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The lordship, later principality of Piedmont (French: Piémont, Italian: Piemonte) was originally an appanage of the Savoyard county and as such its lords were members of the Achaea branch of the House of Savoy. The title was inherited by the elder branch of the dynasty in 1418, at about which time Savoy was elevated to ducal status and Piedmont to princely status. When the House of Savoy was given the Kingdom of Sardinia, the Savoyards used the style of Prince of Piedmont for their heir apparent. This first came into use by Prince Victor Amadeus of Savoy.

The usage was retained when the House of Savoy became Kings of Italy, "Prince of Piedmont" becoming roughly equivalent to the British "Prince of Wales", the title bestowed to the Crown Prince.

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Lords of PiedmontEdit

Princes of PiedmontEdit

Note: The names in bold denotes those that succeeded to the throne.
Picture Name Heir of Birth Became heir to the throne Created Prince of Piedmont Ceased to be Prince of Piedmont Death
  Philip Emmanuel Charles Emmanuel I 3 April 1586 9 February 1605
  Victor Amadeus 8 May 1587 9 February 1605
brothers death
26 July 1630
became Duke
7 October 1637
  Francis Hyacinth Victor Amadeus I 14 September 1632 7 October 1637
became Duke
4 October 1638
  Victor Amadeus Victor Amadeus II 6 May 1699 22 March 1715
  Charles Emmanuel 27 April 1701 22 March 1715
brother's death
3 September 1730
became King
20 February 1773
  Victor Amadeus
styled as Duke of Savoy
Charles Emmanuel III 26 June 1726 3 September 1730
father became King
20 February 1773
became King
16 October 1796
  Charles Emmanuel Victor Amadeus III 24 May 1751 20 February 1773
father became King
16 October 1796
became King
6 October 1819
  Victor Emmanuel Charles Albert 14 March 1820 27 April 1831
father became King
23 March 1849
became King
9 January 1878

Princes of Piedmont and NaplesEdit

When the House of Savoy became the ruling dynasty of Italy in 1861, they continued to use the title of Prince of Piedmont for the heir apparent but also began alternating it with a new title, the Prince of Naples, once conferred by Joseph Bonaparte as being hereditary on his children and grandchildren.

Picture Name Heir of Birth Became heir to the throne Created Prince of Piedmont Ceased to be Prince of Piedmont Death
Prince of Piedmont
  Umberto Victor Emmanuel II 14 March 1844 23 March 1849
father became King
9 January 1878
became King
29 July 1900
Prince of Naples
  Victor Emmanuel Umberto I 11 November 1869 9 January 1878
father became King
29 July 1900
became King
28 December 1947
Prince of Piedmont
  Umberto Victor Emmanuel III 15 September 1904 29 September 1904 9 May 1946
became King
18 March 1983
Prince of Naples
  Victor Emmanuel Umberto II 12 February 1937 9 May 1946
father became King
12 June 1946
Monarchy abolished

InsigniaEdit

See alsoEdit