Pszenno [ˈpʂɛnnɔ] (German: Weizenrodau) is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Świdnica, within Świdnica County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, in south-western Poland.

Pszenno
Village
Nicolaus Copernicus Elementary School in Pszenno
Nicolaus Copernicus Elementary School in Pszenno
Pszenno is located in Poland
Pszenno
Pszenno
Pszenno is located in Lower Silesian Voivodeship
Pszenno
Pszenno
Coordinates: 50°51′23″N 16°32′15″E / 50.85639°N 16.53750°E / 50.85639; 16.53750Coordinates: 50°51′23″N 16°32′15″E / 50.85639°N 16.53750°E / 50.85639; 16.53750
Country Poland
VoivodeshipLower Silesian
CountyŚwidnica
GminaGmina Świdnica
Established13th century
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Vehicle registrationDSW
National roadsDK35-PL.svg

It is located approximately 9 kilometres (6 mi) east of Świdnica, and 47 kilometres (29 mi) south-west of the regional capital Wrocław.

The most notable sights of the village include the medieval Saint Nicholas church and a museum dedicated to sugar production, which is located at the local sugar refinery.

HistoryEdit

 
Saint Nicholas church

In 1243 the village was established within fragmented Piast-ruled Poland under so-called German Law under Johann Graf von Wuerben.[1]

The Polish name comes from the word pszenica, which means wheat, while the German name Weizenrodau literally means wheat uprooting. The ancestors of the Watzenrode family of Prussia based their family name on the village[2] since this is where they originated.

Since 1645, the Evangelical inhabitants of the town belonged to the Church of Peace in nearby Świdnica, while until 1773, the Catholics belonged to the Jesuit Church of Świdnica. The village was annexed by Prussia in 1741, and was administratively located in the Świdnica County (then Landkreis Schweidnitz) since. A sugar factory was established in the village in the early 19th century. From 1871 to 1945 it was also part of Germany. In 1874 the local civil registry was established. During World War II the Germans operated the E12001 forced labour subcamp of the Stalag VIII-B/344 prisoner-of-war camp in the village.[3] After Germany's defeat in the war, in 1945, the village became again part of Poland.

EconomyEdit

There is a sugar refinery in the village.

TransportEdit

The Polish National road 35 runs through the village.

EducationEdit

The Nicolaus Copernicus Elementary School (Szkoła Podstawowa im. Mikołaja Kopernika) is located in Pszenno.

SportsEdit

The local football club is Cukrownik Pszenno.[4] It competes in the lower leagues.

Famous residentsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Weizenrodau established 1243 with German Law
  2. ^ Eugeniusz Rybka, Przemysław Rybka, "Kopernik--człowiek i myśl", Wiedza Powszechna, 1972, pg. 150, [1]
  3. ^ "Working Parties". Lamsdorf.com. Archived from the original on 29 October 2020. Retrieved 15 May 2021.
  4. ^ "Cukrownik Pszenno - strona klubu" (in Polish). Retrieved 15 May 2021.

External linksEdit