Praktiker is an international chain offering home improvement and do-it-yourself goods operating in Poland, Hungary, Romania, Ukraine, Greece and Bulgaria. It was based in Hamburg and opened its first store in 1978. Initially owned by ASKO, the chain became a division of Metro AG after the merger of ASKO with Metro Cash & Carry in 1995. It was spun off as a fully independent corporation - Praktiker AG - on 21 June 2007, listing on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange and becoming an MDAX constituent. Later it was listed on the SDAX. Praktiker AG filed for insolvency on 11 July 2013 for eight subsidiaries including Extra Bau+Hobby, on 12 July 2013 for the umbrella brand Praktiker AG and on 25 July 2013 for the Max Bahr subsidiary. The foreign subsidiaries except the Turkish subsidiary Praktiker Yapi Marketleri A.Ş. (filed for bankruptcy in February 2013) are not affected by this. In 2013 and 2014 most of the Eastern Europe subsidiaries were sold to several companies, most of these companies retained the Praktiker brand for their chains, so the Praktiker brand is still alive and a comeback also in Germany is not excluded.
|Traded as||FWB: PRA|
|Defunct||2017 (in Poland)|
|Udo Gröner (Insolvency administrator Praktiker AG)|
Jens-Sören Schröder (Insolvency administrator Max Bahr)
Christopher Seagon (Insolvency administrator Praktiker and Extra stores)
|Products||Home improvement and garden centre retail|
|Revenue||€3.448 billion (2010)|
|€35.3 million (2010)|
|(€554 million) (2011)|
|Total assets||€2.031 billion (end 2010)|
|Total equity||€839.9 million (end 2010)|
Number of employees
|19,523 (FTE, average 2011)|
In 1979 Praktiker opened its first four stores in Germany. Over the years Praktiker took over many smaller companies and changed most of their stores into Praktiker stores:
- 1979: 9 "BayWa" stores
- 1985: 12 "Wickes" stores
- 1991: "Esbella", "Continent"
- 1993: "BLV", "MHB", "Massa", "Huma", "Extra", "Real-Kauf"
- 1996: 27 "Bauspar" stores
- 1997: 60 "Wirichs" stores
- 1998: 25 "Extra" franchise stores
- 2000: 27 "Top-Bau" stores
- 2006: 76 "Max Bahr" stores
The Praktiker management began in late 2012 with the transformation of 119 Praktiker stores to Max Bahr stores. At the end of this process in December 2013 Germany should have 117 Praktiker and 196 Max Bahr outlets, at the beginning of that process there were 236 Praktiker and 78 Max Bahr stores. Because of the insolvency applications in July 2013 all those plans are stopped, with 54 former Praktiker stores already transferred to Max Bahr outlets. The companies Hellweg and Globus failed to reach an agreement with the Royal Bank of Scotland to buy 59 Max Bahr stores in November 2013. All Praktiker, Extra Bau+Hobby and Max Bahr stores were closed by the end of November 2013 (Praktiker, Extra, 40 Max Bahr stores) or at the end of February 2014 (remaining Max Bahr stores).
Former subsidiaries of Praktiker AGEdit
In Ukraine, the first store was opened on November 29, 2007 in Donetsk, three more opened in Lwiw, Mykolaiv and Kiev. The stores were sold on February 11, 2014 to Ukrainian investor Kreston Guarantee Group.
In February 2014, the Romanian subsidiary, Praktiker Romania S.R.L. (with 27 stores), was sold to Search Chemicals. In 2017, all Romanian stores were bought by Kingfisher plc, and may be rebranded as Brico Dépôt.
The Bulgarian subsidiary, Praktiker EOOD, was sold to Videolux Holding AD. Videolux Holding detains a chain of electric and electronic supermarkets in Bulgaria, named Technopolis, and entered also in the DIY market buying the Praktiker stores chain. Videolux Holding opened two new stores and reconstructed all Praktiker stores in the end of 2017.
The 24 Polish Praktiker stores were sold to Papag AG in March 2014.
The 19 Hungarian Praktiker stores were sold to Papag AG in January 2015. and again to Wallis Group in January 2016  In Hungary Praktiker operates now 20 stores in Budapest, Békéscsaba, Debrecen, Esztergom, Győr, Kaposvár, Kecskemét, Miskolc, Nyíregyháza, Pécs, Szeged, Székesfehérvár, Szolnok, Szombathely, Vecsés and Zalaegerszeg.
Praktiker Greece was sold on April 8, 2014 to Canadian investor "Fairfax Financial Holding Ltd.".
In Albania, the first store was opened on October 30, 2009 in Tirana. It was closed on November 30, 2011 due to the restructuring.
In Moldova, the first store should have opened in 2009 in Chişinău, but nothing happened.
- Praktiker Group Annual Report 2010 (PDF). Praktiker. Retrieved 10 April 2011.
- "Praktiker rutscht tiefer in die roten Zahlen – Aktie bricht ein". Focus Money Online. 2012-03-28. Retrieved 2012-03-28.
- Praktiker Group Annual Report 2012 (PDF). Praktiker. p. 2. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
- Kreston Guarantee Group übernimmt Praktiker Ukraine TOV, Kiev. (German)
- "Weitere Auslandsfilialen der Praktiker-Baumärkte verkauft". finanzen.net. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
- Kingfisher buys Praktiker in Romania (in Romanian)
- "Neun Praktiker-Märkte in Bulgarien verkauft". DIE WELT. 28 February 2014. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
- Insolvenzverwalter verkauft Praktiker-Gesellschaft in Polen (German)
- ORIGO. "Eladták a Praktikert". origo.hu/. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
- "Wallis Group buys Hungarian Praktiker stores".
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-04-09. Retrieved 2014-04-09. Praktiker: Fairfax Financial Holding erwirbt Praktiker-Gesellschaft in Griechenland (German)]