Public radio network|
|Founder||William Hugh Kling|
|Fate||Merged into Public Radio Exchange|
|Headquarters||Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S.|
|Revenue||16,134,095 United States dollar (2017)|
|Parent||WGBH Educational Foundation (2012–2018)|
PRI was one of the main providers of programming for public radio stations in the US, alongside National Public Radio, American Public Media and the Public Radio Exchange. PRI merged with the Public Radio Exchange in 2018.
In the United States, PRI distributed well-known programming to public radio stations. Among its programs were the global news program The World, which PRI co-produced with WGBH Boston. Programs on PRI—sometimes mis-attributed to National Public Radio—were produced by a variety of organizations, including PRI in the United States and other countries. PRI, along with NPR and American Public Media, was one of the largest program producers and distributors of public radio programming in the United States. PRI offered over 280 hours of programming each week to stations and listeners. Public Radio International said its mission was to "serve audiences as a distinctive content source for information, insights and cultural experiences essential to living in our diverse, interconnected world."
Approximately 850 radio station affiliates and other audio venues broadcast, streamed and downloaded PRI programs. According to the 2017 Nielsen Audio ratings, 8.1 million people listened to PRI programming each week.
PRI's programs won awards for quality and innovation, including the DuPont-Columbia Award, Scripps Howard Award for Excellence in Electronic Media/Radio, George M. Foster Peabody Award, Golden Reel Award and Gabriel Award.
PRI programming received funding from station fees, corporate underwriting, and individual and corporate grants. Less than 2% of the overall operating budget came from United States government agencies.
PRI was founded in 1983 as American Public Radio as an alternative to NPR for public radio program distribution. Five stations established American Public Radio as a syndicate: the Minnesota Public Radio network, KQED/San Francisco, WNYC/New York City, WGUC/Cincinnati, and KUSC in Los Angeles. The corporation changed its name to Public Radio International in 1994 to reflect its growing interest and involvement in international audio publishing, as typified by its many collaborations with the BBC.
In the mid-1990s, PRI began to expand its reach by producing programming in addition to distributing programming. This evolution in the company began with PRI's The World, originally a co-production among PRI, the BBC World Service, and WGBH.
In 2004, Minnesota Public Radio left PRI and began distributing its own shows (including A Prairie Home Companion and Marketplace and excluding Classical 24) through its newly created arm, American Public Media. In 2012, PRI was acquired by the WGBH Educational Foundation.
Public Radio International and Public Radio Exchange merged in 2018. Both networks maintained separate identities and programming until 2019, when the Public Radio International branding was retired. In 2020, the last remaining PRI program other than The World, Studio 360, aired its last episode, concluding with the PRI station ID.
Recent program launches and firstsEdit
In 1995: PRI launches Classical 24, public radio's first 24-hour classical music service, as a co-production with Minnesota Public Radio.
In 1996: PRI's The World premieres, presenting issues and events "through a global lens" to American audiences. Co-produced by PRI with BBC World Service and WGBH Radio Boston, it was the first daily news co-production ever undertaken by the BBC.
In 2001: PRI’s Studio 360 launches.
In September, PRI and Symphony Space of New York City announced that PRI would become the national distribution partner of Selected Shorts, which had previously been distributed by National Public Radio.
In January 2008, PRI and WNYC announced that the name of their new morning drive news program is The Takeaway with John Hockenberry and Adaora Udoji. This program's editorial partners include The BBC World Service, The New York Times, and WGBH Radio Boston. The program successfully launched April 28, and full national launch was expected June/July 2008.
On May 1, 2008, PRI was the first major public media outlet to use digital cinema; and one of the first mass media companies overall. PRI conceived and spearheaded This American Life Live! in partnership with Ira Glass and WBEZ Chicago. This American Life Live! was presented exclusively in select theatres by National CineMedia's (NCM) Fathom, in partnership with BY Experience and Chicago Public Radio, and in association with Public Radio International.
In 2012: PRI is acquired by WGBH.
On March 21, 2014, the company announced the agreement to distribute This American Life would end July 1, 2014.
In 2017: PRI launches its Engagement Lab.
Relationship with NPREdit
Public radio is a generic term for non-commercial radio stations or programming that are covered under the Public Broadcasting Act. Public radio organizations receive funding from corporate sponsors, public (e.g., Corporation for Public Broadcasting) and private foundation grants as well as donations and gifts from individuals. The mix of revenue differs by station, network and/or producer. PRI, NPR and American Public Media are the largest providers of public radio programming in the United States. They compete with each other for slots on public radio stations and the attention of listeners. Each has distinct missions and emphases in programming—PRI is focused on global journalism, providing diverse voices, and arts and cultural perspectives. Any given public radio station may be simultaneously both an NPR member and an affiliate of PRI and APM. PRI is a not-for-profit organization that has an independent governing board with an independent board of directors. NPR is a membership organization; its board is composed of public radio stations which run for seats on the board.
PRI was a younger organization than NPR, and focused on pushing the sound of public radio forward through innovative programming strategies and leading media in its areas of focus—global news and cultural perspectives. (NPR was founded in 1970 and PRI in 1983.) Many PRI shows drew a younger overall audience than shows produced by NPR. PRI's stated purpose was to offer a wider range of voices than NPR programs.
In recent years, there have been changes among distributors of numerous programs. Some programs that were formerly distributed by PRI, such as A Prairie Home Companion, Marketplace, and American Routes, along with the BBC World Service, are now distributed by American Public Media. APM was formed by Minnesota Public Radio to distribute programs it owned and produced, thereby moving distribution from PRI to APM.
In addition, PRI distributed World Cafe for many years, but in 2005, the show's distribution was switched to NPR. At the same time, PRI has also picked up the distribution of programs originally distributed by NPR, including Michael Feldman's Whad'Ya Know?, and, in 2006, Living on Earth—public radio's leading news and information program focused on the environment. In September 2007, PRI became the national distributor of Selected Shorts which was previously distributed by NPR.
In January 2014, PRI became the national distributor of Science Friday, also previously distributed by NPR. On April 11, 2018, distribution of the show changed hands once more when it went from PRI to WNYC Studios.
- Clemetson, Lynette (August 30, 2004). "All Things Considered, NPR's Growing Clout Alarms Member Stations". The New York Times. Retrieved December 15, 2008.
For years stations have sought to diversify their programming options. Public Radio International, which was also created by stations and has become NPR's primary competitor, markets and distributes programs produced by local stations, like [...] Michael Feldman's Whad'Ya Know, a weekly entertainment show produced by Wisconsin Public Radio.
- "PRI Fact Sheet". Public Radio International. Retrieved May 27, 2014.
- "PRI Fact Sheet". Public Radio International. Retrieved April 20, 2021.
- Nielsen Audio Nationwide-Act 1 Systems, DMA Persons 12+ based on stations' broadcast schedule
- "PRI's The World Wins Prestigious 2006 duPont-Columbia Award" (Press release). Public Radio International. December 15, 2005. Retrieved September 22, 2007.
- "PRI's 'The World' wins multiple awards, celebrates 10th year" (Press release). Public Radio International. April 4, 2006. Retrieved September 22, 2007.
- Peabody Awards for Public Radio International Archived December 28, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, accessed September 2014.
- "Golden Reel Awards – 2004 Winners". National Federation of Community Broadcasters. 2004. Archived from the original on April 17, 2010. Retrieved September 22, 2007.
- "Gabriel Awards". Home.catholicweb.com. Archived from the original on October 14, 2013. Retrieved October 12, 2013.
- "American Public Radio Extending Its Network". The New York Times. August 10, 1983. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 10, 2019.
- "MPR to rep its own shows, mainstays of PRI catalog | Current". Retrieved March 11, 2019.
- "Boston's WGBH acquires Public Radio International". Poynter. July 26, 2012. Retrieved November 23, 2018.
- Ben Sisario (July 27, 2012). "Boston's WGBH Buys Public Radio International". The New York Times. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- Falk, Tyler (August 15, 2018). "PRI, PRX merge to form new organization". current.org. Current. Retrieved January 16, 2020.
Public Radio International and PRX will merge under an unusual arrangement that allows both to maintain separate identities and program portfolios.
- Beard, David (August 20, 2018). "Merger of 2 public radio outsiders has something for both". poynter.org. Poynter Institute. Retrieved January 16, 2020.
Last week, the two public radio experimenters announced they would merge.
- Falk, Tyler; Reporter (November 2019). "PRX drops PRI from branding". Current. Retrieved January 2, 2021.
- "PRI to partner with 'Selected Shorts' for national distribution" (Press release). Public Radio International. September 14, 2007. Retrieved September 22, 2007.
- "Popcorn available with this Ira Glass show, 2008". Current.org. April 7, 2008. Archived from the original on June 17, 2011. Retrieved June 26, 2011.
- "This American Life – Live!". Pri.org. April 4, 2008. Archived from the original on June 13, 2011. Retrieved June 26, 2011.
- "Public Radio International Dropping 'This American Life'". Deadline Hollywood. March 21, 2014. Retrieved March 21, 2014.
- McGrath, Charles (February 17, 2008). "Is PBS Still Necessary". The New York Times. Retrieved February 15, 2008.
- "American Public Media Acquires National Distribution of American Routes, Public Radio's Weekly Exploration of American Music : American Public Media is now second in weekly audience size to NPR. (Arbitron Nationwide, Spring 2007)" (Press release). American Public Media. March 2, 2007. Retrieved September 22, 2007.
- 'Science Friday' partners with WNYC on distribution Current Public Media, January 11, 2018. Retrieved January 11, 2018.