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Princess Uisun (1635-1662; birth name Yi Ae-suk) was a member of the Joseon royal family, who was adopted as a daughter by Hyojong of Joseon and Queen Inseon so that she could marry the Aisin Gioro prince Dorgon.

Princess Uisun
의순공주
Born1635
Died1662 (aged 26–27)
SpouseDorgon (d. 1650)
Bolo (d. 1652)
HouseJeonju Yi
FatherYi Gyeyun, Prince Geumrim (錦林君李愷胤)
MotherLady of the Ryu clan of Munhwa
Princess Uisun
Hangul의순공주
Hanja義順公主
Revised RomanizationUisun gongju
McCune–ReischauerŬisun' gongju
Birth name
Hangul이애숙
Hanja李愛淑
Revised RomanizationYi Ae-suk
McCune–ReischauerYi Ae-suk

Contents

BiographyEdit

Yi Ae-suk was born one of the four daughters and seven sons of Yi Gyeyun, himself a descendent of Seongjong of Joseon.

Political marriageEdit

In 1650, Dorgon sent an emissary to the Joseon court to forge an alliance with Hyojong of Joseon.[1] The emissary requested that one of Hyojong's daughters marry Dorgon; however, Hyojong responded that his daughter was only two years old.[2] He suggested that a female from the royal clan could be an option, though his ministers greatly opposed offering any of their daughters.[3]

Twenty days later, Ae-suk was given the title Princess Uisun and her birth father was gifted cloth and rice.[4] Nearly one month after her adoption as Hyojong's daughter, Princess Uisun left the palace at Hanseong, accompanied by 16 maids, a female physician, and her nursemaid. The Veritable Records of Hyojong record that the people of Hanseong watched the procession leave and, "there were none who did not grieve."[5] Two of her brothers, Yi Jun and Yi Su, were permitted to accompany the princess on her journey to Dorgon.[6]

Dorgon died soon after the princess' arrival in 1650. After this, Princess Uisun was hastily married to one of Dorgon's nephews, his general Prince Bolo of the Second Rank, but he died in 1652.[7]

Return to KoreaEdit

In 1656, Yi Gyeyun was dispatched as part of a diplomatic party to Yanjing. Yi presented tribute and was entertained at a feast, during which he wept and petitioned for Princess Uisun to return to Korea.[7][8] This was allowed,[9] and, on her return, Hyojong granted the princess a monthly stipend.[10] Yi Gyeyun received severe criticism from other court officials for thinking more of personal gain than the well-being of the Joseon state in requesting her return without first consulting the king.[11]

Princess Uisun died of an illness in 1662 and her burial rites were provided for by Hyeonjong of Joseon, who described her fate as pitiable.[7]

FamilyEdit

  1. Yi Jun (이준)
  2. Yi Su (이수)
  3. Yi Hae (이해)
  • Spouse:
  1. Prince Rui of the First Rank (17 November 1612 – 31 December 1650) (예친왕)
  2. Prince Duanzhong of the First Rank (1613 – 23 April 1652) (단중친왕)

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Veritable Records of Hyojong, volume 3, day 9, month 3, year 1 of Hyojong's reign.
  2. ^ This was a lie. Although Hyojong's youngest daughter with his legal wife, Princess Sukgyeong, was only two years old, they had four other daughters in 1650: Princess Sukan was 14; Princess Sukmyeong was 10; Princess Sukhwi was eight; and Princess Sukjeong was five.
  3. ^ Veritable Records of Hyojong, volume 3, day 5, month 3, year 1 of Hyojong's reign.
  4. ^ Veritable Records of Hyojong, volume 3, day 25, month 3, year 1 of Hyojong's reign.
  5. ^ 都民觀者,無不慘然。(Veritable Records of Hyojong, volume 3, day 22, month 4, year 1 of Hyojong's reign).
  6. ^ Veritable Records of Hyojong, volume 3, day 24, month 4, year 1 of Hyojong's reign.
  7. ^ a b c Veritable Records of Hyeongjong, volume 5, day 18, month 5, year 3 of Hyeongjong's reign.
  8. ^ Veritable Records of Shunzhi.
  9. ^ Veritable Records of Hyojong, volume 16, day 26, month 4, year 7 of Hyojong's reign.
  10. ^ Veritable Records of Hyojong, volume 16, day 9, month 5, year 7 of Hyojong's reign.
  11. ^ 前錦林君愷胤,罔念事體,無嚴朝廷,牽私率意,擅自請還。 (Veritable Records of Hyojong, volume 16, day 10, month 5, year 7 of Hyojong's reign)

Works citedEdit

  • 효종대왕실록 (孝宗大王實錄) [Veritable Records of Hyojong] (in Korean/Classical Chinese). 1661.
  • 顯宗實錄 [Veritable Records of Hyeonjong] (in Classical Chinese). 1677.
  • 清实录顺治朝实录 [Veritable Records of the Qing: Veritable Records of Shunzhi] (in Chinese). 1741.