Psarades (Greek: Ψαράδες), is a village and a community of the Prespes municipality. Before the 2011 local government reform it was part of the municipality of Prespes, of which it was a municipal district.
Panorama of Psarades.
|Administrative region||West Macedonia|
|Elevation||850 m (2,790 ft)|
|• Population||83 (2011)|
|• Area (km2)||41.064|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
The current name of the village, Psarades, means "fishermen" in Greek. Until 1927, Psarades was known as Nivitsa (Greek: Νίβιτσα). In Bulgarian and in Macedonian, it is known as Нивици; Nivitsi, meaning fields.
At the end of XIX, Nivitsi is a purely Bulgarian village. The Ethnography of the Adrianople, Monastir and Salonica villas, published in Constantinople in 1878 and reflecting the statistics of the 1873 male population, Nivitzi is referred to as a village in the kaza of Resen with 30 households and 92 Bulgarians.
At the beginning of the 20th century, Nivitsi was a purely Bulgarian village. According to the statistics of Vasil Kanchov ("Macedonia, Ethnography and Statistics"), 200 Bulgarian Christians lived in the village in 1900. After the Ilinden Uprising in 1904, the whole village passed under the jurisdiction of the Bulgarian Exarchate. According to the Exarchist secretary Dimitar Mishev (1906), there were 528 Bulgarian Exarchists in Nivitsi. The Bulgarian church "Virgin Mary" was built here in 1893.
The 2011 census recorded 83 inhabitants in the village. The community of Psarades covers an area of 41.064 km2. 1993 research found that the village is Slavophonic and the Macedonian language is saved on a medium level.
In 17 June 2018, the Prime Ministers of Greece and the Republic of Macedonia signed an agreement at the village, aiming the end of the Macedonia naming dispute. The Prespa Agreement took its name from homonymous lake, on the shores of which the village of Psarades was built.
- "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.
- Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (in Greek)
- "Πανδέκτης: Nivitsa -- Psarades". Retrieved 2018-11-14. Pandektis: Name Changes of Settlements in Greece, compiled by the Institute for Neohellenic Research
- Włodzimierz, Pianka (1970). Toponomastikata na Ohridsko-Prespanskiot bazen. Institut za makedonski jazik "Krste Misirkov". p. 142.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) "Нивици... Во селото и сега има Македонци... Името е топографско, примарно, рамно на дем. од нива (во sing. или pl). На грцки селото се вика Ψαράδες."
- „Македония и Одринско. Статистика на населението от 1873 г.“ Македонски научен институт, София, 1995, стр. 88-89.
- Кънчов, Васил. Македония. Етнография и статистика, София, 1900, стр. 242.
- Силянов, Христо. Освободителните борби на Македония, том II, София, 1993, стр. 125.
- Brancoff, D.M. La Macédoine et sa Population Chrétienne, Paris, 1905, pp. 170-171.
- Македонски Алманах, издава Ц.К. на МПО, редактор Петър Ацев, издание на "The Macedonian Tribune", Indianapolis, 1940, стр. 42.
- "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece.
- Use of minority languages in the departments of Florina and Aridea (Macedonia). Riki Van Boeschoten (in French).
- Greece and Macedonia sign agreement on name change
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