Porn 2.0, named after "Web 2.0", refers to pornographic websites featuring user-generated content. Sites may include social networking media including features such as user-based categorizing, webcam hosting, blogs and comments. This is in contrast to the static content offered by "Web 1.0" porn sites. Porn 2.0 sites may offer features similar to mainstream Web 2.0 services such as video communities (Metacafe, Vimeo, YouTube) and social sites (Tumblr, Twitter), general blogging, (Blogger, DailyBooth, Lookbook) and photo hosting (Flickr, Photobucket, Picasa).
Since their inception, Porn 2.0 Web sites have garnered great popularity, but have meanwhile encountered various legal and other difficulties. Among these difficulties are concern about the digital content copyright, trade media and affiliating partnership advertising. Other concerns include the idea of sharing vs. privacy in Security 2.0 and legal ramifications of large quantities of free, user-generated pornographic content on the Internet. To solve these problems temporarily, a method of implementation of zero-dollar charge credit card verification is implemented in MaxPorn and RTA & age verification consent in PornoTube respectively.
For Porn 3.0, news media often suggest the usage of 3D stereoscopy, multi-angle DVD neural impulse actuators, and peripheral controller and devices similar to game controller vibration, eliminating less probable technologies such as holograms.
While some argue that pornographic sites are a natural development for an industry that has always been at the forefront of technological advancements, Porn 2.0 has presented several difficulties and challenges.
Copyright issuesEditCopyright infringement
is chief among the challenges that have confronted Porn 2.0. Porn 2.0 websites have come under attack as being potentially harmful to the economics of more traditional pornography outlets such as DVD sales and monthly paid subscription adult sites.
As more and more of the general public comes online, they are finding newer and cheaper ways to get their adult content fix. Just like the masses have flocked to sites like YouTube to watch professional clips from their favorite TV shows, video blogs, crazy stunts, and amateur movies, the adult audience has ditched DVDs and pay-per-view television to flock to similar sites (like xtube).— Jacqui Cheng, ArsTechnica.com
As with YouTube, any site that allows users to upload content runs the risk of infringing on the copyrights of the original producers. While this was a grey issue at the inception of the Web 2.0 movement, a billion dollar lawsuit filed by Viacom in 2007 against YouTube (see "Copyright Infringement") will bring this issue before the courts and will have a massive potential effect on the viability of Porn 2.0 as a business strategy. YouTube has since won the suit.
A 2007 decision by the 6th Circuit Court of Appeals found that the 2257 legislation (Child Protection and Obscenity Enforcement Act) was unconstitutional and violated first amendment rights. The decision was overturned in a 2009 en banc rehearing. The United States Supreme Court declined to hear the matter.
As with Web 2.0 ventures like Facebook, Myspace or YouTube, Porn 2.0 has yet to find a strategy that proves to be commercially profitable. High server costs from hosting the large amount of user-generated content paired with little to no user-generated income puts Porn 2.0 websites in a challenging financial position. Because Porn 2.0 services have, so far, been free of charge to users, the only source of revenue for these sites is from advertising placement.
This section needs additional citations for verification. (November 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Though not the most popular pornographic website, Pornhub holds the honour of being the single largest such website on the internet, hosting more videos than any similar site. The site was launched in Montreal, providing professional and amateur photography since 2007. Pornhub also has offices and servers in San Francisco, Houston, New Orleans and London. In March 2010, it was bought by Manwin (now known as MindGeek), which owns numerous other pornographic websites.
PornoTube is an advertising-supported pornographic site that provides audio, videos, and photos of explicit sex. It is one of the highest-traffic pornographic sites on the Internet along with Pornhub and YouPorn and has been described as a major development in Internet pornography. PornoTube was started in July 2006 by AEBN.
RedTube is a Web 2.0, video-sharing, pornography site which in November 2009 held an Alexa ranking within the World's top 100 sites. However, by June 2010 it had fallen out of the top 100. Its popularity has been ascribed to its non-sexual name.
The site's database was accessed and temporarily shut down by Turkish hackers in February 2008.
YouPorn is a free pornographic video sharing site, similar in format to YouTube. It was started in August 2006. It was eventually overtaken by xHamster, Pornhublive.com and Livejasmin. The domain name was registered by a company in December 2005, and a little over a year later YouPornMobile was promoting mobile porn as well. The site was owned by MidStream Media International N.V., which was based in Willemstad, Curacao, a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. However, it was later purchased by the large adult internet company, Manwin, which is owned by Fabian Thylmann, a German national residing in Belgium.
In October 2007, it was reported that a man living in California, had contacted Vivid Entertainment and AEBN in May 2007, claiming that he co-owned YouPorn with another individual, and was willing to sell for $20 million. He later denied owning YouPorn, claiming instead that it was founded and is operated by a German.
Porn 2.0 image websitesEdit
Various Porn 2.0 websites exist that have a majority of free promotional and user-generated material. A popular platform for 2.0 image websites is a Pinterest clone that is used by sites such as Sex.com and PicFapPin.com, which work the same way as other social media sites except that they are specialist on pornographic content only. Social Media sites that allow adult content include tumblr, Twitter, reddit, stumbleupon and PornToot.
Alternatively to social media sites are free user-generated collections of pornographic material that finance their server costs by displaying advertisement, thus allowing them to share their content as an alternative strategy to the social media sites.
Social porn newsEdit
There are other forms of Porn 2.0, which do not involve user-generated video content. One is so-called "Social Porn" Digg-style websites, where registered users write articles about their submitted links.
Over-saturation due to free promotional materialEdit
Since the success of MET-Art starting in 1999, its success with free promotional material has created a constant source of new content on the internet and porn tube sites. Thus there is an ever-growing amount of free images and videos made available and shared through social media like Tumblr, Twitter and Stumbleupon. This therefore creates a whole new accessibility for pornographic material.
- 3D Porn, Current
- Porn 3.0: the next gen of sex biz tech, p2, TechRadar
- Porn 3.0: the next gen of sex biz tech, p3, TechRadar
- Swartz, Jon (2004-03-09). "Online porn often leads high-tech way". usatoday.com. Retrieved 2010-12-21.
- "Porn 2.0, and Its Victims :: Mediacheck". thetyee.ca. 2007-07-06. Retrieved 2010-12-21.
- "Youporn Vivid Entertainment Profile - Culture Lifestyle". Portfolio.com. 2008-09-11. Retrieved 2010-12-21.
- Cheng, Jacqui (2007-06-06). "Porn 2.0 is stiff competition for pro pornographers". Arstechnica.com. Retrieved 2010-12-21.
- Manjoo, Farhad (24 October 2007). "You and YouPorn are now free to make porn". Machinist: Tech Blog, Tech News. Archived from the original on 29 October 2007. Retrieved 25 February 2018.
- "Connection Distributing Co. v. Holder, (6th Cir. 2009) (en banc). Opinions - UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE SIXTH CIRCUIT" (PDF). Retrieved 2010-12-21.
- "Order List (10/05/2009)" (PDF). Retrieved 2010-12-21.
- , Wired.com, October 2002
- "Talk Talk fails to block Pornhub". The Inquirer. 6 December 2011. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
- O'Connor, Maureen (June 2017). "Pornhub is the Kinsey Report of our Time". New York Magazine: 30–39.
The streaming sex empire turns 10 this year.
- Brown, Joe (2006-11-30). "'The most important site on the Internet'". T3. Retrieved 2006-12-25.
- The Mobile Adult Market: 2010 Overview, Retrieved 2010-12-21.
- Obscene Losses, Portfolio, 15 October 2007
- PornToot Archived 6 June 2017 at the Wayback Machine.
- Arrington, Michael. "Social Porn – It Had to Happen Eventually". techcrunch.com. Tech Crunch. Retrieved 24 March 2014.
- Toot, Porn. "PornToot – Toot Your Own Porn". porntoot.com. PornToot. Archived from the original on 6 June 2017. Retrieved 4 May 2017.