Prince Max, Duke in Bavaria

Max-Emanuel Ludwig Maria Herzog in Bayern (sometimes styled Prince Max of Bavaria, Duke in Bavaria; born 21 January 1937) as the younger son of Albrecht, Duke of Bavaria, is the heir presumptive to both the headship of the former Bavarian royal house and the Jacobite succession. He was born a Prince of Bavaria, as a member of the royal line of the House of Wittelsbach, but has been using the title "Herzog in Bayern" or Duke in Bavaria, since he was adopted as an adult by his grand-uncle, Duke Ludwig Wilhelm in Bavaria, the last bearer of that title of a junior branch of the House of Wittelsbach, from whom he inherited considerable estates at Tegernsee Abbey (including a brewery), Banz Abbey and Kreuth.

Prince Max
Duke in Bavaria
Born (1937-01-21) 21 January 1937 (age 84)
Munich, Germany
Countess Elisabeth Douglas
(m. 1967)
Max-Emanuel Ludwig Maria
FatherAlbrecht, Duke of Bavaria
MotherCountess Maria Draskovich von Trakostjan
ReligionRoman Catholic


Max married the Swedish Countess Elisabeth Douglas (born 31 December 1940 in Stockholm), daughter of Count Carl Ludvig Douglas (Swedish Ambassador to Brazil[1]) and Ottora Maria Haas-Heye, in a civil ceremony in Kreuth on 10 January 1967 and in a religious ceremony in Munich on 24 January 1967.[2] His wife is also a granddaughter of general Archibald Douglas and a great-granddaughter of Philip, Prince zu Eulenburg und Hertefeld.

They have five daughters:

  • Duchess Sophie Elizabeth Marie Gabrielle in Bavaria (born 28 October 1967 in Munich), married on 3 July 1993 in Vaduz, Hereditary Prince Alois of Liechtenstein (born 11 June 1968 in Zürich), son of Hans-Adam II, Prince of Liechtenstein, and Countess Marie Aglaë Kinsky of Wchinitz and Tettau. They have four children:
    • Prince Joseph Wenzel Maximilian Maria of Liechtenstein, Count Rietberg (born 24 May 1995 in London)
    • Princess Marie-Caroline Elisabeth Immaculata of Liechtenstein, Countess Rietberg (born 17 October 1996 in Grabs)
    • Prince Georg Antonius Constantin Maria of Liechtenstein, Count Rietberg (born 20 April 1999 in Grabs)
    • Prince Nikolaus Sebastian Alexander Maria of Liechtenstein, Count Rietberg (born 6 December 2000 in Grabs)
  • Duchess Marie-Caroline Hedwig Eleonore in Bavaria (born 23 June 1969 in Munich), married on 27 July 1991 in Tegernsee, Duke Philipp of Württemberg (born 1 November 1964 in Friedrichshafen), son of Carl, Duke of Württemberg, and Princess Diane of Orléans. They have four children:
    • Duchess Sophie Anastasia Assunta Marie Pauline of Württemberg (born 15 January 1994 in Munich), married on 15 September 2018 in Altshausen, Count Maximilien d'Andigné (born 19 March 1989), son of Count Hervé d'Andigné and Marie-Adélaïde de la Barre de Nanteuil
    • Duchess Pauline Philippa Adelheid Helena Marie of Württemberg (born 15 April 1997 in London)
    • Duke Carl-Theodor Philipp Maria Max Emanuel of Württemberg (born 15 June 1999 in London)
    • Duchess Anna Maximiliana Elizabeth Mariella Marie of Württemberg (born 1 February 2007 in London)
  • Duchess Helena Eugenie Maria Donatha Mechthild in Bavaria (born 6 May 1972 in Munich)
  • Duchess Elisabeth Marie Christine Franziska in Bavaria (born 4 October 1973 in Munich), married on 25 September 2004 in Munich, Daniel Terberger (born 11 June 1967 in Bielefeld). They have two children:
    • Maximilian Ludwig Terberger (born 30 August 2005 in Bielefeld)
    • Ottora Elisabeth Victoria Lucia Terberger (born 13 December 2007)
  • Duchess Maria Anna Henriette Gabrielle Julie in Bavaria (born 7 May 1975 in Munich), firstly married on 8 September 2007 in Munich, Klaus Runow (born 3 July 1964 in Duisburg), an investment banker.[3] Their divorce was announced in early 2015. Maria-Anna secondly married on 16 October 2015, Baron Andreas von Maltzahn (born 1964), son of Baron Mortimer von Maltzahn and Stephanie von Zedlitz und Leipe. She has two sons from her first marriage:
    • Heinrich Maria Leopold Maximilian Runow (born 3 May 2010 in Munich)
    • Johannes Emanuel Philipp Maria Runow (born 24 March 2012)

Max and Elisabeth live in Schloss Wildenwart and Tegernsee Abbey.[citation needed]





  1. ^ Lovell, Mary S. (2011). The Churchills: A Family at the Heart of History - from the Duke of Marlborough to Winston Churchill. Hachette UK. ISBN 9780748117116. Retrieved 15 March 2021.
  2. ^ Genealogy
  3. ^ "Royal weddings in history". Vogue. Archived from the original on 2014-05-01.
  4. ^ King Carl Gustaf's Birthday
Prince Max, Duke in Bavaria
Born: 21 January 1937
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Ludwig Wilhelm
Duke in Bavaria Succeeded by
Lines of succession
First Line of succession to the Bavarian throne Succeeded by
Prince Luitpold of Bavaria
Jacobite succession Succeeded by
The Hereditary Princess of Liechtenstein