Poule d'Essai des Pouliches

The Poule d'Essai des Pouliches is a Group 1 flat horse race in France open to three-year-old thoroughbred fillies. It is run over a distance of 1,600 metres (about 1 mile) at Longchamp in May. It is France's equivalent of the 1000 Guineas run in Britain.

Poule d'Essai des Pouliches
(French 1000 Guineas)
Group 1 race
LocationLongchamp Racecourse
Paris, France
Inaugurated1883
Race typeFlat / Thoroughbred
Websitefrance-galop.com
Race information
Distance1,600 metres (1 mile)[1]
SurfaceTurf
TrackRight-handed
QualificationThree-year-old fillies[1]
Weight57 kg[1]
Purse€500,000 (2022)
1st: €285,700
[1]
Poule d'Essai des Pouliches
2022
White, black chevrons, sleeves and cap Light blue, dark blue armlets, dark blue cap Black and gold stripes, black sleeves, black cap, gold diamond
Mangoustine Cachet Times Square
Previous years
2021
Yellow, light blue epaulets, light blue cap Purple, white seams, striped sleeves, purple cap Black, orange sleeves, black chevrons, orange cap
Coeursamba Mother Earth Kennella
2020-2011
2020
Grey, maroon chevron, maroon sleeves, grey cap Light Blue and Red stripes, Red sleeves, Red cap, Light Blue star Dark green, yellow epaulettes, yellow sleeves, yellow cap
Dream And Do Speak Of The Devil Mageva
2019
Blue, blue sleeves, blue cap White, white sleeves, purple cap Pink, red sleeves, pink armlets
Castle Lady Commes East
2018
royal Blue, white stars, royal blue sleeves, white stars, royal blue cap, white star Green, yellow star, green sleeves, yellow armlets, green cap, yellow stars Purple, white seams, white sleeves, purple striped, purple cap
Teppal Coeur De Beaute Wind Chimes
2017
Pink, chocolate epaulets, quartered cap Yellow, purple star, yellow cap Beige, beige sleeves, white cap
Precieuse Sea Of Grace Heuristique
2016
White, violet cap Red, white stripe, striped sleeves Silver, gold braid, maroon cap, gold tassel
La Cressonniere Nathra Qemah
2015
GREEN, red epaulettes, green cap Grey, dark green spots on sleeves, grey cap, dark green star Green, pink epaulets, white sleeves, pink cap
Ervedya Irish Rookie Mexican Gold
2014
Light blue, dark blue spots on body, dark blue cap GREEN, red epaulettes, green cap Yellow, light blue hoop, armlets and cap
Avenir Certain Veda Xcellence
2013
Royal Blue, White stars, White star on cap Dark blue, yellow cap Royal blue
Flotilla Esoterique Tasaday
2012
Royal Blue, Light Blue cap Purple, white seams, striped sleeves, purple cap WHITE and CHOCOLATE HOOPS, white cap
Beauty Parlour Up Topeka
2011
Red, emerald green chevron, emerald green cap White and dark green hoops, white sleeves, dark green armlets, hooped cap Dark blue
Golden Lilac Glorious Sight Wild Wind
2010–2001
2010
Green, pink epaulets, white sleeves, pink cap Blue, white braces, sleeves and cap Royal blue, white epaulets, striped cap
Special Duty Baine Joanna
2009
Orange, large royal blue spots, spots on sleeves and cap Green, pink sleeves, blue cap White, emerald green hoop
Elusive Wave Tamazirte Fantasia
2008
GREEN, red epaulettes, green cap Royal blue, white seams, sleeves and cap Royal blue, orange disc, striped sleeves and cap
Zarkava Goldikova Halfway To Heaven
2007
GREEN, red epaulettes, green cap Dark Blue and Emerald Green hoops, quartered cap Dark Blue, White cap
Darjina Finsceal Beo Rahiyah
2006
Royal blue and red stripes, chevrons on sleeves Royal blue, white seams, sleeves and cap Green, pink epaulets, white sleeves, pink cap
Tie Black Impressionnante Price Tag
2005
Dark blue, light blue cross belts, striped sleeves, white cap Royal blue and red stripes, chevrons on sleeves, quartered cap Slate grey, royal blue cap, gold tassel
Divine Proportions Toupie Ysoldina
2004
Yellow, purple sleeves and cap Red, emerald green chevron, emerald green cap DARK BLUE, yellow panel, check cap
Torrestrella Grey Lilas Miss Mambo
2003
Royal blue, white chevron, light blue cap Maroon, white sleeves, maroon cap, white star Green, pink epaulets, white sleeves, pink cap
Musical Chimes Maiden Tower Etoile Montante
2002
Green, pink sash and cap, white sleeves Maroon, white sleeves, maroon cap, white star Royal blue, orange disc, striped sleeves and cap
Zenda Firth Of Lorne Sophisticat
2001
Dark blue Green, pink epaulets, white sleeves, pink cap Beige, red cap
Rose Gypsy Banks Hill Lethals Lady
2000–1991
2000
Royal blue, yellow chevron and armlets, black cap Blue, red inverted triangle, star on cap Royal blue, white epaulets, striped cap
Bluemamba Peony Alshakr
1999
Green, white stripes on body Dark red, black sleeves and cap Royal blue
Valentine Waltz Karmifira Calando
1998
GREEN, red epaulettes, green cap WHITE and CHOCOLATE HOOPS, white cap Royal blue
Zalaiyka Cortona La Nuit Rose
1997
Royal blue, white chevron, light blue cap White, Emerald green Hoop, White Sleeves, White Cap Red, white sash, royal blue cap
Always Loyal Seebe Red Camellia
1996
Royal blue, white epaulets, striped cap Blue, orange hoop and cap White, red seams, stars on sleeves, check cap
Ta Rib Shake The Yoke Sagar Pride
1995
Red Red, green diamond, green sleeves and diamonds on cap White, Blue epaulettes, and star on cap
Matiara Carling Shaanxi
1994
Dark blue, light blue cross belts, striped sleeves, white cap Royal Blue, Light Blue cap Grey, red armlets, black cap
East Of The Moon Agathe Belle Argentine
1993
White, red epaulets, blue sleeves, white stars, red cuffs, red and blue quartered cap Black and yellow stripes, red sleeves Royal blue, white seams, sleeves and cap
Madeleine's Dream Ski Paradise Gold Splash
1992
Royal blue, yellow stripe, yellow sleeves, royal blue armlets and star on yellow cap Dark blue, light blue cross belts, striped sleeves, white cap Dark green, pink epaulets and cap
Culture Vulture Hydro Calido Guislaine
1991
Royal Blue, Light Blue cap Maroon, white sleeves, maroon cap, white star White and dark green hoops, white sleeves, dark green armlets, hooped cap
Danseuse Du Soir Sha Tha Caerlina
1990-1982
1990
Green, pink epaulets, white sleeves, pink cap White and dark green hoops, white sleeves, dark green armlets, hooped cap Royal blue, white epaulets, striped cap
Houseproud Pont-Aven Gharam
1989
Green, red armlets and cap Cherry, light blue sleeves, hooped cap Maroon, white sleeves, maroon cap, white star
Pearl Bracelet Pass The Peace Golden Opinion
1988
Red Beige and Brown check, quartered cap White, orange hoop, black sleeves, orange armlets, black cap
Ravinella Duckling Park Sacre Look
1987
Dark blue, light blue cross belts, striped sleeves, white cap Pink, white hoop White and dark green hoops, white sleeves, dark green armlets, hooped cap
Miesque Sakura Reiko Libertine
1986
Emerald green, royal blue sleeves, white cap, emerald green spots Emerald Green and Royal Blue (halved horizontally), Blue sleeves, quartered cap Pale Blue, White and Yellow check cap
Baiser Vole Secret Form River Dancer
1985
Beige, black sleeves and cap Royal blue and white diamonds, red sleeves and cap Beige, Black striped sleeves, Black cap
Silvermine Top Socialite New Bruce
1984
GREEN, red epaulettes, green cap White, dark blue cap Pink and dark green check, pink sleeves, dark green cap
Masarika Boreale Speedy Girl
1983
Orange, green cross-belts Green, red armlets and cap White, dark blue cap
L'Attrayante Mysterieuse Etoile Maximova
1982
Emerald green, royal blue sleeves, white cap, emerald green spots Pink, red hoop, armlets and cap Light green and dark green check, light green sleeves, white cap
River Lady Typhoon Polly Vidor
 

HistoryEdit

OriginsEdit

The Poule d'Essai, an event for three-year-old colts and fillies, was established in France in 1840. It was inspired by two races in England, the 2000 Guineas (for colts and fillies) and the 1,000 Guineas (for fillies only).

The race was initially staged at the Champ de Mars. Its first running was over one full circuit of the track (about 2,000 metres). It was cut to a three-quarter lap (1,500 metres) in 1841. It was cancelled due to insufficient entries in 1843 and 1844.

The Poule d'Essai was transferred to Longchamp in 1857. It was extended to 1,600 metres in 1867.[2] It was abandoned because of the Franco-Prussian War in 1871. It continued to be run until 1882.[3]

Modern versionEdit

The modern Poule d'Essai des Pouliches was created in 1883, when the Poule d'Essai was divided into two separate races.[4] The "Pouliches" was restricted to fillies, and the Poule d'Essai des Poulains was reserved for colts.

The events were cancelled throughout World War I, with no runnings from 1915 to 1918. There were two 1,800-metre replacement races at Chantilly in 1917.[5] The version for fillies was called the Critérium d'Essai des Pouliches.[6]

The "Pouliches" and "Poulains" were not run in the spring of 1940, but a substitute combining both races took place at Auteuil in October. Titled the Prix d'Essai, it was won by the colt Djebel.[7]

The Poule d'Essai des Pouliches was held at Le Tremblay in 1943,[8] and Maisons-Laffitte in 1944 and 1945.[9]

The present race grading system was introduced in 1971, and the event was given Group 1 status. It was switched from Longchamp's middle course (moyenne piste) to the main course (grande piste) in 1987.

The leading horses from the Poule d'Essai des Pouliches sometimes go on to compete in the Prix de Diane. Twenty-six fillies have won both races. The most recent was Avenir Certain in 2014.

RecordsEdit

Leading jockey (8 wins):

  • Freddy HeadIvanjica (1975), Riverqueen (1976), Dancing Maid (1978), Three Troikas (1979), Silvermine (1985), Miesque (1987), Matiara (1995), Always Loyal (1997)

Leading trainer (7 wins):

  • Charles SemblatEsmeralda (1942), Caravelle (1943), Palencia (1944), Corteira (1948), Coronation / Galgala (1949), Corejada (1950), Djelfa (1951)
  • Criquette Head-MaarekThree Troikas (1979), Silvermine (1985), Baiser Vole (1986), Ravinella (1988), Matiara (1995), Always Loyal (1997), Special Duty (2010)

Leading owner (8 wins):

  • Marcel BoussacEsmeralda (1942), Caravelle (1943), Palencia (1944), Corteira (1948), Coronation / Galgala (1949), Corejada (1950), Djelfa (1951), Apollonia (1956)

Winners since 1970Edit

Year Winner Jockey Trainer Owner Time
1970 Pampered Miss Maurice Philipperon John Cunnington Jr. Nelson Bunker Hunt 1:40.60
1971 Bold Fascinator Bill Williamson John Fellows Wendell Rosso 1:39.70
1972 Mata Hari Jean Cruguet Angel Penna Countess Batthyany 1:44.70
1973 Allez France Yves Saint-Martin Albert Klimscha Daniel Wildenstein 1:44.60
1974 Dumka Alain Lequeux Jacques de Chevigny C. Bauer 1:47.50
1975 Ivanjica Freddy Head Alec Head Jacques Wertheimer 1:38.40
1976 Riverqueen Freddy Head Christian Datessen Ghislaine Head 1:38.60
1977 Madelia Yves Saint-Martin Angel Penna Daniel Wildenstein 1:39.90
1978 Dancing Maid Freddy Head Alec Head Jacques Wertheimer 1:45.30
1979 Three Troikas Freddy Head Criquette Head Ghislaine Head 1:46.00
1980 Aryenne Maurice Philipperon John Fellows D. G. Volkert 1:43.60
1981 Ukraine Girl Pat Eddery Robert Collet Meg Mullion 1:41.00
1982 River Lady Lester Piggott François Boutin Robert Sangster 1:39.60
1983 L'Attrayante Alain Badel Olivier Douieb Mrs Charles Thériot 1:42.50
1984 Masarika Yves Saint-Martin Alain de Royer-Dupré Aga Khan IV 1:39.30
1985 Silvermine Freddy Head Criquette Head Ghislaine Head 1:40.70
1986 Baiser Vole Guy Guignard Criquette Head Robert Sangster 1:39.90
1987 Miesque Freddy Head François Boutin Stavros Niarchos 1:38.10
1988 Ravinella Gary W. Moore Criquette Head Ecurie Åland 1:38.30
1989 Pearl Bracelet Alfred Gibert Roger Wojtowiez Ecurie Fustok 1:37.10
1990 Houseproud Pat Eddery André Fabre Khalid Abdullah 1:38.50
1991 Danseuse du Soir Dominique Boeuf Élie Lellouche Daniel Wildenstein 1:38.60
1992 Culture Vulture Richard Quinn Paul Cole Chris Wright 1:37.00
1993 Madeleine's Dream Cash Asmussen François Boutin Allen Paulson 1:36.40
1994 East of the Moon Cash Asmussen François Boutin Stavros Niarchos 1:37.10
1995 Matiara Freddy Head Criquette Head Ecurie Åland 1:42.40
1996 Ta Rib Willie Carson Ed Dunlop Hamdan Al Maktoum 1:38.70
1997 Always Loyal Freddy Head Criquette Head Maktoum Al Maktoum 1:40.20
1998 Zalaiyka Gérald Mossé Alain de Royer-Dupré Aga Khan IV 1:35.70
1999 Valentine Waltz Ray Cochrane John Gosden Kirby Maher Syndicate 1:36.00
2000 Bluemamba Thierry Jarnet Pascal Bary Ecurie Skymarc Farm 1:40.20
2001 Rose Gypsy Michael Kinane Aidan O'Brien Magnier / Tabor 1:36.70
2002 Zenda Richard Hughes John Gosden Khalid Abdullah 1:37.00
2003 Musical Chimes Christophe Soumillon André Fabre Maktoum Al Maktoum 1:36.00
2004 Torrestrella Olivier Peslier François Rohaut Bernard Bargues 1:35.70
2005 Divine Proportions Christophe Lemaire Pascal Bary Niarchos Family 1:38.50
2006 Tie Black [a] Jean-Bernard Eyquem François Rohaut Javier Gispert 1:36.60
2007 Darjina Christophe Soumillon Alain de Royer-Dupré Zahra Aga Khan 1:37.20
2008 Zarkava Christophe Soumillon Alain de Royer-Dupré Aga Khan IV 1:35.20
2009 Elusive Wave Christophe Lemaire Jean-Claude Rouget Martin Schwartz 1:36.87
2010 Special Duty [b] Stéphane Pasquier Criquette Head-Maarek Khalid Abdullah 1:37.40
2011 Golden Lilac Olivier Peslier André Fabre Gestüt Ammerland 1:39.31
2012 Beauty Parlour Christophe Soumillon Élie Lellouche Ecurie Wildenstein 1:37.15
2013 Flotilla Christophe Lemaire Mikel Delzangles Mohammed bin Khalifa Al Thani 1:34.77
2014 Avenir Certain Grégory Benoist Jean-Claude Rouget Caro / Augustin-Normand 1:39.95
2015 Ervedya Christophe Soumillon Jean-Claude Rouget Aga Khan IV 1:36.48
2016 La Cressonniere[a] Cristian Demuro Jean-Claude Rouget Caro / Augustin-Normand 1:36.00
2017 Precieuse[a] Olivier Peslier Fabrice Chappet Anne-Marie Hayes 1:37.69
2018 Teppal Olivier Peslier David Simcock Mohammed Bin Khalifa Al Thani 1:37.97
2019 Castle Lady Mickael Barzalona Henri-Alex Pantall Godolphin 1:40.91
2020 Dream And Do[d] Maxime Guyon Frederic Rossi Haras du Logis Saint Germain 1:35.68
2021 Coeursamba Cristian Demuro Jean-Claude Rouget Abdullah bin Fahad Al Attiyah 1:39.28
2022 Mangoustine Gérald Mossé Mikel Delzangles Infinity Nine Horses, Ecurie Des Monceaux et al. 1:35.72

a Price Tag finished first in 2006, but she was relegated to third place following a stewards' inquiry.
b Liliside was first in 2010, but she was placed sixth after a stewards' inquiry.
c The 2016 and 2017 races took place at Deauville while Longchamp was closed for redevelopment.
d The 2020 running took place at Deauville on 1 June as Longchamp was closed owing to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Earlier winnersEdit

  • 1883: Stockholm
  • 1884: Yvrande
  • 1885: Barberine
  • 1886: Sakountala
  • 1887: Tenebreuse
  • 1888: Widgeon
  • 1889: May Pole
  • 1890: Wandora
  • 1891: Primrose
  • 1892: Kairouan
  • 1893: Tilly
  • 1894: Calceolaire
  • 1895: Andree
  • 1896: Riposte
  • 1897: Roxelane
  • 1898: Polymnie
  • 1899: Sesara
  • 1900: Semendria
  • 1901: La Camargo
  • 1902: Kizil Kourgan
  • 1903: Rose de Mai
  • 1904: Xylene
  • 1905: Princesse Lointaine
  • 1906: Sais
  • 1907: Madree
  • 1908: Sauge Pourpree
  • 1909: Ronde de Nuit
  • 1910: Vellica
  • 1911: Bolide
  • 1912: Porte Maillot
  • 1913: Banshee
  • 1914: Diavolezza
  • 1915–18: no race
  • 1919: Galejade
  • 1920: Flowershop
  • 1921: Nephthys
  • 1922: Frisky
  • 1923: Anna Bolena
  • 1924: Rebia
  • 1925: La Dame de Trefle
  • 1926: Mackwiller
  • 1927: Fairy Legend
  • 1928: Roahouga
  • 1929: Poesie
  • 1930: Rose The
  • 1931: Pearl Cap
  • 1932: Ligne de Fond
  • 1933: Bipearl
  • 1934: Mary Tudor
  • 1935: The Nile
  • 1936: Blue Bear
  • 1937: Colette Baudoche
  • 1938: Feerie
  • 1939: Yonne
  • 1940: no race
  • 1941: Longthanh
  • 1942: Esmeralda
  • 1943: Caravelle
  • 1944: Palencia
  • 1945: Nikellora
  • 1946: Real
  • 1947: Imprudence
  • 1948: Corteira
  • 1949: Coronation / Galgala *
  • 1950: Corejada
  • 1951: Djelfa
  • 1952: Pomare
  • 1953: Hurnli
  • 1954: Virgule
  • 1955: Dictaway
  • 1956: Apollonia
  • 1957: Toro
  • 1958: Yla
  • 1959: Ginetta
  • 1960: Timandra
  • 1961: Solitude
  • 1962: La Sega
  • 1963: Altissima
  • 1964: Rajput Princess
  • 1965: La Sarre
  • 1966: Right Away
  • 1967: Gazala
  • 1968: Pola Bella
  • 1969: Koblenza

* The 1949 race was a dead-heat and has joint winners.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Poule d'Essai des Pouliches". The French Black Type.
  2. ^ "1868 Poule d'Essai". Ruff's Guide to the Turf for 1869. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
  3. ^ "1882 Poule d'Essai". Le Figaro (in French). 24 April 1882. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
  4. ^ "1883 Poule d'Essai des Pouliches". Le Figaro (in French). 23 April 1883. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
  5. ^ "Courses à Chantilly". Le Gaulois (in French). 22 May 1917. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
  6. ^ "1917 Critérium d'Essai des Pouliches". Le Gaulois. 22 May 1917. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
  7. ^ "Djebel enlève le Prix d'Essai". Le Matin (in French). 28 October 1940. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
  8. ^ "Résultats de samedi, au Tremblay". Le Matin. 17 May 1943. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
  9. ^ "La journée des Poules d'Essai à Maisons-Laffitte". Le Matin (in French). 13 May 1944. Retrieved 28 April 2013.