Portogruaro (Venetian: Porto, Friulian: Puart) is a town and comune in the Metropolitan City of Venice, Veneto, northern Italy. The city is the centre of a district, made up of 11 comuni, which form the Venezia Orientale with the San Donà di Piave district.

Comune di Portogruaro
Piazza della Repubblica, the main square, with the Town Hall.
Piazza della Repubblica, the main square, with the Town Hall.
Coat of arms of Portogruaro
Location of Portogruaro
Portogruaro is located in Italy
Location of Portogruaro in Italy
Portogruaro is located in Veneto
Portogruaro (Veneto)
Coordinates: 45°47′N 12°50′E / 45.783°N 12.833°E / 45.783; 12.833
Metropolitan cityVenice (VE)
FrazioniGiussago, Lison, Lugugnana, Portovecchio, Pradipozzo, Summaga
 • MayorIginio Olita (district commissioner)
 • Total102.31 km2 (39.50 sq mi)
5 m (16 ft)
 (31 December 2014)[2]
 • Total25,219
 • Density250/km2 (640/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
Dialing code0421
Patron saintSaint Andrew
Saint day30 November
WebsiteOfficial website

History edit

Portogruaro was officially founded in 1140, when the Archbishop of Concordia, Gervinus, gave a group of fishermen (Giovanni Venerio, Arpone, Bertaldo, Borigoio, Enrico Mosca, Giovanni Salimbene) the right to settle there and build a river port. A castle had existed on the site as early as the 10th century. In 1420, after centuries under Patria del Friuli, was conquered by the Republic of Venice. According to Bertolini the town's foundation could be coeval to the Concordia Sagittaria's one. Under the Venetians the town retained some autonomy and was able to expand economically up until the economic decline of Venice from the 17th century onwards.

Following the upheavals of the Napoleonic Wars, Portogruaro was incorporated into the Austrian Empire in 1815. Apart from a brief uprising in 1848 Portogruaro remained under Austrian control until 1866 when it entered the newly unified Kingdom of Italy. Since that time the population of Portogruaro has grown from under 10,000 to around 25,000.[3]

Main sights edit

  • Romanesque Abbey of Summaga (11th century). The church, built in 1211, has an 18th-century façade. The sacellum has frescoes from the 11th–12th centuries, depicting the Redemption, The Original Sin, The Punishment of Adam and Eve, the Crucifixion and the Final Judgement. The apse is also frescoed.
  • Cathedral of Saint Andrea and Bell Tower
  • Church of Saint Luis
  • Church of Saint John
  • Oratory of Visitation
  • Town Hall, a Gothic building from 1265, with a façade including later additions (c. 1512). It houses three paintings by Luigi Russolo.
  • Mills on the Lemene river (12th century)
  • Church of Sant'Agnese (13th century)
  • Communal Villa, a 16th-century patrician residence
  • A series of 14th–15th-century palaces

The Roman and medieval city of Concordia Sagittaria was located nearby.

Economy edit

A former large phosphates producer is now closed. The Camuffo Boatyard, founded in 1438, is one of the oldest industries in the world.

Agriculture edit

In the "frazioni" of Lison e Pradipozzo are produced several wines which are exported all around the world:

Transport edit

Sport edit

The local football club is called Calcio Portogruaro Summaga, founded in 1990, and plays in the fourth Italian league (Serie D).

Notable people edit

Twin towns edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ Population data from Istat
  3. ^ "Censimenti popolazione Portogruaro 1871-2011" (in Italian). www.tuttitalia.it. Retrieved 15 December 2012.

External links edit