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The Port of Camden is situated on east bank of the Delaware River in Camden and Gloucester City in southern New Jersey in the United States. It is one of several ports in the Delaware Valley metro area port complex and is located near the mouth of Newtown Creek opposite the Port of Philadelphia.[2][3] The port is one the nation's largest for wood products, steel, cocoa and perishable fruit.

Port of Camden
Walt Whitman Bridge from the air.jpg
Walt Whitman Bridge crossing the Delaware with port facilities of Camden-Gloucester at right and Philadelphia at left
Location
CountryUnited States
LocationCamdenGloucester City, New Jersey
Coordinates39°55′15″N 75°07′34″W / 39.9208439°N 75.1261562°W / 39.9208439; -75.1261562Coordinates: 39°55′15″N 75°07′34″W / 39.9208439°N 75.1261562°W / 39.9208439; -75.1261562
Details
Draft depth45 feet
Air draft150 feet[1]

Shipping channel, air draft, port of entryEdit

 
New York Shipbuilding

The port is approximately 102 miles (164 km) from the Atlantic Ocean at the entrance to the Delaware Bay. After 1942, the Delaware River Main Channel was maintained at a depth of 40 feet (12 m).[4] In a project completed in 2017, the federal navigation shipping channel from Camden/Philadelphia was deepened to 45 feet (14 m).[5][6][7][8] Local pilotage is generally required for larger commercial vessels.[9]

The air draft of the port is 150 feet, restricted by the Walt Whitman Bridge. Downstream of the bridge air draft is 188 feet, restricted by Delaware Memorial Bridge[1]

It is a port of entry in United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) District 21, which covers New Jersey.[10]

The Delaware River port complex refers to the ports and energy facilities along the river in the tri-state PA-NJ-DE Delaware Valley region. They include the Port of Salem, the Port of Wilmington, the Port of Chester, the Port of Paulsboro, the Port of Philadelphia and the Port of Camden. Combined they create one of the largest shipping areas of the United States. In 2016, 2,427 ships arrived at Delaware River port facilities: Fruit ships were counted at 577, petroleum at 474, and containerized cargo at 431.[11]

Historical shipbuilding and ferriesEdit

New York Shipbuilding and Dialogue & Company were both located in the port.[12] Much of the current port operations are located on what were once shipyards.[13] The United States lightship Barnegat (LV-79), built in the city, is located in Cooper Point, and is considered threatened.[14][15]

Ferry service between Camden and Philadelphia existed for 264 years. The first commercial crossing of the Delaware was first established in 1688; the last ferry to depart the city was in 1952.[16] The seasonal RiverLink Ferry was established in 1999.

Operations and facilitiesEdit

 
Balzano Marine Terminal

The semi-public South Jersey Port Corporation (SJPC) oversees a number of facilities, for which the Delaware River Stevedores handle much of the traffic.[17] Additionally there are other privately run facilities in the port, including those of Holt Logistics, Holtech International, Mafco,[18] EMR subsidiary Camden Iron and Steel[19][20] and Camden Yards Steel.[21][22] The Camden County MUA maintains a large treatment plant on the waterfront.[23]

SJPCEdit

Marine terminals operated by South Jersey Port Corporation (SJPC), which also oversees the Port of Paulsboro and the Port of Salem:

 
Balzano Terminal
  • Balzano Terminal (formerly the Beckett Street Terminal[24]) is a 125-acre (51 ha) bulk and break bulk cargo complex that handles wood products, steel products, cocoa beans, containers, iron ore, furnace slag, scrap metal and containerized cargo[25]
  • Broadway Terminal is a 180-acre (73 ha) complex that handles petroleum coke, furnace slag, dolomite, other dry bulk items, steel products, wood products, minerals, cocoa beans, fresh fruit as well as containerized cargo.[26]

Holt Logistics and HoltecEdit

 
Gloucester Marine Terminal

Holt Logistics operates terminals in the port[27]

 
Weeks Marine upstream from Benjamin Franklin Bridge

Weeks MarineEdit

Weeks Marine, a maritime salvage, construction, and transportation company, maintains facilities upstream of the Benjamin Franklin Bridge at Pyne Point

RoadEdit

 
Walt Whitman Bridge and Gloucester Terminal

Delaware River Port Authority operates bridges in the port. The Walt Whitman Bridge crosses the Delaware River at the port as Interstate 76 (I-76), which interchanges with Interstate 295. The Benjamin Franklin Bridge (U.S. Route 30 is the north side of Camden.

The North-South Freeway, which carries Interstate 676 north to downtown Camden.[44] Route 76C connector runs east to U.S. Route 130 and Route 168.

County Routes 537, 543, 551 and 561 all travel through the center of the city.

RailEdit

Rail service to some parts of the port is within Conrail's South Jersey/Philadelphia Shared Assets Area.[45][46] The port is located south of Pavonia Yard and the Delair Bridge, the most downstream railroad bridge crossing the Delaware at Pennsuaken. The Vineland Secondary has a spur running along the port. Norfolk Southern Railway and CSX Transportation are accessible through Conrail switching operations.

Tourism and recreationEdit

 
Wiggins Marina and One Port Center

The Central Waterfront, with Wiggins Marina, lies upstream of the maritime and industrial facilities in the port. The USS New Jersey (BB-62) is berthed between the two districts. The BB&T Pavilion, Wiggins Park, and the Adventure Aquarium are located nearby.

Bergen Square and Waterfront South are two districts located to the east of the port. There has been some conflict with combining residential needs with port needs.[47][48] The Camden Shipyard & Maritime Museum [49] Phoenix Park was developed in 2015 allowing for waterfront access for recreation in the midst of the maritime facilities.[50]

The Freedom Pier is a public waterfront promenade at the former Coast Guard Base Gloucester.[51]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Bridges and Cables" (PDF). Moran Shipping. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
  2. ^ Southern New Jersey Freight Transportation and Eonomic Development Assessment Survery (PDF) (Report). New Jersey Department of Transportation. December 2010. Retrieved 2013-07-17.
  3. ^ "Camden, New Jersey Port facilities". Seaport Find the Data. Retrieved 2013-07-17.
  4. ^ Delaware River Main Channel Deepening Project January 20, 2005
  5. ^ "Delaware River Main Channel Deepening". United States Army Corps of Engineers. Retrieved 2018-07-25.
  6. ^ Lt. Col. Robert J. Ruch, District Engineer, Philadelphia District (January 20, 2005). Delaware River Main Channel Deepening Project (PDF) (Report). Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission. Retrieved 2013-07-14.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  7. ^ "Delaware River Main Channel Deepening Project" (PDF). US Army Corps of Engineers. May 2012. Retrieved 2018-07-14.
  8. ^ "The Delaware River Main Channel Deepening Project: Background" (PDF). Delaware Riverkeeper. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-07-16. Retrieved 2018-07-14. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  9. ^ "United States Coast Pilot 3 - Delaware Bay" (46 ed.). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. August 25, 2013: 187. Pilotage on Delaware Bay, Delaware River, and tributaries thereof is compulsory for all foreign vessels of 100 gross tons or more and all U.S. vessels under register engaged in the foreign trade or commerce of 100 gross tons or more. Pilotage is optional for all U.S. Government vessels and for all U.S. vessels in the coast-wise trade that have on board a pilot licensed by the Federal Government for these waters. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  10. ^ "Field Offices". Title 8 of Code Federal Regulations (8 CFR). USCIS. July 6, 2009. Retrieved 2013-08-10.
  11. ^ https://www.maritimedelriv.com/storage/app/media/Publications/Beacon/Issues/Beacon_Winter_2017.pdf
  12. ^ "Shipbuilding and Shipyards - Encyclopedia of Greater Philadelphia". philadelphiaencyclopedia.org. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
  13. ^ "Rejuvenated Port of Camden Makes Waves in Philadelphia". 29 April 1973. Retrieved 2 April 2019 – via NYTimes.com.
  14. ^ King, Kate (17 May 2018). "SOS Goes Up to Rescue Ship From Scrap Heap of History". Retrieved 4 April 2019 – via www.wsj.com.
  15. ^ "Light Ship Barnegat – Preservation NJ". www.preservationnj.org. Retrieved 4 April 2019.
  16. ^ Baisden, Cheryl L. (2 April 2019). "Camden". Arcadia Publishing – via Google Books.
  17. ^ "Delaware River Stevedores, Inc". Retrieved 4 April 2019.
  18. ^ MAFCO. "Global Leader in Licorice Extract & Product Manufacturing". MAFCO Worldwide LLC.
  19. ^ "Camden Iron & Metal Relocates Operations". Recycling Today.
  20. ^ Loyd, Linda. "South Philly scrap heap moving to Camden".
  21. ^ "Camden Yards Steel leans on NJ tax breaks to expand business, jobs". Courier-Post.
  22. ^ "About Camden Yards Steel". Camden Yards Steel Company. Retrieved 4 April 2019.
  23. ^ "The Camden County Municipal Utilities Authority – Welcome". Retrieved 4 April 2019.
  24. ^ Times, John Barna/Gloucester County (17 December 2011). "South Jersey Port Corporation renames terminal in honor of Joe Balzano". nj.com. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
  25. ^ "Balzano Marine Terminal". South Jersey Port Corporation.
  26. ^ "Broadway Terminal". South Jersey Port Corporation.
  27. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-12-09. Retrieved 2019-04-02. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  28. ^ "Pier 5 Broadway Marine Terminal". Retrieved 2 April 2019.
  29. ^ "Broadway Terminal – Pier 5". South Jersey Port Corporation.
  30. ^ "FreshPac LLC Fruit Packing Facility - Pier 5 Camden New Jersey". www.freshpacllc.com.
  31. ^ "Gloucester Marine Terminal". Retrieved 2 April 2019.
  32. ^ "Largest Rooftop Solar Power Plant in North America Formally Completed". CleanTechnica. 7 April 2012. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
  33. ^ "Riverside Renewable Energy LLC". Retrieved 2 April 2019.
  34. ^ Gloucester Marine Terminal to Construct 9 MW Solar Rooftop, Solarbuzz, June 22, 2011. Accessed September 18, 2011
  35. ^ Joseph, Gloria (18 May 1989). "Del Monte Tropical Fruit Moves Operations to NJ Camden Facility Has More Space". joc.com.
  36. ^ Loyd, Linda. "Del Monte to shift port cargo from Camden to Gloucester". Retrieved 2 April 2019.
  37. ^ "Del Monte Ila Workers Labor". The Philadelphia Inquirer.
  38. ^ McGeehan, Patrick (20 December 2013). "Federal Case Is Brought Over Fruit". Retrieved 2 April 2019 – via NYTimes.com.
  39. ^ "North America Operations and Sales - Del Monte Fresh".
  40. ^ Laday, Jason (July 10, 2014). "Paulsboro port construction, Camden's Holtec manufacturing plant boosted by $260M tax break". South Jersey Times. Retrieved 2014-07-10.
  41. ^ DiStefano, Joseph N. (July 10, 2014). "NJ approves $260M in tax breaks for Holtec Camden factory". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved 2014-07-10.
  42. ^ "Holtec Project in Camden City Moving Forward". CNBNews. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
  43. ^ Corasaniti, Nick; Haag, Matthew (1 May 2019). "The Tax Break Was $260 Million. Benefit to the State Was Tiny: $155,520". Retrieved 15 May 2019 – via NYTimes.com.
  44. ^ Interstate 676 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2008. Accessed July 29, 2014.
  45. ^ "System Map - Conrail". Retrieved 4 April 2019.
  46. ^ "Conrail in South Jersey". Conrail Historical Society. Archived from the original on 2013-10-05. Retrieved 2013-07-14. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  47. ^ "NJDEP - Environmental Justice - Camden Waterfront South Air Toxics Pilot Project". www.nj.gov. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
  48. ^ Merritt, Athena (15 August 2005). "Camden's crowded port finds itself under pressure". Philadelphia Business Journal.
  49. ^ "about". csmm. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
  50. ^ Young, Alex (3 June 2015). "Phoenix Park rises from crumbling industry to create oasis for Camden residents". nj.com. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
  51. ^ "Freedom Pier Walkway - Waterfront". Consulting Engineer Services - NJ - PA. 19 July 2017.

External linksEdit