Poule d'Essai des Poulains

The Poule d'Essai des Poulains is a Group 1 flat horse race in France open to three-year-old thoroughbred colts. It is run over a distance of 1,600 metres (about 1 mile) at Longchamp in May. It is France's equivalent of the 2000 Guineas run in Britain.

Poule d'Essai des Poulains
(French 2000 Guineas)
Group 1 race
LocationLongchamp Racecourse
Paris, France
Inaugurated1883
Race typeFlat / Thoroughbred
Websitefrance-galop.com
Race information
Distance1,600 metres (1 mile)[1]
SurfaceTurf
TrackRight-handed
QualificationThree-year-old colts[1]
Weight58 kg[1]
Purse€600,000 (2022)
1st: €342,840
[1]
Poule d'Essai des Poulains
2022
Royal blue Orange, dark blue epaulets Royal blue, white cap
Modern Games Texas Tribalist
Previous years
2021
Purple, white seams, striped sleeves, purple cap Light blue, yellow diamond, armlets and cap White, violet cap
St Mark's Basilica Colosseo Breizh Eagle
2020-2011
2020
Royal blue Yellow, royal blue stars, yellow sleeves Maroon, dark blue sleeves, black cap
Victor Ludorum The Summit Alson
2019
Blue, blue sleeves, blue cap Blue, white seams, white sleeves, white cap Yellow, black large spots, yellow sleeves, yellow cap, black spots
Persian King Shaman San Donato
2018
Light blue, dark blue spots, light blue sleeves, light blue cap Dark blue, orange star, dark blue sleeves, dark blue cap, orange star Maroon, dark blue striped, maroon sleeves, dark blue striped, maroon cap
Olmedo Hey Gaman Dice Roll
2017
grey, gold braid, maroon cap Red, white epaulettes, red sleeves, red cap, white spots Cerise, white hoop on body and sleeves, white cap, cerise hoop
Brametot Le Brivido Rivet
2016
Purple, white seams, striped sleeves, purple cap Yellow, dark blue sleeves, yellow stars, yellow cap, dark blue star Purple, red star and sleeves, red cap, purple star
The Gurkha First Selection Dicton
2015
Maroon, Grey epaulets Green, pink epaulets, white sleeves, pink cap Mauve, orange cap
Make Believe New Bay Mr Owen
2014
Dark blue, light blue cross belts, striped sleeves, white cap Yellow, dark green cap Purple, white diamond, sleeves and cap
Karakontie Prestige Vendome Pornichet
2013
Yellow, dark green cap Gree, red stars, star on cap Royal blue, white seams, sleeves and cap
Style Vendome Dastarhon Intello
2012
Emerald green, yellow star, armlets and stars on cap Grey, maroon stars, grey cap, maroon star Purple, white seams, striped sleeves, purple cap
Lucayan Veneto Furner's Green
2011
Red, white sash, pale green cap White, purple cap Light blue, dark blue diamond and sleeves, red cap
Tin Horse Havane Smoker Venomous
2010-2001
2010
Red, emerald green chevron, emerald green cap Red, black spots, black sleeves, red cap Red, purple sleeves
Lope De Vega Dick Turpin Shamalgan
2009
Yellow, purple hoops and armlets, hooped cap White, purple cap Royal blue, orange disc, striped sleeves and cap
Silver Frost Le Havre Westphalia
2008
Royal blue, white seams, sleeves and cap Royal blue Red, Dark Blue Cross of Lorraine
Falco Rio de La Plata River Proud
2007
Purple, White seams, Striped sleeves, white cap White, purple stripe, check cap Purple, White seams, Striped sleeves, Purple cap
Astronomer Royal Creachadoir Honoured Guest
2006
Dark blue Royal blue, orange disc, striped sleeves and cap Dark blue, red striped sleeves, striped cap
Aussie Rules Marcus Andronicus Stormy River
2005
Royal blue LIGHT GREEN, royal blue cross sashes and sleeves, light green cap, royal blue spots Royal blue, white epaulets, striped cap
Shamardal Indesatchel Gharir
2004
Green, pink epaulets, white sleeves, pink cap Grey, pink cap Royal blue
American Post Diamond Green Byron
2003
Grey, pink cap Pink Dark blue, grey stars, star on cap
Clodovil Catcher In The Rye Krataios
2002
Royal blue, orange disc, striped sleeves and cap Royal blue, white seams, sleeves and cap Maroon, white sleeves, maroon cap, white star
Landseer Medecis Bowman
2001
Grey, pink cap Green, pink sash and cap, white sleeves Dark blue, light blue cross belts, striped sleeves, white cap
Vahorimix Clearing Denon
2000-1991
2000
Royal blue Royal blue, yellow cap Black and white halved, sleeves reversed, red cap
Bachir Berine's Son Valentino
1999
GREEN, red epaulettes, green cap Green, pink epaulets, white sleeves, pink cap Royal Blue, Light Blue cap
Sendawar Dansili Kingsalsa
1998
Dark blue Royal blue, white epaulets, striped cap Black, white chevron hoop and cap
Victory Note Muhtathir Desert Prince
1997
GREEN, red epaulettes, green cap Royal Blue, Light Blue cap Grey, pink cap
Daylami Loup Sauvage Visionary
1996
GREEN, red epaulettes, green cap Dark blue, light blue cross belts, striped sleeves, white cap Light blue and orange diamonds, light blue sleeves, light blue cap, orange star
Ashkalani Spinning World Tagula
1995
Royal blue, white chevron, light blue cap Royal blue, white seams, sleeves and cap Dark blue, light blue cross belts, striped sleeves, white cap
Vettori Atticus Petit Poucet
1994
Royal blue, white seams, sleeves and cap Emerald green, royal blue sleeves, white cap, emerald green spots Dark blue, light blue cross belts, striped sleeves, white cap
Green Tune Turtle Island Psychobabble
1993
Dark blue, light blue cross belts, striped sleeves, white cap Blue, yellow epaulets, striped sleeves, star on cap Dark blue, light blue cross belts, striped sleeves, white cap
Kingmambo Bin Ajwaad Hudo
1992
Dark blue, light blue cross belts, striped sleeves, white cap Green, pink epaulets, white sleeves, pink cap Maroon, white sleeves, maroon cap, white star
Shanghai Rainbow Corner Lion Cavern
1991
Dark blue, light blue cross belts, striped sleeves, white cap Yellow and black hoops, yellow cap White, red inverted triangle and sleeves
Hector Protector Acteur Francais Sapieha
1990-1982
1990
Grey, pink cap Dark green Light blue, scarlet spots
Linamix Zoman Funambule
1989
Royal blue, white spots on body Royal blue, white seams, sleeves and cap Yellow and black hoops, yellow cap
Kendor Goldneyev Ocean Falls
1988
White, red epaulets, blue sleeves, white stars, red cuffs, red and blue quartered cap Yellow and black hoops, yellow cap Yellow, dark green striped sleeves, white cap
Blushing John French Stress Tay Wharf
1987
Royal blue, white chevron, light blue cap White, red epaulets, blue sleeves, white stars, red cuffs, red and blue quartered cap Yellow, blue diamonds on body, yellow cap, blue spots
Soviet Star Noble Minstrel Glory Forever
1986
Green, red armlets and cap Beige, brown chevron, hooped sleeves, quartered cap Royal Blue, Light Blue cap
Fast Topaze Highest Honor Art Francais
1985
White and dark green hoops, white sleeves, dark green armlets, hooped cap Green, red armlets and cap Emerald Green and Royal Blue (halved horizontally), Blue sleeves, quartered cap
No Pass No Sale Candy Stripes Synefos
1984
Green, red armlets and cap Green, red armlets and cap Dark blue, light blue cross belts, striped sleeves, red cap
Siberian Express Green Paradise Mendez
1983
Dark blue, light blue cross belts, striped sleeves, white cap Green, red armlets and cap Grey, black cross belts quartered cap
L'Emigrant Crystal Glitters Margouzed
1982
Dark blue, light blue cross belts, striped sleeves, white cap Light blue, yellow cross-belts, yellow cap Emerald green, white diamond frame and diamonds on sleeves, green cap
Melyno Tampero Day Is Done
 

HistoryEdit

OriginsEdit

The Poule d'Essai, an event for three-year-old colts and fillies, was established in France in 1840. It was inspired by two races in England, the 2000 Guineas (for colts and fillies) and the 1000 Guineas (for fillies only).

The race was initially staged at the Champ de Mars. Its first running was over one full circuit of the track (about 2,000 metres). It was cut to a three-quarter lap (1,500 metres) in 1841. It was cancelled due to insufficient entries in 1843 and 1844.

The Poule d'Essai was transferred to Longchamp in 1857. It was extended to 1,600 metres in 1867.[2] It was abandoned because of the Franco-Prussian War in 1871. It continued to be run until 1882.[3]

Modern versionEdit

The Poule d'Essai des Poulains was created in 1883, when the Poule d'Essai was divided into two separate races.[4] The "Poulains" was restricted to colts, and the Poule d'Essai des Pouliches was reserved for fillies.

The events were cancelled throughout World War I, with no runnings from 1915 to 1918. There were two 1,800-metre replacement races at Chantilly in 1917.[5] The version for colts was called the Critérium d'Essai des Poulains.[6]

The "Poulains" and "Pouliches" were not run in the spring of 1940, but a substitute combining both races took place at Auteuil in October. Titled the Prix d'Essai, it was won by the colt Djebel.[7]

The Poule d'Essai des Poulains was held at Le Tremblay in 1943,[8] and Maisons-Laffitte in 1944 and 1945.[9]

The present race grading system was introduced in 1971, and the event was given Group 1 status. It was switched from Longchamp's middle course (moyenne piste) to the main course (grande piste) in 1987.

The leading horses from the Poule d'Essai des Poulains sometimes go on to compete in the Prix du Jockey Club. The last to win both races was St Mark's Basilica in 2021.

RecordsEdit

Leading jockey (6 wins):

  • Freddy HeadGreen Dancer (1975), Red Lord (1976), Blushing John (1988), Linamix (1990), Hector Protector (1991), Shanghai (1992)

Leading trainer (11 wins):

  • Robert Denman – Regain (1883), Archiduc (1884), Vinicius (1903), Gouvernant (1904), Val d'Or (1905), Ouadi Halfa (1907), Lord Burgoyne (1911), Dagor (1913), Le Traquet (1921), Sir Gallahad (1923), Asterus (1926)

Leading owner (8 wins):

  • Edmond BlancArreau (1896), Governor (1900), Vinicius (1903), Gouvernant (1904), Val d'Or (1905), Ouadi Halfa (1907), Lord Burgoyne (1911), Dagor (1913)
  • HH Aga Khan IVBuisson Ardent (1956), Zeddaan (1968), Kalamoun (1973), Blushing Groom (1977), Nishapour (1978), Ashkalani (1996), Daylami (1997), Sendawar (1999)

Winners since 1970Edit

Year Winner Jockey Trainer Owner Time
1970 Caro [a] Bill Williamson Albert Klimscha Countess Batthyany 1:41.30
1971 Zug Jean-Claude Desaint John Cunnington, Sr. William Hawn 1:37.60
1972 Riverman Jean-Claude Desaint Alec Head Germaine Wertheimer 1:38.60
1973 Kalamoun Henri Samani François Mathet HH Aga Khan IV 1:41.80
1974 Moulines Maurice Philipperon Richard Carver, Jr. Junzo Kashiyama 1:43.90
1975 Green Dancer Freddy Head Alec Head Jacques Wertheimer 1:39.30
1976 Red Lord Freddy Head Alec Head Jacques Wertheimer 1:42.30
1977 Blushing Groom Henri Samani François Mathet HH Aga Khan IV 1:41.80
1978 Nishapour Henri Samani François Mathet HH Aga Khan IV 1:46.10
1979 Irish River Maurice Philipperon John Cunnington, Jr. Mrs Raymond Adès 1:39.80
1980 In Fijar Georges Doleuze Mitri Saliba Mahmoud Fustok 1:38.40
1981 Recitation Greville Starkey Guy Harwood Anthony Bodie 1:40.70
1982 Melyno Yves Saint-Martin François Mathet Stavros Niarchos 1:38.60
1983 L'Emigrant Cash Asmussen François Boutin Stavros Niarchos 1:46.30
1984 Siberian Express Alfred Gibert André Fabre Mahmoud Fustok 1:35.80
1985 No Pass No Sale [b] Yves Saint-Martin Robert Collet Richard Strauss 1:38.10
1986 Fast Topaze Cash Asmussen Georges Mikhalidès Mahmoud Fustok 1:48.30
1987 Soviet Star Greville Starkey André Fabre Sheikh Mohammed 1:36.20
1988 Blushing John Freddy Head François Boutin Allen Paulson 1:37.20
1989 Kendor Maurice Philipperon Raymond Touflan Adolf Bader 1:36.10
1990 Linamix Freddy Head François Boutin Jean-Luc Lagardère 1:35.90
1991 Hector Protector Freddy Head François Boutin Stavros Niarchos 1:37.60
1992 Shanghai Freddy Head François Boutin Stavros Niarchos 1:38.20
1993 Kingmambo Cash Asmussen François Boutin Stavros Niarchos 1:39.10
1994 Green Tune Olivier Doleuze Criquette Head Jacques Wertheimer 1:37.40
1995 Vettori Frankie Dettori Saeed bin Suroor Maktoum Al Maktoum / Godolphin 1:40.40
1996 Ashkalani Gérald Mossé Alain de Royer-Dupré HH Aga Khan IV 1:37.60
1997 Daylami Gérald Mossé Alain de Royer-Dupré HH Aga Khan IV 1:42.60
1998 Victory Note John Reid Peter Chapple-Hyam Magnier / Sangster 1:34.50
1999 Sendawar Gérald Mossé Alain de Royer-Dupré HH Aga Khan IV 1:36.20
2000 Bachir Frankie Dettori Saeed bin Suroor Godolphin 1:39.40
2001 Vahorimix [c] Christophe Soumillon André Fabre Jean-Luc Lagardère 1:35.40
2002 Landseer Michael Kinane Aidan O'Brien Tabor / Magnier 1:36.80
2003 Clodovil Christophe Soumillon André Fabre Lagardère Family 1:36.40
2004 American Post Richard Hughes Criquette Head-Maarek Khalid Abdullah 1:36.50
2005 Shamardal Frankie Dettori Saeed bin Suroor Godolphin 1:39.20
2006 Aussie Rules Kieren Fallon Aidan O'Brien Magnier / Tabor / Salman 1:37.00
2007 Astronomer Royal Colm O'Donoghue Aidan O'Brien Smith / Tabor / Magnier 1:37.10
2008 Falco Olivier Peslier Carlos Laffon-Parias Wertheimer et Frère 1:35.60
2009 Silver Frost Christophe Soumillon Yves de Nicolay John Cotton 1:35.43
2010 Lope de Vega Maxime Guyon André Fabre Gestüt Ammerland 1:36.10
2011 Tin Horse Thierry Jarnet Didier Guillemin Marquesa de Moratalla 1:36.33
2012 Lucayan Stéphane Pasquier François Rohaut Mouknass / Pandora 1:37.11
2013 Style Vendome Thierry Thulliez Nicolas Clément André de Ganay / Baillet 1:34.68
2014 Karakontie Stéphane Pasquier Jonathan Pease Niarchos Family 1:41.06
2015 Make Believe Olivier Peslier André Fabre Prince A A Faisal 1:36.85
2016 The Gurkha[d] Ryan Moore Aidan O'Brien Smith / Tabor / Magnier 1:36.97
2017 Brametot[d] Cristian Demuro Jean-Claude Rouget Al Shaqab / Augustin-Normand 1:36.82
2018 Olmedo Cristian Demuro Jean-Claude Rouget Ecurie Antonio Caro & Gerard Augustin-Normand 1:37.72
2019 Persian King Pierre-Charles Boudot André Fabre Godolphin & Ballymore Thoroughbred 1:38.98
2020 Victor Ludorum[e] Mickael Barzalona André Fabre Godolphin 1:34.14
2021 St Mark's Basilica Ioritz Mendizabal Aidan O'Brien Smith / Tabor / Magnier 1:40.15
2022 Modern Games William Buick Charlie Appleby Godolphin 1:34.98

a Faraway Son finished first in 1970, but he was relegated to third place following a stewards' inquiry.
b River Mist finished first in 1985, but he was relegated to fourth place following a stewards' inquiry.
c Noverre was first in 2001, but he was subsequently disqualified after testing positive for a banned substance.
d The 2016 and 2017 runnings took place at Deauville while Longchamp was closed for redevelopment.
e The 2020 running took place at Deauville on 1 June as Longchamp was closed owing to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Earlier winnersEdit

Poule d'EssaiEdit

  • 1840: Giges
  • 1841: Fiammetta
  • 1842: Annetta
  • 1843–44: no race
  • 1845: Commodor Napier
  • 1846: Philip Shah
  • 1847: Tronquette
  • 1848: Gambetti
  • 1849: Experience
  • 1850: Saint Germain
  • 1851: First Born
  • 1852: Bounty
  • 1853: Moustique
  • 1854: Nancy
  • 1855: Monarque
  • 1856: Nat
  • 1857: Florin
  • 1858: Brocoli
  • 1859: Bakaloum
  • 1860: Gustave
  • 1861: Isabella
  • 1862: Stradella
  • 1863: Stentor
  • 1864: Baronella
  • 1865: Gontran
  • 1866: Puebla
  • 1867: Nicolet
  • 1868: Gouvernail
  • 1869: Consul
  • 1870: Valois
  • 1871: no race
  • 1872: Revigny
  • 1873: Sire
  • 1874: Novateur
  • 1875: Saint Cyr
  • 1876: Enguerrande
  • 1877: Fontainebleau
  • 1878: Clementine
  • 1879: Zut
  • 1880: Le Destrier
  • 1881: Promethee
  • 1882: Barbe Bleu

Poule d'Essai des PoulainsEdit

  • 1883: Regain
  • 1884: Archiduc
  • 1885: Xaintrailles
  • 1886: Gamin
  • 1887: Brio
  • 1888: Reyezuelo
  • 1889: Phlegethon
  • 1890: Heaume
  • 1891: Le Hardy
  • 1892: Fra Angelico
  • 1893: Le Nicham
  • 1894: Beaujolais
  • 1895: Launay
  • 1896: Arreau
  • 1897: Indian Chief
  • 1898: Rodilard
  • 1899: Perth
  • 1900: Governor
  • 1901: Cheri
  • 1902: Retz
  • 1903: Vinicius
  • 1904: Gouvernant
  • 1905: Val d'Or
  • 1906: Eider
  • 1907: Ouadi Halfa
  • 1908: Monitor
  • 1909: Verdun
  • 1910: Sifflet
  • 1911: Lord Burgoyne
  • 1912: De Viris
  • 1913: Dagor
  • 1914: Listman
  • 1915–18: no race
  • 1919: McKinley
  • 1920: Pendennis
  • 1921: Le Traquet
  • 1922: Mont Blanc
  • 1923: Sir Gallahad
  • 1924: Tapin
  • 1925: Faraway
  • 1926: Asterus
  • 1927: Fiterari
  • 1928: Dark Lantern
  • 1929: Vatout
  • 1930: Xandover
  • 1931: Indus
  • 1932: Le Becau
  • 1933: Rodosto
  • 1934: Brantome
  • 1935: Kant
  • 1936: Davout
  • 1937: Drap d'Or
  • 1938: Gaspillage
  • 1939: Mac Kann
  • 1940: Djebel
  • 1941: Panipat
  • 1942: Hexton
  • 1943: Dogat
  • 1944: Prince Bio
  • 1945: Mistral
  • 1946: Pactole
  • 1947: Tourment
  • 1948: Rigolo
  • 1949: Amour Drake
  • 1950: Tantieme
  • 1951: Free Man
  • 1952: Guersant
  • 1953: Cobalt
  • 1954: Cote d'Or
  • 1955: Klairon
  • 1956: Buisson Ardent
  • 1957: Tyrone
  • 1958: Pres du Feu
  • 1959: Thymus
  • 1960: Mincio
  • 1961: Right Royal
  • 1962: Adamastor
  • 1963: Relko
  • 1964: Neptunus
  • 1965: Cambremont
  • 1966: Soleil
  • 1967: Blue Tom
  • 1968: Zeddaan
  • 1969: Don II

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Poule d'Essai des Poulains". The French Black Type. Retrieved 14 May 2017.
  2. ^ "1868 Poule d'Essai". Ruff's Guide to the Turf for 1869. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
  3. ^ "1882 Poule d'Essai". Le Figaro (in French). 24 April 1882. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
  4. ^ "1883 Poule d'Essai des Poulains". Le Figaro (in French). 23 April 1883. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
  5. ^ "Courses à Chantilly". Le Gaulois (in French). 22 May 1917. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
  6. ^ "1917 Critérium d'Essai des Poulains". Le Gaulois. 22 May 1917. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
  7. ^ "Djebel enlève le Prix d'Essai". Le Matin (in French). 28 October 1940. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
  8. ^ "Résultats de samedi, au Tremblay". Le Matin. 17 May 1943. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
  9. ^ "La journée des Poules d'Essai à Maisons-Laffitte". Le Matin (in French). 13 May 1944. Retrieved 28 April 2013.