The province of Sassari (Italian: provincia di Sassari, Sardinian: provìntzia de Tàtari, Sassarese: prubìnzia di Sàssari, Catalan: província de Sàsser) is a province in the autonomous island region of Sardinia in Italy. Its capital is the city of Sassari. As of 2017[update], the province had a population of 493,357 inhabitants.
Province of Sassari
|• Extraordinary commissar||Guido Sechi|
|• Total||7,692 km2 (2,970 sq mi)|
(31 July 2017)
|• Density||64/km2 (170/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
In ancient times, between 1600 and 1500 BC, the Nuraghi civilization was at its peak in this area. During the Roman domination, the Logudoro region was one of the main grain suppliers of the Western Roman Empire, and was the seat of several legions. In the Middle Ages, the Logudoro region was the center of one of the four quasi-kingdoms in which Sardinia was divided, the Giudicato di Torres or Logoduro, the first capital being Ardara, later replaced by Sassari. The numerous countryside Romanesque basilicas date from this period. After the conquest by the House of Aragon, Logoduro declined, but later, under the House of Savoy rule as part of the Kingdom of Sardinia, it grew in significance. In the 20th century the construction of roads and railways brought more prosperity, but at the same time destroyed the large forest heritage of the region.
The Province of Sassari was founded in 1859, even before the unification of Italy in 1861, with an area which until 1927 included the entire head of the island, making it the largest province in the country at the time. The modern University of Sassari dates to around the same time that the province was created. Since 1878 the province has been administered from the Palazzo della Provincia in Sassari.
Facing the Sardinian Sea to the north and west and the Tyrrhenian Sea to the east, the Province of Sassari is bordered to the south by the provinces of Nuoro and Oristano. It has an area of 7,692 square kilometres (2,970 sq mi), and a total population of 493,357 (2017). There are 92 municipalities (comuni) in the province, the largest of which are Sassari, Olbia, Alghero, Porto Torres, Tempio Pausania, Sorso, Ozieri, Ittiri and Sennori. Another town of note, Pattada, is particularly known for its handmade knives.
In the province is the only natural lake in Sardinia, Lake Baratz, and one of the largest artificial lakes, Lake Coghinas in the western part which (before the re-organization of Sardinian provinces) formed the boundary with the abolished province of Olbia-Tempio. In this territory is one of the largest plains in Sardinia, Nurra. The province contains some of the most famous resorts of Sardinia including Castelsardo, Porto Torres, Alghero, the Riviera del Corallo, Stintino and others. Stintino is located on the peninsula of the same name, running from the Nurra plain to the Asinara Island, part of the Asinara National Park. Among the notable beaches of the Province of Sassari is Balai in Porto Torres, Pelosa Beach in Stintino, and others such as Alghero il Lido, Maria Pia, Bombarde, and Mugoni. The inner part of the province in the traditional Logoduro region is characterized by a hilly and mountainous landscape, with soft volcanic terrains. The town of Ozieri is its most important center for culture and history away from the coast, noted for its production of tools and pottery from ancient times.
List of presidents of the province of SassariEdit
|President||Term start||Term end||Party|
|1||Nino Campus||1952||1956||Christian Democracy|
|2||Antonio Porqueddu||1956||1961||Christian Democracy|
|3||Lorenzo Forteleoni||1961||1964||Christian Democracy|
|4||Salvatore Maniga||1964||1970||Christian Democracy|
|5||Gavino Bazzoni||1970||1974||Christian Democracy|
|6||Michele Corda||1974||1975||Christian Democracy|
|7||Giommaria Cherchi||1975||1980||Italian Communist Party|
|8||Giovanni Desini||1980||1985||Italian Democratic Socialist Party|
|9||Vittorio Francesco Sanna||1985||1990||Christian Democracy|
|10||Giacomo Sanna||1990||1994||Sardinian Action Party|
|11||Antonio Pompedda||1994||1995||Democratic Party of the Left|
|12||Pietro Soddu||1995||2000||Italian People's Party|
|13||Franco Masala||2000||2005||Forza Italia|
|14||Alessandra Giudici||2005||2010||The Daisy|
|–||Guido Sechi||2015||Incumbent||Special Commissioner|
- Population data from ISTAT
- "Sassari". Italia.it. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
- Simonis, Damien (2003). Sardinia. Lonely Planet. p. 83. ISBN 978-1-74059-033-4.
- A Gazetteer of the World: Or, Dictionary of Geographical Knowledge. A. Fullarton. 1859. p. 444.
- Barnard, Henry (1870). The American journal of education. F.C. Brownell. p. 198.
- "Statistiche". Italian National Institute of Statistics (ISTAT). Archived from the original on 7 August 2007. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
- Dyson, Stephen L.; Jr., Robert J. Rowland (10 December 2007). Archaeology and History in Sardinia from the Stone Age to the Middle Ages: Shepherds, Sailors, and Conquerors. UPenn Museum of Archaeology. p. 36. ISBN 978-1-934536-02-5.